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Stories about Alabama

Two challengers defeat incumbents in Birmingham general runoff election

Birmingham, Ala., held a general runoff election on Oct. 5. The runoff was necessary after no candidate earned a majority of the vote in several races during the general election on Aug. 24. 

Candidates competed for two seats on the nine-seat city council. Challengers defeated incumbents in both districts. J.T. Moore won the District 4 seat against incumbent William Parker, earning 58.4% of the vote to Parker’s 41.6%. In District 9, LaTonya Tate received 51.6% of the vote to defeat incumbent John Hilliard, who received 48.4%.

Candidates also competed for two seats on the nine-seat Birmingham Board of Education. In District 9, Jason Meadows earned 72.1% of the vote, defeating Le’Darius Hilliard with 27.9%. The District 1 race remained too close to call, with only a few votes separating incumbent Douglas Ragland from challenger Sherman Collins Jr.



Young Boozer (R) sworn in as Alabama state treasurer

Young Boozer (R) became the 41st Alabama state treasurer on Oct. 1. Governor Kay Ivey (R) appointed Boozer on Sept. 17, following the resignation of John McMillan (R), effective Sept. 30. McMillan had served as treasurer since 2019.

Boozer previously served as state treasurer from 2011 to 2019. He is the fifth Alabama state treasurer since 1819 that has served two non-consecutive terms as treasurer.

In 2021, Ballotpedia has identified 31 state executive officeholders who have left office before their term end date. Of those, 7 were Republican officeholders, 7 were Democrats, and 17 were nonpartisan.

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Birmingham, Ala., to hold general runoff election Oct. 5

The general runoff election in Birmingham, Ala., is on Oct. 5. The general election was held on Aug. 24, and the filing deadline to run passed on July 10.

General runoffs became necessary after no candidate earned a majority of the vote in four races during the general election in August.

Candidates are competing for two seats on the nine-seat city council. In District 4, incumbent William Parker is facing challenger J.T. Moore. In District 9, incumbent John Hilliard will face challenger LaTonya Tate. 

Candidates will also be competing for two seats on the nine-seat Birmingham City School District Board of Education. In District 1, the candidates are incumbent Douglas Ragland and challenger Sherman Collins Jr. In the District 9 race, Le’Darius Hilliard and Jason Meadows are running for an open seat.

Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama and the 99th-largest city in the U.S. by population.



Special election to be held in Alabama House district

A special election is being held on Sept. 7 for District 78 of the Alabama House of Representatives. Kenyatté Hassell (D) and Loretta Grant (R) are running in the general election.

The special election was called after Kirk Hatcher (D) was elected to the Alabama State Senate in a special election on March 2. Hatcher had represented District 78 since 2018.

Heading into the special election, Republicans have a 76-27 majority in the Alabama House with two vacancies. Alabama has a Republican state government trifecta. A trifecta exists when one political party simultaneously holds the governor’s office and majorities in both state legislative chambers.

As of August, 52 state legislative special elections have been scheduled for 2021 in 19 states. Between 2011 and 2020, an average of 75 special elections took place each year. Alabama held 23 state legislative special elections from 2011 to 2020.

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Birmingham, Ala., holds municipal general election

Birmingham, Ala., held a municipal general election on Aug. 24. Candidates ran in nonpartisan elections for mayor and all nine seats on the city council. The filing deadline to run passed on July 10.

Voters re-elected Mayor Randall L. Woodfin to a second term. He defeated seven other candidates in the nonpartisan mayoral race, earning 64.3% of the vote.

Voters re-elected incumbents in six out of eight districts where an incumbent was running, with one race remaining too close to call as of Aug 25. In District 4, incumbent William Parker and challenger J.T. Moore will face each other in a general runoff election after no candidate in the race earned more than 50% of the vote. The general runoff will take place on Oct. 5.

Carol Clarke won the sole open seat on the council in District 8 with 51.7% of the vote, defeating seven other candidates.

The City Council District 1 race was canceled after incumbent Clinton Woods was the sole candidate who filed to run. 

Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama by population and the 99th-largest city in the U.S. 

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Voters in Birmingham to decide mayoral and city council elections on Aug. 24

The city of Birmingham, Ala., is holding a nonpartisan general election for mayor and city council on Aug. 24. If no candidate receives a majority of the vote, the two candidates with the most votes will advance to the runoff election scheduled for Oct. 5.

In the mayoral race, incumbent Randall L. Woodfin is facing opposition from seven candidates. Former Birmingham Mayor William A. Bell, Cerissa Brown, Napoleon Gonzalez, Philemon Hill, Lashunda Scales, Darryl Williams, and Chris Woods are running against Woodfin in the election. In the 2017 mayoral election, Woodfin defeated Bell with 59% of the vote to become the city’s mayor.

All nine seats on the city council are up for election in 2021. Since District 1 incumbent Clinton Woods was the only candidate to file for that seat, the race was canceled. Woods was re-elected to the city council without appearing on the ballot.

