Trump meets with Kim Jong-un in North Korea

 Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing

July 1, 2019: Donald Trump met with Kim Jong-un in North Korea. Several candidates spoke at the Rainbow PUSH Coalition annual convention in Chicago.

There are 10 new candidates running since last week, including five Democrats, two Republicans, and one Libertarian. In total, 758 individuals are currently filed with the FEC to run for president.

Notable Quote of the Day

“What the maiden debates of the 2020 election cycle demonstrated above all else is the acceleration of change inside the Democratic Party—not just since Biden came to Congress in 1973, but since he became vice president in 2009.

Ten years ago this September, Barack Obama convened a joint session of Congress to reset the narrative of his health-care reform push and dispel some of the more sinister myths surrounding it. One particular point of emphasis for Obama: The Affordable Care Act would not cover undocumented immigrants.

On Thursday, every one of the 10 candidates on stage—Biden included—said their government plans would do exactly that.”

– Tim Alberta, Politico chief political correspondent


  • Michael BennetJulián CastroKirsten Gillibrand, and Kamala Harrisappeared on MSNBC’s Kasie DC Sunday night.
  • Attorney and top Obama bundler Tom McInerney announced that he had withdrawn support from Joe Biden.
  • Bill de Blasio announced Friday that New York City will no longer participate in a federal Title X program granting $1.3 million because it prohibited funded clinics from making abortion referrals.
  • Cory Booker joined Chuck Todd on NBC’s Meet the Press.
  • Steve Bullock is hosting a Facebook Live town hall on climate change with the Forward Montana Foundation Monday morning.
  • Pete Buttigieg walked with South Bend city and faith leaders in a peace march Saturday following an increase in gun violence and the fatal police shooting of Eric Logan.
  • Castro and Beto O’Rourke campaigned across Texas over the weekend.
  • John Delaney campaigned throughout Iowa over the weekend. He held a forum on healthcare with the Scott County Democrats.
  • Tulsi Gabbard discussed the first Democratic primary debate on Real Time with Bill Maher.
  • Several Democratic candidates defended Harris after tweets shared by bot accounts questioned whether she is a black American.
  • Harris reported raising $2 million in the 24 hours following the first Democratic presidential debate.
  • In an interview on CNN, John Hickenlooper criticized Trump’s meeting with Kim Jong-un. 
  • Amy Klobuchar will campaign in Iowa Monday, the first of three days in the state.
  • Wayne Messam spoke about immigration policy at the U.S. Conference of Mayors in Honolulu, Hawaii. 
  • Seth Moulton and Bernie Sanders campaigned at the Nashua Pride Festival in New Hampshire Saturday.
  • In an interview on Fox News, Tim Ryan said Trump’s meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un was a publicity stunt.
  • Eric Swalwell retweeted support for lowering the voting age to 16.
  • Elizabeth Warren discussed her faith at the Rainbow PUSH Coalition’s Annual International Convention. Bidende BlasioGabbard, and Klobuchar also spokeover the weekend.
  • Marianne Williamson and Andrew Yang both said their mics did not work at several points during the debate. NBC responded, “At no point during the debate was any candidate’s microphone turned off or muted.”


  • Donald Trump became the first sitting U.S. president to enter North KoreaSunday. He then met with Kim Jong-un for an hour in the demilitarized zone between the two Koreas. 

What We’re Reading

Flashback: July 1, 2015

The Clinton campaign announced that it had raised $45 million in the second quarter of 2015. Ninety-one percent of donations were $100 or less.

The Daily Brew Summer Camp: Relax with the Supreme Court

Welcome to Camp!  
The Daily Brew: Summer Camp

Our Summer camp week begins today, and I hope you’re as excited about it as all of us are to bring it to you. 

The beginning of July is a perfect time to think about where we are in 2019 and what we’re likely to be talking about as we head towards a very busy 2020. I’ll be turning the Brew over to a few of our staff writers on Tuesday and Wednesday to learn what they think was the most noteworthy story of the last six months and what they’re looking forward to in the months ahead.

We’ve enjoyed hearing from you these past few weeks-what stories matter to you and how you’re spending your summer. We also know that the summer break is when lots of folks relax. 

Personally, I can’t think of a better way to relax than thinking about the Supreme Court, and the term that just ended. I mean, who doesn’t want to talk about writs of certiorari at a backyard barbecue? “I remand that request for more potato salad.” Who wants to take a vacation to the birthplaces of all nine justices?

Fortunately, today’s edition of our Bold Justice newsletter recaps the Supreme Court’s term that ended Friday. If you sign up now, you’ll receive it in your mailbox later this afternoon. You can sit back, grab a cold beverage, and relive all the cases of the last nine months. I know I can’t wait.

Welcome to Camp!

Notes from Brew readers like you

I’m looking forward to finding out:
“Which Presidential candidates say nuclear energy should be phased out? Which ones include it in their solution to global warming.”

Stories I enjoy:
“My favorite Ballotpedia stories are about Citiizen initiatives referendums!”

-Lee in NYC

Thanks, Lee! 
Want to see your own thoughts in the Daily BrewShare them with us here!




A look at Janus’ effect on public-sector union membership

On June 27, 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Janus v. AFSCME that public-sector unions cannot require non-members to pay agency fees to cover the costs of non-political union activities. Let’s take a look at the potential effect Janus has had on membership.

Broad effects: The National Education Association (NEA) and the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) are the nation’s two largest public-sector labor unions. Together, they represent about 4.3 million public-sector workers — roughly 20 percent of the nation’s total public-sector workforce.

  • According to federal reports, total NEA membership in 2017 was 3.1 million, including 3 million dues-paying members and just under 100,000 agency fee payers. In 2018, membership was 3 million, all dues-paying members — a net decrease of about 2.4 percent.
  • In 2017, total AFSCME membership was about 1.4 million, including 1.3 million dues-paying members and about 100,000 agency fee payers. In 2018, total AFSCME membership decreased to about 1.3 million, nearly all of it dues-paying members — a decrease of about 6 percent.

Challenges when assessing membership changes’: There is no consensus opinion when it comes to assessing Janus‘ effect on union membership rates. Generally speaking, groups that support the Janus ruling tend to point to figures suggesting declines in public-sector union membership. Unions tend to cite figures suggesting minimal effects on membership. This difference of opinion is a consequence of the complexities involved in measuring union membership rates. What makes tallying union membership so difficult?

