Documenting America’s Path to Recovery: June 10, 2020 #Edition #32

Ballotpedia, The Encyclopedia of American Politics

Each day, we:

  • Track the status of reopening in all 50 states.

  • Compare the status of one industry or activity across the country.

  • Provide in-depth summaries of the latest reopening plans.

  • Give you the latest stories on other reopening plans and ideas.

Want to know what happened yesterday? Click here.


The next two days

What is reopening in the next two days? Which stay-at-home orders will expire?

June 11

  • Kentucky (divided government): The Kentucky Horse Park and Kentucky state park campgrounds will be allowed to reopen starting June 11.

June 12

  • Virginia (Democratic trifecta): Gov. Ralph Northam announced that Northern Virginia will enter Phase 2 of the reopening plan Friday, June 12. Much of Virginia entered Phase 2 Friday, June 5. On June 11, cabins and lodges at state parks can reopen to overnight guests. There will be a 24-hour period between check-outs and check-ins to reduce the risk of COVID-19.


Since our last edition

What is open in each state? For a continually updated article on reopening status in all 50 states, click here. For our last edition, click here.

  • Massachusetts (divided government): Bars in Massachusetts will reopen as part of Phase 4 of Gov. Charlie Baker’s (R) reopening plan.  Last week, the administration moved bars without food service from Phase 3 to Phase 4 of reopening.  The change came after officials clarified establishments permitted to serve food are categorized as  restaurants, including breweries, wineries, and distilleries, which were allowed to reopen for outdoor dining as part of Phase 2, which began on June 8.  The City of Boston’s Mayor Marty Walsh announced on June 9 that the city approved more than 200 requests by restaurants to temporarily expand their outdoor dining service into public spaces.

  • Michigan (divided government): Northern Michigan entered phase 5 of the reopening plan, which allows close contact businesses like tattoo parlors and hair salons to reopen at 25% capacity. Additionally, movie theaters and outdoor performance venues can reopen with restrictions.

  • Minnesota (divided government): Minnesota entered Phase Three of its reopening plan Wednesday, June 10. Restaurants can reopen to indoor dining at 50% capacity. Gyms, movie theaters, bowling alleys, and pools are also permitted to reopen with restrictions.

  • Mississippi (Republican trifecta): The Mississippi Department of Education released optional guidance for schools reopening in the fall. It contained recommendations for school districts to choose and implement one of three learning schedules: traditional, hybrid, or online.

  • Missouri (Republican trifecta): The state announced fall reopenings for schools would occur at the discretion of county and school board officials.

  • Nevada (Democratic trifecta): Gov. Steve Sisolak (D) signed an executive order allowing schools to reopen buildings and athletic facilities effective immediately. Nevada is the fifth state to reopen school buildings after closing due to the coronavirus pandemic this spring.

  • New Jersey (Democratic trifecta): Gov. Phil Murphy (D) announced on June 9 that schools in New Jersey could plan to have up to 500 people at outdoor graduations ceremonies starting July 6. Murphy signed two executive orders on June 9.  One raised the limits on indoor (25% capacity or up to 50 people) and outdoor gatherings (up to 100).  The other allows outdoor recreation and entertainment businesses to reopen immediately, with the exception of amusement parks, water parks, and arcades. Murphy also authorized public pools to reopen on June 22.  State parks, forests, and county and municipal parks can reopen to full capacity.  Public and private social clubs are permitted to reopen outdoor spaces, so long as they comply with state guidelines.

  • New York (Democratic trifecta): The Long Island region entered Phase II of Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s (D) reopening plan “NY Forward” on June 10.  It is the ninth out of 10 regions to enter that phase.

  • North Carolina (divided government): On June 9, the North Carolina state Senate voted in favor of House Bill 594. 29 Republicans and seven Democrats voted to approve the bill, and 13 Democrats voted against it.  House Bill 594 will be sent back to the state House for consideration.  If passed, the bill would allow gyms, health clubs, and fitness centers to reopen at 50% capacity and bars to open outdoor service spaces at 50% of the venue’s indoor capacity ahead of Phase 3 of Gov. Roy Cooper’s (D) reopening plan, which is expected to begin June 26.  Under a revised version of the bill, Cooper would be able to re-close those businesses if the number of coronavirus cases should increase if he has agreement from the Council of State.  Cooper vetoed a similar bill, House Bill 536, which would have allowed bars and restaurants to temporarily expand service to outdoor spaces, explaining that the bill would have limited officials’ ability to close establishments should there be another surge in the pandemic.