  • District 2: Incumbent Hunter Williams, Lawrence Conaway, Kimberly Jeanty, and Don Scott will face off in the general election. Williams was elected to the city council in 2017 with 71% of the vote.
  • District 3: Incumbent Valerie Abbott will face off against Joseph Casper Baker III, Wil Jones, and Alice Speake in the general election. Abbott has served on the city council since 2001 and was re-elected in 2017 with 65% of the vote.
  • District 4: Incumbent William Parker, Gwendolyn Cook Webb, Scottie McClaney, J.T. Moore, and Qunelius Pettway will face off in the general election. Parker has served on the city council since 2013 and was re-elected in 2017 with 74% of the vote.
  • District 5: Incumbent Darrell O’Quinn, Richard Franklin, Hiram Rahim, Erica Robbins, and Roshanique Taylor are facing off in the election. O’Quinn was elected to the city council in 2017 with 52% of the vote.
  • District 6: Incumbent Crystal Smitherman, Keith Aaron, and Keith Williams are running in the general election. Smitherman was appointed to the city council in March 2019 and was elected to the city council in a 2019 special election with 52% of the vote.
  • District 7: Incumbent Wardine Alexander, La’Toya Lee, Lonnie Malone, and Don Stone are facing off in the general election. Alexander was appointed to the city council in October 2018 and was elected to the city council in a 2019 special election with 54% of the vote.
  • District 8: Carol Clarke, Barbara Files-Kennedy, Lynette Peters, Celida Soto, Adlai Trone, Harry Turner, Denise Webber-Jenkins, and Wanda Wright are running in the election. Incumbent Steven W. Hoyt did not file for re-election.
  • District 9: Incumbent John Hilliard, Eric Hall, David Russell, and LaTonya Tate are facing off in the election. Hilliard was elected to the city council in 2017 with 51% of the vote.

Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama and the 99th-largest city in the U.S. by population. It had an estimated population of 209,403 in 2019, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. In 2021, Ballotpedia is covering municipal elections in 21 counties and 68 cities, including 40 mayoral elections.

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Eight of nine Birmingham City Schools seats on the ballot Aug. 24

The general election for Birmingham City Schools in Alabama is on Aug. 24. If no candidate receives a majority of the vote, the two candidates with the most votes will advance to the general runoff election scheduled for Oct. 5. The filing deadline to run passed on July 10.

Candidates filed for all nine seats on the Birmingham Board of Education. The District 7 race was canceled, and incumbent Walter Wilson was declared re-elected without appearing on the ballot. Wilson won election to the seat in a special election earlier this year. All eight remaining districts will appear on the ballot.

Three incumbents did not file for re-election, meaning one-third of the school board seats are guaranteed to go to newcomers. Four seats will not go to a runoff election because two candidates filed, meaning one candidate will receive a majority of the vote in the general election. Of the remaining four seats, three have three candidates competing, and one has four candidates on the ballot.

By comparison, five incumbents did not seek re-election when the board was last up for election in 2017. After one incumbent was defeated, six seats, or two-thirds of the board, went to newcomers. Five races were decided in runoff elections.

Birmingham City Schools served 23,777 students during the 2017-2018 school year.

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Birmingham City Schools, Alabama

Birmingham City Schools elections (2017)



Alabama House of Representatives District 63 special election set for Feb. 1, 2022

Election officials have scheduled a special election for the District 63 seat in the Alabama House of Representatives for Feb. 1, 2022. The seat became vacant after Bill Poole (R) resigned on July 31 after Gov. Kay Ivey (R) appointed him the director of the Alabama Department of Finance. The primary is on Oct. 19, the primary runoff if no candidate receives a majority of the primary vote is on Nov. 16, and the filing deadline is on Aug. 17.



Alabama state Rep. Bill Poole resigns to become state finance director

Bill Poole (R) resigned from the Alabama House of Representatives on July 31 to accept a position as the director of the Alabama Department of Finance. Gov. Kay Ivey (R) appointed him to the position on July 16, effective Aug. 1, to replace Kelly Butler. Poole represented District 63 from 2010 to 2021. Poole was first elected to the state House on Nov. 2, 2010, and was most recently re-elected in 2018, winning 96.1% of the vote.

Vacancies in the Alabama legislature are filed by special election. If a vacancy occurs on or after Oct. 1 in the year of a regular election, the district will remain vacant until filled at the regular election. Otherwise, the governor must call for a special election if the vacancy happens before the next scheduled general election and the legislature is in session. 

As of Aug. 2, there have been 72 state legislative vacancies in 35 states this year. Fifty of those vacancies have been filled. Of the 72 vacancies, 38 were Republican and 34 were Democratic. Republicans have filled 27 vacancies, while Democrats have filled 23.

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Republicans retain two Alabama state legislative seats in special elections on July 13

Special general elections were held in District 14 of the Alabama State Senate and District 73 of the Alabama House of Representatives on July 13. The primary was held on March 30, and the filing deadline to run passed on Jan. 26. The Republican primary for the House District 73 seat went to a primary runoff on April 27.

In District 14, April Weaver (R) defeated Virginia Applebaum (D) for the seat. Weaver received 89.6% of the unofficial election night vote. The seat was vacated by Cam Ward (R), who was appointed as director of the Alabama Bureau of Pardons and Paroles on Dec. 7. Ward had been a member of the state Senate since 2010. 

In District 73, Kenneth Paschal (R) defeated Sheridan Black (D) for the seat. Paschal received 74.9% of the unofficial election night vote. The seat was vacated by Matt Fridy (R), who was elected to the Alabama Court of Civil Appeals in Nov. 2020. Fridy had been a member of the state House since 2014. 

There is one additional special election scheduled in the state this year. Kenyatté Hassell (D) is facing Loretta Grant (R) in the Sept. 7 general election for the District 78 seat in the state House. Hassell progressed to the general election after winning the special Democratic primary runoff on June 22. Grant advanced to the general after the special Republican primary was canceled. 

The Sept. 7 election will mark the fifth state legislative special election in Alabama in 2021. This is a 10-year high for special elections in the state. The previous yearly high was four special elections in 2013. Alabama held a total of 23 special elections between 2010 and 2020. Alabama held only one special election in 2020 for House District 49.

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Alabama State Senate District 14

Alabama House of Representatives District 73

Alabama House of Representatives District 78

Alabama state legislative special elections, 2013

Alabama state legislative special elections, 2020