  • There is little existing research: The most frequently cited sources base their figures on the Current Population Survey, a sample survey of roughly 60,000 households. These are estimates, not precise measurements. Other existing research generally deals with individual states, making it difficult to compare states because of differing methodologies.
  • There are no uniform federal reporting requirements: Under federal law, unions that represent public-sector employees exclusively are not required to file financial reports with the U.S. Department of Labor. Public-sector unions that represent some private-sector employees are subject to reporting requirements. This results in gaps in the data.
  • Unions’ organizational structures complicate counting efforts: Many unions are organized at local levels. But these local unions often belong to state associations, which in turn often belong to national-level organizations. For example, a local school district teachers’ union might belong to a state-level affiliate of the National Education Association. Any attempt to count members must take this fact into account or risk double-counting members.

Ballotpedia’s approach to this question: Earlier this week, Ballotpedia published a methodology describing how we will navigate these complexities and produce our own membership data set, which we expect to publish in full by the end of this summer. For a more complete discussion of this topic, see our methodology article or check out our webinar, where we present some of our preliminary findings.

The big picture

Number of relevant bills by state

We are currently tracking 101 pieces of legislation dealing with public-sector employee union policy. On the map below, a darker shade of green indicates a greater number of relevant bills. Click here for a complete list of all the bills we’re tracking.

Union Station map June 28, 2019.png

Number of relevant bills by current legislative status

Union Station status chart June 28, 2019.png

Number of relevant bills by partisan status of sponsor(s)

Union Station partisan chart June 28, 2019.png

Recent legislative actions

Below is a complete list of legislative actions on relevant bills since the beginning of the year. Bills are listed in alphabetical order, first by state and then by bill number.

  • California AB314: This bill would require employers to grant employees paid time for certain union activities.
    • Senate Labor, Public Employment, and Retirement Committee reported favorably. Bill and sent back to Senate Appropriations Committee June 26.
  • Rhode Island H5259: This bill would authorize unions to impose fees on non-members for administrative matters.
    • House approved substitute bill June 26.
  • Rhode Island S0712: This bill would authorize unions to impose fees on non-members for administrative matters. It would require employers to notify unions within five days of hiring new employees. It would also require employees to file written notice with the state controller in order to discontinue dues payroll deductions.
    • Placed on House calendar June 27.

Harris and Swalwell target Biden in second debate night

 Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing

June 28, 2019: Kamala Harris and Eric Swalwell challenged Joe Biden during the second debate night. Donald Trump traveled to Japan for the G20 economic summit.

Each Friday, we’ll highlight a presidential candidate’s key campaign staffer.

Juan Rodriguez was Kamala Harris‘ (D) campaign manager for her U.S. Senaterun in 2016. He earlier worked in California state government.

Previous campaign work:

  • 2016 Kamala Harris U.S. Senate campaign, campaign manager

Other experience:

  • 2013-2015: Office of Attorney General Kamala Harris (D-Calif.), senior advisor
  • 2009-2013: Office of Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D), director of state relations

What he says about Harris:

“This is a campaign powered by the people, focused on making health care a right, putting $500 a month in the pockets of working Americans, and giving every public school teacher in America a raise. We’re excited by the support we’re already seeing.”

Notable Quote of the Day

“Democrats above all seek electability. But this debate is a good reminder that electability comes in many forms — and the ideal candidate in one election may not be the most electable candidate in another. In 2004, as John Sides has pointed out, the Democrats thought that they needed to speak to religious voters — but that’s not how Obama won. In 2012, the Republicans thought that they needed to speak to Latinx voters — but again, that’s not how Trump won.”

– Dan Hopkins, University of Pennsylvania professor of political science

Debate Highlights

  • Michael Bennet condemned Citizens United and gerrymandering. He also shared the story of his mother’s separation from her family in Poland during World War II while discussing his involvement in the bipartisan Gang of Eight immigration legislation and family separations.
  • Joe Biden defended his record on civil rights and school integration after Harris said he had worked with segregationists to oppose busing. He also said he could work with Republicans, pointing to a 2012 deal with Mitch McConnell on taxes.
  • Pete Buttigieg said he had been unable to diversify South Bend’s police force and that systemic racism in policing needed to be addressed. He also said there was a tension between Christian values and family separations at the border.
  • Kirsten Gillibrand said that “women’s reproductive rights are under assault” by the Republican Party and abortion policies created by compromise, like the Hyde Amendment, were unacceptable. She also said she supported a buy-in transition period before adopting a Medicare for All system.
  • Kamala Harris criticized Biden’s record on busing and shared she was in the second class to integrate at her public school in California. She also opposed the Obama administration’s deportation policy, saying it affected the immigrant community’s ability to reach out to law enforcement.
  • John Hickenlooper said Democrats needed to make clear they are not socialists. He said he supported the mission of the Green New Deal but opposed its job guarantee. On immigration, Hickenlooper said the Trump administration’s family separation policy was tantamount to kidnapping.
  • Bernie Sanders said that under his policies, the middle class would pay more in taxes but less in healthcare and education. He also opposed court packing, called for rotating judges, and said that support for Roe v. Wade would be a litmus test for his federal judicial nominees
  • Eric Swalwell quoted Biden to say that political leadership should pass to a new generation, particularly on issues of automation and climate change.
  • Marianne Williamson said the discussion around healthcare needed to address the underlying causes of chronic illness, including pharmaceutical and environmental policies. She also directly challenged Trump, saying she would “harness love for political purposes.”
  • Andrew Yang said Russia was the greatest geopolitical threat and that Chinese intellectual property theft and should not be addressed through tariffs. He said the first international relationship he would reset would be China to seek cooperation on climate change, AI, and North Korea.


  • After touring a facility housing migrant children in Homestead, Florida, Bill de Blasio said it looked like a prison camp and called for an end to family separations.
  • Cory Booker introduced the Remove Marijuana from Deportable Offenses Act Thursday, which would remove marijuana use and activities from the list of offenses making an immigrant deportable or ineligible for citizenship. 
  • Steve Bullock appeared on WMUR’s “Conversation with the Candidate” series in New Hampshire.
  • Julián Castro discussed his plan to decriminalize border crossings in an interview on The View.
  • During an interview on Fox News, John Delaney criticized Medicare for All and said Democrats would lose the election if they nominate a candidate pushing the policy.
  • Tulsi Gabbard tweeted that she had more than 85,000 donors, roughly 45,000 donors away from the fundraising threshold for the third debate.
  • Jay Inslee renewed his calls for a debate focused solely on climate change, saying the first debate showed it would not be properly highlighted.
  • Wayne Messam supported striking workers at the Fort Lauderdale International Airport Thursday morning.
  • Seth Moulton will campaign in New Hampshire over the weekend, including attending the Nashua Pride Festival.
  • Beto O’Rourke spoke with top donors and bundlers Thursday about his debate performance and how to improve in July.
  • Elizabeth Warren, along with Bidende Blasio, and Buttigieg, will speak at the Rainbow PUSH Convention in Chicago this weekend.