  • Ohio (Republican trifecta): On June 10, the following businesses and activities were permitted to reopen: aquariums, art galleries, country clubs, ice skating rinks, indoor family entertainment centers, indoor sports facilities, laser tag facilities, indoor movie theaters, museums, playgrounds, public recreation centers, roller skating rinks, social clubs, trampoline parks, and zoos.

  • Oregon (Democratic trifecta): The state released guidelines for schools to reopen for the 2020-2021 school year. Under the plan, individual public and private schools will need to submit an Operational Blueprint for Reentry to their local public health authority before they reopen.

  • Pennsylvania (divided government): The state legislature passed a resolution directing Gov. Tom Wolf to end Pennsylvania’s emergency declaration and lift all business shutdown orders issued in response to the coronavirus. It passed the state Senate 31-19 and the and the House 121-81, with 12 house democrats supporting the measure. Wolf said he will not lift the orders or approve the resolution. The state also released guidance for outdoor recreation businesses and high school and summer sports.

  • Tennessee (Republican trifecta): Gov. Bill Lee (R) announced that limited visitation to nursing homes and long-term care facilities can resume June 15. Facilities that reopen will need to have tested all residents and staff at least once.

  • Virginia (Democratic trifecta): Gov. Ralph Northam (D) announced that schools would reopen to in-person instruction for the 2020-2021 school year. The state released guidance for a three-phase reopening. Phase One has remote learning as the dominant teaching strategy, while Phase Two allows in-person instruction for preschool through third grade, and Phase Three allows in-person instruction for all students. Phase One is effective immediately, but the guidelines and comments from the governor did not indicate when schools could move to additional phases.

  • Wisconsin (divided government): Effective June 10, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources reopened state campgrounds. Campers must make reservations ahead of time, and will need to bring their own firewood.


Update on stay-at-home orders

Forty-three states issued orders directing residents to stay home except for essential activities and the closure or curtailment of  businesses each state deemed nonessential. Seven states did not.

As of June 10, stay-at-home orders have ended in 37 states. Eighteen of those states have Republican governors and 19 have Democratic governors (including Wisconsin, where the state Supreme Court invalidated the stay-at-home order).

Of the six states with active stay-at-home orders, five have Democratic governors and one has a Republican governor. They are (with expiration date):

  • New Hampshire (June 15, Republican governor)

  • New York (June 27, Democratic governor)

  • New Mexico (June 30, Democratic governor)

  • California (no set expiration date, Democratic governor)

  • Kentucky (no set expiration date, Democratic governor)

  • Oregon (no set expiration date, Democratic governor)

Here’s which stay-at-home orders have expired.


Tracking industries: Dine-in services at restaurants

All 50 states have reopened in some way. Here, we give the status of one industry or activity across the states. Today’s question: in which states may you go out for a meal? The map below reflects the loosest restriction imposed at least regionally in a state.

Across the country, 41 states allow for full dine-in services at restaurants. In eight states, dine-in services are restricted to outdoor seating areas only. New Jersey is the only state not to allow dine-in services of any kind at restaurants.  Outdoor dining is expected to reopen when the state moves into Phase 2 of Gov. Phil Murphy’s (D) reopening plan on June 15.




This is an in-depth summary of one of the latest reopening plans. Is there a plan you’d like us to feature? Reply to this email and let us know. Click a state below to read a previous Featured Plan.


Alabama

Delaware

Maine

Missouri

New Mexico

South Carolina

Washington

Arizona

Florida

Maryland

Montana

New York

Tennessee

Arkansas

Georgia

Massachusetts

Nevada

Ohio

Texas

California

Illinois

Michigan

New Hampshire

Oklahoma

Vermont

Colorado

Indiana

Minnesota

New Jersey

Pennsylvania

Virginia


On May 7, Oregon Gov. Kate Brown (D) released initial details of a three-phase reopening plan, including Phase I reopenings and requirements for moving into Phase I.

Brown said, “Today, thanks to millions of Oregonians following the strict physical distancing orders I put in place, I am happy to say these sacrifices have prevented as many as 70,000 COVID-19 infections, and 1,500 hospitalizations in Oregon. We are on track in meeting the goals that doctors and public health experts have laid out for us.”

