Update on 2024 ballot measure certifications

For 2024, 64 statewide ballot measures have been certified for the ballot in 26 states, which is four fewer measures than the average (68) for this point in the election cycle from 2012 to 2022. The average number of statewide ballot measures certified for an even-numbered year during this period was 157.

Here’s an update on the latest ballot measure activity.

Five more legislative referrals were certified in four states:

Signatures have been submitted and are pending verification or another pre-certification action for four initiatives in Alaska, Maine, and Michigan:

In Massachusetts and Washington, enough signatures were verified for 12 indirect ballot initiatives for them to appear before their respective state legislatures. In Washington, the state legislature approved three: 

An additional nine indirect ballot initiatives are before legislators in Massachusetts and Washington:

In Alaska, Maine, and Michigan, initiated state statutes are indirect or follow a similar process. This means the legislature has the option to pass the initiative outright. Legislators have a certain number of days, depending on the state, to adopt the initiative into law. In Maine and Michigan, when legislators take no action or reject the initiative, the initiative is put on the ballot for voters to decide. In Alaska, the initiative is not automatically introduced into the legislature, but legislators can pass a substantively similar bill by the end of the session, which renders the initiative void. In Massachusetts, petitioners collect a second round of signatures to place the initiative on the ballot.

The most recent signature deadline for citizen-initiated ballot measures was Feb. 15, 2024, in Utah, where signatures were filed for one initiative. However, the number of signatures filed was below the requirement.

The next signature deadline is May 1, 2024, in Idaho, where two ballot initiatives have been proposed—one to legalize medical marijuana, and another to create a top-four ranked-choice voting (RCV) system.

The following chart shows the number of ballot measures certified across each week of an even-numbered year.

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