  • Donald Trump arrived in Japan for the G20 summit where tariffs, the global economy, climate change, oil markets, and marine plastic waste are expected to be discussed.
  • Bill Weld tweeted that he was looking forward to debating TrumpNo incumbent president has participated in a primary debate and the Republican National Committee disbanded the party’s debate committee in 2018.

What We’re Reading

Flashback: June 28, 2015

CNN’s Jake Tapper interviewed Donald Trump about NAFTA, the U.S.-Mexico border, and same-sex marriage.

The Daily Brew: Recall rate down 50 percent compared to 2016-2018

Today’s Brew summarizes our semiannual recall election analysis and discusses state legislative walkouts  
The Daily Brew

Welcome to the Friday, June 28, Brew. Here’s what’s in store for you as you start your day:

  1. This year’s recall efforts down by half compared to last three years
  2. So, what exactly is a state legislative walkout?
  3. Supreme Court rules on partisan gerrymandering claims

Recall efforts down by half compared to prior three years

I look forward to this day each June – the day we release our mid-year figures on political recalls.

During the first half of 2019, Ballotpedia’s recalls coverage discovered a 50 percent decline in the total number of recall efforts compared to the same times in 2016, 2017, and 2018. 

The figure below depicts the total recall efforts through the first 6 months of the calendar year:

Recall successThere has been a higher amount of recall efforts targeting state legislators so far this year compared to the previous three years. In 2016, there were seven recall efforts targeting state legislators. 2017 saw three, and 2018 saw four. In the first half of 2019, however, nine state legislative recalls have accounted for 8% of the year’s recall efforts.

2019 did match previous years’ recall statistics in other ways. As in 2016, 2017, and 2018, California led the way in the highest number of officials targeted for recall in 2019, and city council officials also drew the focus of more recall petitions than any other group.

Of the recall efforts covered in the first half of 2019, 37% are still underway as of June 27 and another 11% have recall elections scheduled. A total of 17% of the efforts have not gone to the ballot. Of those that have made it to the ballot, 15% were approved and 10% were defeated.

Dig deeper for more recall data in the full report below.

Learn more

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Summer camp begins next week! We’re looking for stories from our readers. What are you looking forward to this summer? What has been your favorite political story so far this year? Click here to share your thoughts.

Summer Camp

Oregon Senate Republicans are currently out of state. What is a state legislative walkout?

On June 20, 2019, the 11-member Republican minority of the Oregon State Senate did not come to a scheduled legislative session to discuss HB2020, a cap-and-trade bill. With only 18 Democratic members, the chamber fell short of the 20 members needed for quorum and business halted. Although Senate President Peter Courtney announced June 25 that HB2020 did not have the votes necessary to pass, Republicans have remained out of state away from the legislature.

We’ve seen legislative walkouts before, so we thought this would be a good time to set the landscape on the subject.

Quorum requirements for legislatures to conduct official business are laid out in state constitutions. In many states, there are also statutory requirements for quorum if a bill involves taxes or state finances. Forty-five states require a majority of legislators present for quorum. Four states, including Oregon, require two-thirds of legislators be present for quorum. Massachusetts requires two-fifths of state senators or three-eighths of state representatives to be present for quorum.

Oregon’s Republican legislators are the most recent example of a state legislative walkout, where minority party members leaving the capitol, or the state, to prevent legislative action. Listed below are three examples of state legislative walkouts that occurred prior to 2019.

  • In February 2011, 37 Democratic members of the Indiana House of Representatives did not come to a scheduled legislative session, citing right-to-work legislation as the reason.

  • Also in February 2011, 14 Democratic members of the Wisconsin State Senate did not come to a scheduled legislative session to prevent a vote on right-to-work legislation.

  • In May 2003, 11 Democratic members of the Texas State Senate did not come to a scheduled legislative session to prevent the passage of a redistricting plan they said would have benefited Republicans. Republicans held 20 seats, one short of the 21 members needed for quorum.


U.S. Supreme Court finds partisan gerrymandering claims are beyond jurisdiction of federal courts

The U.S. Supreme Court issued two rulings Thursday on partisan gerrymandering.  The 5-4 decisions in Rucho v. Common Cause (North Carolina) and Lamone v. Benisek (Maryland) held that partisan gerrymandering claims present political questions that fall beyond the jurisdiction of the federal judiciary. The high court combined the cases and issued a single joint decision covering both.

Chief Justice John Roberts penned a majority opinion, joined by Justices Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito, Neil Gorsuch, and Brett Kavanaugh. Roberts noted that the Framers, “aware of electoral districting problems … [assigned] the issue to the state legislatures, expressly checked and balanced by the Federal Congress, with no suggestion that the federal courts had a role to play.” 

Justice Elena Kagan wrote a dissent, joined by Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, and Sonia Sotomayor. Kagan wrote: “The partisan gerrymanders in these cases deprived citizens of the most fundamental of their constitutional rights…In so doing, the partisan gerrymanders here debased and dishonored our democracy, turning upside-down the core American idea that all governmental power derives from the people.”

The high court remanded both cases to the respective lower courts with instructions to dismiss for lack of jurisdiction. The lower court decisions had thrown out existing congressional district plans as impermissible partisan gerrymanders. As a result of Thursday’s decisions, those district maps will remain in place for the 2020 congressional elections.  

Stay tuned Monday for our full SCOTUS roundup of the 2018-2019 term. Subscribe to Bold Justice to get that delivered straight to your inbox, free.

Just launched: Ballotpedia’s Learning Journey on Enumerated Powers

We are excited for you to join us and deepen your understanding of a foundational principle of the United States Constitution—enumerated powers. This Learning Journey guides you through the powers given to Congress and how they relate to the separation of powers between the legislative, executive and judicial branches of the federal government.

Sign up today!

Learning Journey



U.S. Supreme Court fails to resuscitate nondelegation doctrine

The Checks and Balances Letter delivers news and information from Ballotpedia’s Administrative State Project, including pivotal actions at the federal and state levels related to the separation of powers, due process and the rule of law.