Thirtyone of Oregon’s 36 counties met criteria to enter Phase 1 on May 15. As of June 10, 29 counties have entered Phase II. Six counties are in Phase I. Multnomah County, home to Portland, is the only county that has not yet entered Phase I.

Brown established the following criteria for entering Phase I. Most criteria are considered by the county or health region.

1. Declining COVID-19 Prevalence

  • Hospitalizations measured by county declining for 14 days

  • Emergency department visits for COVID-like illness below influenza-like illness baseline measured statewide

2. Minimum Testing Regimen

  • 30 tests per 10k population per week

  • Accessible testing for underserved communities

3. Contact Tracing System

  • 15 tracers per 100k population

  • Able to trace 95% of contacts within 24 hours

  • Cultural and linguistic competence

4. Isolation/Quarantine Facilities

  •  Available room capacity

  •  Response narratives for group living outbreaks

5. Finalized Statewide Sector Guidelines

6. Sufficient Healthcare Capacity

  •  20% hospital bed surge capacity

7. Sufficient PPE supply

  • Required daily inventory reporting to [Oregon Health Authority]

  • 30-day supply required; 14-days for small and rural hospitals

  • Sufficient PPE for first responders in the county

Counties must continue meeting Phase I criteria, plus additional criteria to enter Phase II. Those include:

  • Demonstrating the ability to trace new cases within 24 hours

  • Ability to identify where new cases are coming from at least 70% of the time

  • No significant increase in cases

The minimum length of Phase I is 21 days. Phase III is set to begin once a treatment or vaccine is available.

The Oregon Health Authority has issued industry-specific requirements and recommendations for reopening businesses and activities.

Context

  • On March 23, Brown issued a stay-at-home order requiring individuals to stay home as much as possible and practice social distancing outside the home. The order closed certain businesses and required telework wherever possible. Brown signed an executive order on May 14 establishing the three-phase reopening process and continuing stay-at-home measures. The order contained details for Phase I reopenings, replacing the March 23 order. Brown issued an executive order on June 5 with Phase II reopening details, replacing the May 14 order. Multnomah County remains under stay-at-home guidelines from the May 14 order.

  • As of June 9, Oregon had 4,988 confirmed and presumptive cases of COVID-19 and 169 deaths. Oregon’s estimated population as of July 2019 was 4.2 million. For every 100,000 residents, Oregon had 118.3 cases and 4.0 deaths.

  • Oregon is a Democratic trifecta, with a Democratic governor and Democratic majorities in both chambers of the state legislature.

Plan details

County/region process

Timeline

Oregon has 36 counties. The following timeline shows when and how many counties have been allowed to enter phases of the plan. Click here to see each county’s status.

  • May 15: 31 counties could enter Phase I.

  • May 22-23: Marion, Polk, and Clackamas counties could enter Phase I of reopening.

  • June 1: Washington County could enter Phase I.

  • June 5-8: 29 counties could enter Phase II.

Health regions

The Oregon Health Authority established seven health regions into which counties are grouped. The following reopening criteria must be met on the health region level as opposed to the county level:

  • Minimum testing regimen

  • Sufficient healthcare capacity

  • Sufficient personal protective equipment supply

Baseline (Pre-Phase I) and statewide reopenings

May 1

  • “Non-emergency medical care, dentist offices and veterinary care are open and operating, provided they meet required safety guidelines.”

May 5

May 15

  • Stand alone retail operations are open provided they meet required safety and physical distancing guidelines.”

  • Child care is open under certain restrictions, with priority placements for children of health care workers, first responders, and frontline workers.”

  • Day camps are open with restrictions, including maximum stable groups of 10 or fewer children.”

  • “For summer school, limited in-person, small group instruction and/or summer programming is allowed, with certain restrictions.”

June 3

  • Zoos, museums, and gardens were allowed to open statewide with certain guidelines.

Individual/social baseline restrictions

  • “Local cultural, civic and faith gatherings are allowed for up to 25 people provided physical distancing can be in place.”

  • “Local social gatherings over 10 people are prohibited and those under 10 people must use physical distancing.”

