Ballotpedia releases federal judicial vacancy count for June 2024

In this month’s federal judicial vacancy count, Ballotpedia tracked nominations, confirmations, and vacancies from May 2, 2024, to June 1, 2024. Ballotpedia publishes the federal judicial vacancy count at the start of each month.


  • Vacancies: There have been three new judicial vacancies since the May 2024 report. There are 44 vacancies out of 870 active Article III judicial positions on courts covered in this report. Including the United States Court of Federal Claims and the United States territorial courts, 45 of 890 active federal judicial positions are vacant.
  • Nominations: There have been eight new nominations since the previous report.
  • Confirmations: There have been seven new confirmations since the previous report.

New vacancies

There were 44 vacancies out of 870 active Article III judicial positions, a total vacancy percentage of 5.1, which is 0.2 percentage points higher than the vacancy percentage in May 2024.

  • The nine-member U.S. Supreme Court does not have any vacancies.
  • One (0.6%) of the 179 U.S. Appeals Court positions are vacant.
  • 41 (6.1%) of the 677 U.S. District Court positions are vacant.
  • None of the nine U.S. Court of International Trade positions are vacant.

A vacancy occurs when a judge resigns, retires, takes senior status, or passes away. Article III judges, who serve on courts authorized by Article III of the Constitution, are appointed for life terms.

Since the May report, three judges have left active status, creating Article III life-term judicial vacancies. As Article III judicial positions, these vacancies must be filled by a nomination from the president. Nominations are subject to confirmation on the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate.

U.S. Court of Appeals vacancies

The following map shows the number of vacancies on the United States Court of Appeals as of June 1, 2024.

The following map shows the number of vacancies in the United States District Courts as of June 1, 2024.

The following chart shows the number of federal judicial vacancies each month during the Biden administration from January 20, 2021, to June 1, 2024.

New nominations

President Joe Biden (D) has announced eight new nominations since the previousreport.

Since taking office in January 2021, Biden has nominated 238 individuals to Article III positions.

New confirmations

Since the previous report, the U.S. Senate has confirmed seven of Biden’s nominees to Article III seats:

As of June 1, 2024, the Senate has confirmed 201 of Biden’s judicial nominees—156 district court judges, 42 appeals court judges, two Court of International Trade judges, and one Supreme Court justice—since January 2021.

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