This edition:

In this edition, we review the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decision declining to uphold the nondelegation doctrine, a SCOTUS decision requiring notice-and-comment rulemaking for changes to Medicare policy, an effort to standardize cost-benefit analysis procedures at the Environmental Protection Agency, and two recent SCOTUS cases demonstrating the reluctance to apply Chevron deference.

At the state level, we highlight an Idaho proposal to simplify or retire roughly one-third of the state’s regulatory code, a new Michigan law that seeks to protect citizens against civil asset forfeiture, a ruling from the Texas Supreme Court aimed at protecting citizens’ due process rights in spite of agency misinformation, and the Texas governor’s executive order to prevent the expiration of the state’s plumbing regulations. As always, we wrap up with our Regulatory Tally, which features information about the 220 proposed rules and 264 final rules added to the Federal Register in May and OIRA’s regulatory review activity.

The Checks and Balances Letter

Key readings.jpg

In Washington

U.S. Supreme Court fails to resuscitate nondelegation doctrine; Alito concurrence, however, suggests a change in precedent might be forthcoming

  • What’s the story? In Gundy v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) did not violate the nondelegation doctrine, the constitutional principle forbidding Congress from delegating its legislative powers to the executive.
  • Justice Elena Kagan’s plurality opinion noted that the court has only declared delegations of authority unconstitutional twice in its history and that past courts have upheld broader delegations with less guidance from Congress. Justice Alito, however–who voted to uphold SORNA–wrote a separate opinion stating his willingness to reconsider how the court approaches future nondelegation doctrine challenges, suggesting changes in precedent might still be coming. Justice Kavanaugh did not vote on the case, which was heard before he joined the court.
  • Justice Gorsuch filed a dissenting opinion arguing that SORNA is unconstitutional because it gives the U.S. attorney general the power to write and enforce his own criminal code. He argued, “The Constitution promises that only the people’s elected representatives may adopt new federal laws restricting liberty. Yet the statute before us scrambles that design. It purports to endow the nation’s chief prosecutor with the power to write his own criminal code governing the lives of a half-million citizens. Yes, those affected are some of the least popular among us. But if a single executive branch official can write laws restricting the liberty of this group of persons, what does that mean for the next?”
  • Herman Gundy was convicted for failing to register as a sex offender under SORNA even though his offense occurred before SORNA passed. He argued that Congress improperly gave away legislative power to the attorney general when it allowed him to decide whether and how to apply SORNA to sex offenders who were convicted earlier.
  • The last time the U.S. Supreme Court found that Congress violated the nondelegation doctrine was in two 1935 cases involving the National Industrial Recovery Act passed during the New Deal.
  • Want to go deeper?

SCOTUS reins in HHS by requiring notice-and-comment rulemaking; declines to draw line between substantive and interpretive rules

  • What’s the story? The United States Supreme Court on June 3 declined to draw a defining line between substantive rules and interpretive rules in a 7-1 decision in Azar v. Allina Health Services. Instead, the court narrowly held that the Medicare Act requires the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to follow notice-and-comment rulemaking procedures when it makes substantive changes to Medicare policy, including substantive changes issued through interpretive rules.
  • Justice Brett Kavanaugh was recused from the case because he authored the appellate court opinion while serving on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Justice Stephen Breyer dissented.
  • A group of hospitals that provide healthcare to low-income Medicare patients and challenged HHS’ method of calculating the disproportionate share hospital adjustments for the 2012 fiscal year. These adjustments serve to increase reimbursement payments to hospitals that treat a disproportionately high number of low-income patients. The hospitals argued that the Medicare Act required HHS to provide “the public with notice and opportunity for comment” before changing the formula.
  • The district court ruled that HHS was not required to follow notice-and-comment rulemaking procedures because the formula change to calculate the 2012 adjustments was instituted through an interpretive rule, a type of agency guidance document. Unlike substantive rules, interpretive rules lack the force and effect of law. The district court held that the Medicare Act incorporated the Administrative Procedure Act’s (APA) exemption of interpretive rules from notice-and-comment rulemaking.
  • The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit reversed the district court in finding that the Medicare Act does not except interpretive rules from notice-and-comment requirements.
  • In an opinion by Justice Neil Gorsuch, the United States Supreme Court affirmed the D.C. Circuit ruling, arguing that the Medicare statutes of 1987 require notice-and-comment rulemaking for changes to substantive legal standards, including those issued via interpretive rules.
  • Want to go deeper?

Cost-benefit analysis overhaul at EPA in response to Trump executive order

  • What’s the story? Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Andrew Wheeler issued a memo on May 13 directing agency leadership to develop new rules standardizing the agency’s application of cost-benefit analysis in the rulemaking process.
  • The EPA is instituting the new rules in response to President Trump’s Executive Order 13777, which directed agencies to identify regulations with costs that exceed benefits. The memo lists the following guidelines for the new cost-benefit analysis rules:
  • The EPA should evaluate and consider both costs and benefits in regulatory decision-making.
  • The EPA should have consistent interpretations of key terms and concepts, such as “practical,” “appropriate,” “reasonable,” and “feasible.”
  • The EPA should explain the factors considered in a regulatory analysis and their role in shaping the regulatory outcome.
  • Analyses should follow best practices as well as sound economic and scientific principles.
  • Want to go deeper?

Recent SCOTUS cases avoid Chevron doctrine

  • What’s the story? The U.S. Supreme Court has not overturned the Chevron doctrine, but two recent cases demonstrate the court’s reluctance to apply it.
  • The court on May 20 rejected a petition to hear United Parcel Service v. Postal Regulatory Commission, a case in which the United Parcel Service challenged the appellate court’s application of Chevron deference to the Postal Regulatory Commission’s (PRC) method of setting postal rates.
  • In the court’s May 28 decision in Smith v. Berryhill, the justices unanimously rejected the argument that Chevron deference should apply when Congress gave no clear instructions about the availability of judicial review for those seeking disability benefits before the Social Security Administration. Justice Sonia Sotomayor stated in the opinion that the scope of judicial review “is hardly the kind of question that the Court presumes that Congress implicitly delegated to an agency.”
  • The Chevron doctrine—named for the 1984 United States Supreme Court decision in Chevron v. Natural Resources Defence Council—compels courts to defer to agencies’ reasonable interpretations of the unclear laws that they administer.
  • Want to go deeper?