Phase I

Businesses

  • Restaurants and bars (tables spaced at least 6 feet apart, employees must wear face coverings, end on-site consumption by 10 p.m., additional guidelines)

  • Personal care services, such as barbershops, hair salons, massage therapy, and nail salons (by appointment only, pre-appointment customer health check, physical distancing between clients, face coverings for employees and clients depending on activity, additional guidelines)

  • Gyms and fitness centers (capacity limits, physical distancing and sanitation guidelines, additional guidelines)

  • Shopping centers and malls (capacity limit, additional guidelines)

  • Remote work required to the maximum extent possible

Individual/social

  • Gathering size limit increases from 10 to 25 (local gatherings, no travel)

  • Local travel only

Phase II

Businesses/sites

  • Theaters, movie theaters, places of worship (ensure adequate ventilation, post signage with information on symptoms and physical distancing, additional guidelines)

  • Bowling, arcades, mini-golf, and other indoor or outdoor entertainment (capacity limit, require employees to wear masks, additional guidelines)

  • Restaurants and bars expanded opening (curfew extended to 12 a.m., additional guidelines)

  • Swimming pools (prohibit staff/attendees with COVID symptoms from entering premises, employees must wear face coverings when not in the water, additional guidelines)

  • No-contact recreational sports (prohibit staff/players with COVID symptoms from participating, discourage high-risk individuals from attending, ensure adequate ventilation, cleaning protocols, additional guidelines)

  • Remote work recommended but not required

Individual/social

  • Gathering limit increases to 50 indoors and 100 outdoors (does not apply to sites with other specified capacity limits)

  • Increased travel, commensurate with reopenings

Phase III

As of June 10, the following details were available on Phase III:

“Large gatherings and events are not possible until reliable treatment or prevention is available. As a result, these are canceled or significantly modified through at least September.”

Possible reopenings:

  • “Concerts, conventions, festivals, live-audience sports (tentative & subject to change)”

Further guidance for individuals

  • Vulnerable populations must still stay at home

  • Limited visits to nursing homes, hospitals

  • Limited gatherings

  • Limited travel

  • Increased hygiene, cleaning, and sanitation

  • Stay home when sick

  • Wear face coverings when in public

  • Use of personal protective equipment when in close quarters

Reactions

  • On May 7, state Rep. Mark Owens (R) said, “It’s a good day for Oregon. There’s a light at the end of the tunnel. … Small businesses are the backbone of my community, my district, and they’re the backbone of this state. … We need to get them back to normal as soon as possible.”

  • On May 7, state Rep. Daniel Bonham (R) said, “We’ve been proceeding down a path to try and meet some Phase I guidelines and get people back to work … and a little bit of that was modified today. … Goal posts were changed, and areas of the state were not reflected in the guidelines. [I] certainly did not anticipate statements of large group activities not happening prior to the end of September.”



Additional activity

In this section, we feature examples of activities by other federal, state, and local governments and influencers relevant to recovering from the pandemic. 

  • Officials in New Orleans decided to move the city into the second phase of Louisiana’s reopening plan starting June 13. The rest of the state entered Phase Two on June 6.

  • AMC Entertainment announced plans to reopen almost all its U.S. and U.K. theaters in July.

  • Major League Soccer announced plans to resume its season July 8. Fans may not attend games.

  • Talleywhacker, Inc. d/b/a Arizona Pete’s Country Music Saloon et al v. The Honorable Roy A. Cooper, III – On June 8, Judge Louise Wood Flanagan for the Eastern District of North Carolina, who was appointed to the bench by former President George W. Bush, denied a temporary restraining order filed by at least 28 strip clubs in seven counties.  The restraining order would have allowed strip clubs to reopen during litigation. The strip clubs filed a complaint challenging Gov. Roy Cooper’s (D) Executive Order 141, which authorized the state to move into Phase 2 of Cooper’s reopening plan.  Under that phase, gyms, bars, or entertainment venues are prohibited to reopen. Flanagan ruled that the plaintiffs in the case lacked the same urgency to reopen as restaurants do.  In her ruling, Flanagan wrote, “(Gov. Roy Cooper) has taken intricate steps to craft reopening policies to balance the public health and economic issues associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, while recognizing the continued severe risks associated with reopening, and where neither the court nor plaintiffs are better positioned to second-guess those determinations, the public interest does not weigh in favor of injunctive relief.”      

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About the author

Cory Eucalitto

Cory Eucalitto is a managing editor at Ballotpedia. Contact us at editor@ballotpedia.org.

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