In the States

Idaho governor proposes dramatic reductions to state regulatory code

  • What’s the story? Idaho Governor Brad Little (R) on May 21 proposed simplifying or allowing for the expiration of 139 full chapters and 79 partial chapters—roughly 34%—of the state’s regulatory code.
  • Idaho’s entire regulatory code was effectively repealed as of July 1 after the state legislature failed to reauthorize the 8,200 pages of rules.
  • Regulations in Idaho must be reauthorized each year, but lawmakers failed to do so by the end of the legislative session.
  • Little directed agencies to submit their regulations to the Division of Financial Management by May 10 for temporary approval in order for the rules to remain in effect until the legislature reconvenes in January.
  • Little’s proposal was open for public comment through June 11. Approved rules were published in the June 19 edition of the Idaho Administrative Bulletin, followed by a 21-day comment period.
  • Want to go deeper?

New Michigan law protects against civil asset forfeiture

  • What’s the story? Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer (D) signed a law on May 9 that prevents law enforcement from permanently keeping property under $50,000 acquired through civil asset forfeiture until the owner is convicted in a court of law.
  • Under civil asset forfeiture, law enforcement routinely seize cars, cash and other property as alleged proceeds of crime.
  • The new law aims to protect individuals’ property and due process rights against civil asset forfeiture and expedite the process for individuals seeking to recover seized property.
  • The law is the latest in a series of civil asset forfeiture reforms approved by Michigan lawmakers in recent years. Legislation passed in 2015 raised the standard of evidence for civil asset forfeiture and established transparency requirements. A 2016 bill repealed the bond requirements for individuals challenging forfeitures.
  • Want to go deeper?

Texas Supreme Court upholds due process in the face of agency misinformation

  • What’s the story? The Texas Supreme Court unanimously ruled on May 21 in Mosley v. Texas Health and Human Services Commission and Texas Department of Family and Protective Services that state agencies can’t provide erroneous information to citizens and later deny them due process after they follow the government’s inaccurate instructions.
  • The case concerned a decision by the Texas Department of Aging and Disability Services to add Patricia Mosley, a home health care provider, to the department’s Employee Misconduct Registry. Mosley challenged the decision but lost in a hearing before a state administrative law judge (ALJ).
  • The department sent Mosely a letter after the hearing instructing her to file a petition for judicial review in district court within 30 days in order to appeal the decision. The letter, however, failed to instruct Mosley to first file a motion for rehearing before seeking judicial review as required by statute. As a result, Mosley’s petition for judicial review was dismissed by the district and appellate courts for failing to first file a motion for rehearing.
  • The Texas Supreme Court disagreed, arguing that “the government can’t hold [Mosley] responsible for the consequences of its own ignorance.” The court ordered the department to reinstate Mosely’s case and allow her the opportunity for a rehearing.
  • Want to go deeper?

Texas governor issues executive order to extend plumbing oversight

  • What’s the story? Texas Governor Greg Abbott (R) issued an executive order on June 13 to continue the existence of the Texas Board of Plumbing Examiners and the state’s plumbing regulations through May 2021 without the need for a special legislative session.
  • Texas plumbers asked Abbott to call a special legislative session after the Texas State Legislature failed to approve sunset review legislation last month that would have continued regulatory oversight of plumbers in the state.
  • Lawmakers disagreed over the sunset bill’s proposal to move the responsibilities of the plumbing board under the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation. Supporters of the bill argued that the move would improve efficiency, such as reducing the state’s eight-month processing period for issuing a plumbing license. Opponents claimed that the lengthy licensing period and other alleged inefficiencies of the plumbing board served to protect public health and safety in a specialized industry.
  • Without Abbott’s intervention, the legislative inaction would have resulted in the expiration of the state’s plumbing code on September 1, 2019, and the end of the plumbing board operations by September 2020.
  • Want to go deeper?

New study breaks down scope and impact of federal regulations

The Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) in May released a new issue of the Ten Thousand Commandments—the group’s annual report detailing the scope of federal regulatory activity and its economic impact. Below is a selection of the report’s conclusions:

The Pacific Legal Foundation provided the following summary of the report’s key findings:

  • “Each U.S. household’s estimated regulatory burden is at least $14,615 annually on average. That amounts to 20 percent of the average pre-tax household budget and exceeds every item in that budget, except housing.”
  • “In 2018, Washington bureaucrats issued regulations at a rate of 11 for every one law Congress enacted. The average for this “Unconstitutionality Index” for the past decade has been 28 to one. The five agencies issuing the most rules are the Departments of Commerce, Defense, Health and Human Services, Transportation, and the Treasury.”
  • “In the pipeline now, 67 federal departments, agencies, and commissions have 3,534 regulatory actions at various stages of implementation … according to the fall 2018 ‘Regulatory Plan and the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions.’”
  • “Of the 3,534 regulations in the Agenda’s pipeline, 174 are ‘economically significant’ rules, which the federal government describes as having annual economic effects of $100 million or more. Of those 174, 38 are deemed ‘deregulatory’ for purposes of E.O. 13,771.”

Click here to read the full report.

Regulatory Tally

Federal Register

  • The Federal Register in May reached 25,492 pages. The number of pages at the end of each May during the Obama administration (2009-2016) averaged 31,268 pages.
  • The Federal Register included 220 proposed rules and 264 final rules during May 2019. The regulations included new rules for Medicare Part D, an electronic signature option for U.S. Postal Service deliveries, and an increase in H-2B visas, among other rules.
  • Want to go deeper?

Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA)

OIRA’s May regulatory review activity included:
  • Review of 36 significant regulatory actions. Between 2009-2016, the Obama administration reviewed an average of 46 significant regulatory actions each May.
  • Recommended changes to 34 proposed rules.
  • Agencies withdrew two rules from the review process.
  • As of June 2019, the OIRA website listed 113 regulatory actions under review.
Want to go deeper?

Biden, Sanders, and 8 other candidates take the stage in Miami

 Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing

June 27, 2019: The second set of 10 Democratic presidential candidates take the debate stage in Miami. Donald Trump raised $36 million in the first week since he formally launched his re-election campaign. 

The second set of 10 Democratic presidential candidates will take the debate stageThursday night in Miami, Florida. José Diaz-Balart, Savannah Guthrie, Lester Holt, Rachel Maddow, and Chuck Todd will moderate the debate.

Tune in to NBC News, MSNBC, or Telemundo at 9 PM ET to watch the event live. You can also stream the debate via, the NBC News apps, Telemundo, or YouTube.

Notable Quote of the Day

“I think it’s the people who are worried about making it through the summer and being on the stage in the fall [with the most pressure]. It’s pretty clear that Sanders is going to be on the stage, and it’s pretty clear that Biden is going to be on the stage. I think if you’re Kamala or Warren, you’ve got to be like a really good rebounder in a basketball game. You’ve got to hang around the hoop, and you’ve got to get rebounds. I think [for] the folks that aren’t going to make the stage in September … they need to change the game for themselves so that they’re viable. They’re hoping just to make it until the early states [begin voting], and then it’s a totally different game.”

– Danny Diaz, 2016 Jeb Bush presidential campaign manager

Debate Highlights

  • Cory Booker said economic policy and gun regulations were not working in his community, which he described as low-income, black, and brown. He also discussed violence against transgender Americans.
  • Julián Castro advocated establishing a Marshall Plan for Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. He also condemned the metering policy on migrants seeking asylum and said he would decriminalize illegal border crossings. 
  • Bill de Blasio criticized calls to keep private insurance as a healthcare option and shared his personal experiences as the son of a World War II veteran who took his own life and the father of a black son.
  • John Delaney opposed Medicare for All and said that Democrats should focus on lowering pharmaceutical prices, infrastructure, and job creation, rather than the Mueller report or impeachment proceedings.
  • Tulsi Gabbard said that nuclear war was the greatest threat to national security and called for the U.S. to return to a nuclear agreement with Iran. She also discussed her shift on LGBT policy, coming from a socially conservative household to serving alongside LGBT servicemembers.
  • Jay Inslee highlighted his executive experience in Washington, saying he was the only candidate who passed laws on abortion and health insurance. He also discussed climate change and his support for unions.
  • Amy Klobuchar responded to Inslee by saying there were “three women on this stage” who also fought for abortion. She discussed her electability, saying she had won districts in Minnesota that went for Trump by double digits.
  • Beto O’Rourke defended private insurance as a healthcare option and said pharmaceutical companies need to be held accountable for their connection to the opioid crisis.
  • Tim Ryan criticized General Motors for closing a facility Lordstown, Ohio, and manufacturing cars in Mexico after receiving a tax break. He also said the center of the Democratic Party needed to shift from “coastal and elitist and Ivy League” to “the forgotten communities.”
  • Elizabeth Warren joined de Blasio in being the only candidates on stage to support abolishing private health insurance. She also named climate change as the greatest threat to the United States.


  • Michael Bennet posted a clip on social media of his decade-long support for lifetime bans on members of Congress becoming lobbyists.
  • The Atlantic surveyed 23 Democratic candidates on whether they supported the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Joe Biden, who advocated for the agreement during the Obama administration, declined to say he would. Delaney was the only candidate to explicitly support the deal.
  • The New York Times profiled Steve Bullock’s campaign, describing his retail politics and messaging focus on electability and results in Montana.
  • In its podcast, The Washington Post reported on the evolution of Kirsten Gillibrand’s position on gun policy. 
  • Wayne Messam shared his impressions of the first presidential debate in an interview with NBC News.
  • Seth Moulton aired ads in Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, and South Carolina to introduce himself during and before coverage of the first Democratic primary debate.
  • Bernie Sanders posted an online ad to Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube on the housing crisis in Reno, Nevada.
  • Joe Sestak spoke about disability policy at the Hiawatha Community Center.
  • Eric Swalwell tweeted about gun policy and his plan to “ban and buy back every single assault weapon” during the debate.
  • NowThis featured Marianne Williamson in its latest segment of “20 Questions for 2020” with campaign finance and climate crisis as topics.
  • Andrew Yang tweeted that he had reached 128,000 unique donors, nearing the 130,000-donor threshold to qualify for the third presidential debate.


  • Donald Trump raised $36 million in the first week since launching his re-election bid, including more than $24 million in the first 24 hours.

What We’re Reading

Flashback: June 27, 2015

Chris Christie launched his presidential campaign website. He formally announced his candidacy three days later.


First 10 Democratic candidates take the debate stage in Miami

Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing

June 26, 2019: The first Democratic presidential primary debate of the 2020 election will take place in Miami, Florida. The Trump campaign is sending surrogates to battleground states to respond to the debate.


The first set of 10 Democratic presidential candidates will take the debate stageWednesday night in Miami, Florida. José Diaz-Balart, Savannah Guthrie, Lester Holt, Rachel Maddow, and Chuck Todd will moderate the debate.

Tune in to NBC News, MSNBC, or Telemundo at 9 PM ET to watch the event live. You can also stream the debate via, the NBC News apps, Telemundo, or YouTube.


Notable Quote of the Day

“What about the Puerto Rican vote? They’re not going to forget that this administration abandoned them during Maria. But they won’t be giving their vote away for free. What about the 72,000 Venezuelans who could benefit from TPS? … And I don’t see how we can have a debate in Miami and not talk about U.S.-Cuba policy.

Latinos are still seen as a monolith. Politicians as a whole still don’t get it, and that’s a problem.”

–  Liz Alarcon, Project Pulso director


  • The FEC’s second quarter fundraising deadline is June 30. Fundraising figures are key to qualifying for the next presidential debate and showing campaign health. Expect presidential candidates to make last-minute drives for donations and one-liner quips in the debates to repurpose for fundraising.
  • Michael Bennet discussed U.S.-China relations and his experience as a city school district superintendent and a member of the Gang of Eight bipartisan immigration group in an interview on WBUR’s Here & Now
  • The Washington Post reported on Joe Biden’s assets, including money earned from speaking engagements worth up to $200,000 each, a $2.7 million vacation home, and an $8 million book deal.
  • Bill de Blasio shared how he was preparing for the debate—mock sessions and question drills—along with several other 2020 presidential candidates in an NBC News article.
  • Cory Booker will attend a fundraiser hosted by New Jersey power brokers Joseph DiVincenzo and George Norcross Friday. The New York Times also interviewedBooker about his campaign.
  • Steve Bullock will participate in a locally televised town hall in Des Moines, Iowa, and take questions from online viewers. 
  • ABC News reported on Pete Buttigieg’s trips to Afghanistan and Iraq as a McKinsey consultant prior to his military deployment.
  • In an interview with Religion NewsJulián Castro spoke of his Catholic upbringing, the relationship between religion and policy, and hate crimes.
  • PredictIt is hosting a “shareholder call” with John Delaney about his presidential campaign.
  • Tulsi Gabbard is expected to focus on her opposition to regime change wars and conflict in the Middle East during the debate, according to a Hawaii Tribune-Heraldreport. 
  • The Mike Gravel campaign tweeted that Gravel needs two more polls to qualify for the second presidential debate.
  • Kamala Harris will introduce a bicameral version of the Accountability for Wall Street Executives Act, which would allow state law enforcement oversight of national banks regarding compliance with state law. Kirsten Gillibrand and Elizabeth Warren are also backing the bill.
  • John Hickenlooper discussed his debate strategy in an interview on CNN.
  • The Atlantic reported that Jay Inslee will expand his presidential campaign theme from climate change to his experience as a governor during the presidential debate. 
  • Amy Klobuchar is bringing Nicole Smith-Holt and Shelly Elkington—two Minnesota mothers who lost their adult children to insulin and opioids, respectively—to the first debate.
  • In an op-ed in FortuneWayne Messam wrote that campaign finance laws and inequitable media coverage affected his ability to qualify for the first presidential debate.
  • Seth Moulton will make several media appearances across Miami, including interviews on Fox News, MSNBC, and CNN.
  • In an interview with The RootBeto O’Rourke said that Americans need to better understand the history and repercussions of slavery before the government could consider reparations.
  • Tim Ryan discussed his shift on abortion policy in 2015 and gun policy after the 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting in an interview on CNN.
  • Bernie Sanders wrote an op-ed in Foreign Affairs, calling for the withdrawal of U.S. troops in Afghanistan and defining climate change and global inequality as security threats.
  • National Interest interviewed Joe Sestak about his foreign relations and military policy positions.
  • Eric Swalwell, along with 14 other candidates, has pledged to seek gender parityin his senior-level national security appointments.
  • Warren issued an election security policy to standardize federal election rules, mandate automatic voter registration, and ban election roll purges.
  • The Marianne Williamson campaign sent a press release Tuesday seeking to redefine the candidate as an author and activist rather than a spiritual guru or adviser to Oprah Winfrey.
  • Slate profiled Andrew Yang and his experience building a test prep company and the nonprofit Venture for America.


  • More than four dozen surrogates for Donald Trump will make media appearances in battleground state markets during and after the Democratic presidential primary debate. 
  • Bill Weld appeared in an interview on Concord News Radio in New Hampshire.

What We’re Reading

Flashback: June 26, 2015

The Supreme Court held that same-sex marriage was protected under the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. The 2016 presidential candidates reacted with tweets and public statements ranging from praise to condemnation.


The Daily Brew: The first presidential debate of the 2020 cycle is here!

Today’s Brew highlights the details regarding the first set of presidential debates + three Idaho school board members face an August 27 recall election  
The Daily Brew

Welcome to the Wednesday, June 26, Brew. Here’s what’s in store for you as you start your day:

  1. First Democratic presidential debate takes place tonight
  2. Voters to decide whether to recall three Idaho school board members
  3. Cabán wins election for Queens District Attorney

First Democratic presidential debate takes place tonight

The first Democratic presidential debate takes place tonight in Miami. Over the next two nights, 20 candidates—10 each night—will participate. This will be the first of 12 Democratic primary debates scheduled for the 2020 presidential election cycle. The Democratic National Committee (DNC) used a random drawing to distribute the candidates across both debate nights. 

The Democratic party is holding more primary debates and starting them earlier than the last election cycle. The first Democratic primary debate in the 2016 election was held on October 13, 2015, and the DNC sponsored nine debates altogether. There were 12 Republican debates last cycle and the first one took place August 6, 2015.

The highest-polling candidates in qualifying polls will be positioned in the center of the stage each night. Elizabeth Warren and Beto O’Rourke will be in the middle at tonight’s debate and Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders will be center stage on Thursday.

The debate will be hosted by NBC, MSNBC, and Telemundo and streamed on,, and all Telemundo digital platforms. It will be held from 9 p.m. to 11 p.m. ET. Candidates will have 60 seconds to answer questions posed by the moderators, and 30 seconds to reply to follow-up questions. Participants can make closing statements but there will be no opening remarks.

Here are the candidates who will be in tonight’s debate:

And here are the candidates who will be in Thursday night’s debate:

The candidates all met one or both qualifying thresholds to participate. Candidates qualified by receiving 1% support or more in three eligible national or early state polls—Iowa, New Hampshire, South Carolina, and/or Nevada. Candidates could also qualify by providing verifiable evidence that they received donations from at least 65,000 unique donors with a minimum of 200 donors per state in at least 20 states.

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Voters to decide whether to recall three Idaho school board members

This Friday, Ballotpedia will release its annual mid-year recall report, where we’ll take a closer look at the recall trends across the country so far this year, and compare them to prior years. Just to give you a small taste, here’s an update on a recent recall effort in Idaho. 

Recall efforts against Tim Winkle, Alicia McConkie, and Marianne Blackwell of the Middleton School District board of trustees in Idaho were certified by the Canyon County Elections Office earlier this month and will appear before voters on August 27.

Recall organizer David Morgan said the effort against Winkle and McConkie was prompted after they voted to accept the superintendent’s personnel recommendations—which did not renew the contract of the high school principal—at a May 6 board meeting. The recall petition against Blackwell said she “set an unprofessional and unacceptable precedent for school board trustees” and violated the board’s code of ethics.

Recall supporters also targeted another board member—Kirk Adams—but the petition was rejected by the county because he had not yet served 90 days in office. The school board’s fifth member resigned in April due to personal reasons.

Winkle said that since the decision not to renew the principal’s contract was a personnel matter, the board was limited in what they could share with the public. McConkie said she has served the best she could for the last two years and felt she was being targeted for recall over a single decision. Blackwell has not responded to the recall effort against her.

In order for the Middleton School District board members to be removed from office, a majority of voters must vote in favor in the recall election. Additionally, the number of voters who cast ballots in favor of the recall must also be higher than the total number of people who voted for the officeholders when they were last up for election. In the May 2017 election, 253 voters cast ballots in McConkie’s district and 82 cast ballots in Blackwell’s district. 

In 2018, Ballotpedia covered a total of 206 recall efforts against 299 elected officials.Of the 123 officials whose recalls made it to the ballot, 77 were recalled for a rate of 62.6 percent. That was higher than the 56.9 percent rate and 56.3 percent rate for 2017 and 2016 recalls, respectively.

Cabán wins election for Queens District Attorney

Public defender Tiffany Cabán won the Democratic primary election for Queens County District Attorney. Former Queens County District Attorney Richard Brown (D)-who announced in January that he would not run for re-election-died in May after serving in the office for 28 years. Queens County is the state designation for the Borough of Queens in New York City.

Cabán defeated five other Democratic primary candidates and will face attorney Daniel Kogan (R) in the November 5 general election.

The primary attracted national attention and endorsements from two presidential candidates.

Local election watchers had identified Cabán, Queens Borough President Melinda Katz, and former Judge Gregory Lasak as frontrunners. 

Cabán was endorsed by Sens. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D), and The New York Times.

Katz was endorsed by Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D), four members of the U.S. House, the county Democratic Party, and City Councilor Rory Lancman (D), who dropped out of the race June 21. Former Rep. Joseph Crowley, whom Ocasio-Cortez unseated in 2018, fundraised on Katz’s behalf. 

Lasak was endorsed by the New York Daily News, the New York Post, and Rep. Kathleen Rice (D). 

Also running were attorney Betty Lugo, former New York City Civilian Complaint Review Board director Mina Malik, and prosecutor Jose Nieves. 



Former U.S. Rep. Joe Sestak becomes 25th notable Democratic candidate

Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing

June 24, 2019: On Sunday, former U.S. Rep. Joe Sestak (D-Penn.) announced he is running for president, becoming the 25th notable Democratic candidate. Twenty-two Democratic candidates spoke at the South Carolina Democratic Convention Saturday.

There are three new candidates running since last week, including two Democrats (Sestak has not yet officially filed with the Federal Election Commission, so he’s not included). Six individuals are no longer filed as candidates with the FEC, including three Democrats. In total, 748 individuals are currently filed with the FEC to run for president.

Notable Quote of the Day

“A divided vote among black Democrats, who represent 60 percent of the primary electorate in this state [South Carolina], could profoundly transform the race, leading to a drawn-out and more brutal fight for the nomination. The race could go on well past South Carolina and Super Tuesday, which are just three days apart next year and will offer the best test of candidate strength with voters of color.” 

— Jonathan Martin and Astead W. Herndon, The New York Times


  • Twenty-two notable Democratic candidates (all but Steve Bullock and Mike Gravelspoke at the South Carolina Democratic Convention Saturday. This was a record-breaking number of presidential candidates speaking at the state party’s convention, The Greenville News reported.
  • Twenty candidates attended a forum hosted by Planned Parenthood Saturday. Eight candidates—Pete ButtigiegJulián CastroJohn HickenlooperAmy KlobucharBeto O’RourkeBernie SandersEric Swalwell, and Elizabeth Warrenparticipated in a National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO) forum Friday.
  • Michael Bennet and a group of other senators introduced a bill called the Hunger-Free Summer for Kids Act of 2019 that would allow the USDA’s Summer Food Service Program to provide meals that can be eaten off-site and create an option to give parents $30 per child per summer month to buy eligible food items.
  • Joe Biden was endorsed by the Iowa Professional Fire Fighters union for the 2020 Iowa caucuses.
  • On ABC’s This Week SundayCory Booker said Trump has no strategy on Iran. Booker said that, if elected president, he would strengthen relationships with U.S. allies to denuclearize Iran.
  • Bullock campaigned in New Hampshire this weekend.
  • On Sunday, Buttigieg held a town hall in South Bend, Indiana, with police chief Scott Ruszkowski, where they responded to residents’ questions related to an officer-involved shooting that occurred June 16.
  • Castro referred to a Trump tweet saying he called off a military strike against Iran 10 minutes before it was set to happen, and to Trump delaying raids by Immigration and Customs Enforcement over the weekend, as “bull**** politics.” Castro said Trump is “a political conman.”
  • John Delaney spoke about his candidacy on CBSN’s Red & Blue Friday.
  • Tulsi Gabbard discussed “ending wasteful regime change wars” as her priority on NBC’s Nightly News.
  • Kirsten Gillibrand and Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Ak.) on Friday introduced a bill called the Summer Meals Act of 2019 that would expand eligibility for the USDA’s Summer Food Service Program and provide transportation for children to meal sites.
  • Related to an officer-involved shooting in South Bend, Indiana, Mike Gravel tweeted, “The media has given Buttigieg a pass on a lackluster record in South Bend that shows him to be more concerned about public acclaim than the lives of average people. Why the pass? Because he’s an articulate white kid with all the right credentials. His constituents know the truth.”
  • Kamala Harris on CBS’ Face the Nation criticized Trump’s approach to Iran and said the U.S. should re-enter the Iran nuclear deal. She also discussed tensions within the Democratic Party over whether to begin impeachment proceedings against Trump.
  • Hickenlooper said at Friday’s NALEO forum that people living in the country without legal permission should be given 10-year visas.
  • Jay Inslee is in Everglades Holiday Park in Florida today, where his campaign said he’ll make a major policy announcement.
  • Wayne Messam was interviewed on Caribbean Riddims, a South Florida radio show.
  • Seth Moulton criticized Trump’s Iran strategy. Moulton said if he were president, he would “respond to Iran by turning off the power in the grid in the southern part of the country where the Iranian missile system is based,” Roll Call reported.
  • Politico reported that O’Rourke hired Carmel Martin as his national policy director. Martin served as policy adviser to John Kerry’s and Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaigns; she has also worked for the Department of Education and the Center for American Progress.
  • Tim Ryan on MSNBC’s Saturday Night Politics discussed the upcoming Democratic debate, the economy, and Iran. He criticized Trump for withdrawing from the Iran nuclear deal.
  • Sanders said at Friday’s NALEO forum that his Medicare for All plan would include healthcare for people in the country without legal permission.
  • Joe Sestak announced he is running for president. In his announcement video, Sestak said, “We must convene the world for two primary objectives: Putting a brake on climate change and putting an end to an illiberal world order’s injustices.”
  • Warren published a post on Medium outlining her plan to ban private prisons and detention facilities.
  • New York Magazine published a profile of Marianne Williamson.
  • Andrew Yang talked about his support for a universal basic income and his opposition to private prisons and cash bail with Al Sharpton on MSNBC.


  • Donald Trump said Friday that he called off a military strike on Iran that he had approved Thursday night in response to a U.S. drone having been shot down in Iranian airspace last week. He cited concerns over casualties as the reason for calling off the strike. Saturday, Trump announced he would delay Immigration and Customs Enforcement raids in 10 major cities for two weeks to give Congress more time to develop a solution.
  • Bill Weld spoke at the New Hampshire Free State Project’s Porcfest event and attended Portsmouth PRIDE events in New Hampshire Saturday.

What We’re Reading

Flashback: June 24, 2015

Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal (R) announced his candidacy for president, bringing the 2016 Republican primary field to 13 notable candidates.