Documenting America’s Path to Recovery: June 15, 2020

Each day, we:

  • Track the status of reopening in all 50 states.
  • Compare the status of one industry or activity across the country.
  • Provide in-depth summaries of the latest reopening plans.
  • Give you the latest stories on other reopening plans and ideas.

Want to know what happened Friday? Click here.

The next two days

What is reopening in the next two days? Which stay-at-home orders will expire?

June 16

  • Missouri (Republican trifecta): The state will enter the second phase of reopening on June 16. Phase Two will completely lift statewide restrictions and health orders. Local officials will still be able to implement more stringent regulations. Gyms and pools are reopening in St. Louis on June 15.
  • Hawaii (Democratic trifecta): Self-quarantine requirements will be lifted for inter-island travelers on June 16. Travelers will need to fill out a mandatory Travel and Health Form. Hawaii County is allowing most businesses and activities to reopen on June 15, except for bars, nightclubs, public pools, large venues (like sports stadiums and concert halls), and road races (like marathons).
  • New York (Democratic trifecta): On June 16, Western New York will become the sixth out of 10 regions to enter Phase Three of the reopening plan. The Capital region will follow on June 17. On June 14, Cuomo announced that groups of up to 25 people will be allowed in Phase Three (up from 10 people). Low-risk youth sports can resume as part of Phase Three on July 6. On June 14, said the state had received 25,000 complaints filed against businesses for violating state restrictions, including large gatherings being held and people not wearing face coverings in public. Cuomo said, “If we have a high number of violations of the policy which is tantamount to a high likelihood of the spread of the virus, and the local governments are not monitoring policing, doing the compliance, yes there is a very real possibility that we would roll back the reopening in those areas. The only alternative would be to pause the entire reopening.”

June 17

Since our last edition

What is open in each state? For a continually updated article on reopening status in all 50 states, click here. For our last edition, click here.

  • Arkansas (Republican trifecta): The state entered into Phase Two of its reopening plan. Phase Two allows open businesses with a capacity limit to increase that limit, although they are not allowed to operate at full capacity.
  • Delaware (Democratic trifecta): The state entered into Phase Two of its reopening plan. Restaurants, retail stores, and malls increased in capacity from 30% to 60%. Personal care services and gyms remained at 30% capacity.
  • Idaho (Republican trifecta): Idaho moved into the fourth phase of reopening on June 13. Phase Four permits all businesses to open, including nightclubs and large sporting venues. It also allows gatherings of more than 50 people. Visits to jails and nursing homes can resume.
  • Indiana (Republican trifecta): Effective June 15, casinos and charity gaming sites can reopen, subject to Indiana Gaming Commission approval.
  • Kentucky (divided government): Effective June 15, center-based child-care programs and day camps are allowed to reopen. Low-touch youth sports are also allowed to resume.
  • Michigan (divided government): Overnight residential, travel, and troop camps were allowed to reopen on June 15. Select K-12 school sports and other extracurricular activities were also allowed to resume.
  • Nevada (Democratic trifecta): Nevada’s Department of Motor Vehicles reopened with limited service on June 15. Some state museums reopened on June 15 and others have announced plans to reopen through July 3.
  • New Hampshire (divided government): Gov. Chris Sununu (R) announced that the state’s stay-at-home order will expire on June 15 at 11:59 p.m. This will also end the 10-person limit on gatherings. Sununu said he would not set a new limit. On June 15, the following businesses were permitted to reopen: amateur sports, bowling, arcades, laser tag and billiard halls, charitable gaming, gyms and fitness centers (50% capacity), libraries, motorcycle rides, museums and art galleries, outdoor attractions, outdoor race tracks, public, campground and commercial pools, road races, and tourist trains. Low physical contact amateur sports, such as baseball and softball, were allowed to resume, and indoor recreational facilities could reopen at 50% capacity. Funeral homes could reopen and weddings could resume. In-restaurant dining capacity could rise if there’s enough floor space to maintain social distancing in six counties—Belknap, Coos, Carrol, Cheshire, Sullivan, and Grafton. In-restaurant dining could resume at 50% capacity in Rockingham, Hillsborough, Merrimack and Strafford counties. Movie theaters and amusement parks may reopen on June 29.
  • New Jersey (Democratic trifecta): The state moved into Stage 2 of its reopening plan on June 15. Outdoor dining and retail could reopen at 50% capacity. Child daycare centers and libraries (curbside pick up only) could also reopen on that day. Public and private pools and personal care services such as hair salons can reopen on June 22. Youth summer programs may resume on July 6. Places of worship could reopen indoor services if they comply with the state’s guidelines on mass gatherings. Gyms and fitness (limited capacity), limited in-person government services, and museums will also be able to resume, though no dates for reopening have been set.
  • New Mexico (Democratic trifecta): Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham (D) announced indoor service at restaurants could resume at 50% capacity on June 15. Parties are limited to six people and must be spaced for social distancing. Bar and counter service remains closed.
  • North Carolina (divided government): North Carolina Attorney General Josh Stein sent a letter to gyms clarifying Gov. Roy Cooper’s (D) current executive order, which will allow some gyms to reopen ahead of Cooper’s reopening plan. Stein said that the use of indoor gyms and facilities is allowed when prescribed or directed by a medical professional. Under Cooper’s reopening plan, gyms may not open until Phase Three, which could begin on June 26.
  • Oklahoma (Republican trifecta): Gov. Kevin Stitt (R) announced that nursing homes and long-term care facilities can begin a phased reopening on June 15. For visitation to resume, the facility must not have had coronavirus cases for two weeks and follow protocols, including appropriate staffing levels and personal protective equipment.
  • Vermont (divided government): Gov. Phil Scott extended Vermont’s state of emergency through July 15. The state of emergency gives Scott the authority to reopen the economy in steps and is not the same thing as the stay-at-home order, which expired in May. Additionally, effective June 15, out-of-state travelers to Vermont will need to complete either a 14-day quarantine or a 7-day quarantine followed by a negative COVID-19 test result.

Update on stay-at-home orders

Forty-three states issued orders directing residents to stay home except for essential activities and the closure or curtailment of businesses each state deemed nonessential. Seven states did not.

As of June 15, stay-at-home orders have ended in 38 states. Nineteen of those states have Republican governors and 19 have Democratic governors (including Wisconsin, where the state Supreme Court invalidated the stay-at-home order). This total includes New Hampshire, where the stay-at-home order ends at 11:59 p.m. on June 15.

The five states with active stay-at-home orders have Democratic governors. They are (with expiration date):

  • New York (June 27)
  • New Mexico (June 30)
  • California (no set expiration date)
  • Kentucky (no set expiration date)
  • Oregon (no set expiration date)

Here’s which stay-at-home orders have expired.

Tracking industries: Hotels

All 50 states began to reopen in some way. Here, we give the status of one industry or activity across the states. Today’s question: in which states may you book a stay in a hotel?

This is an in-depth summary of one of the latest reopening plans. Is there a plan you’d like us to feature? Reply to this email and let us know. Click a state below to read a previous Featured Plan.

Alabama Delaware Maine Montana Ohio Texas
Arizona Florida Maryland Nevada Oklahoma Vermont
Arkansas Georgia Massachusetts New Hampshire Oregon Virginia
California Idaho Michigan New Jersey Pennsylvania Washington
Colorado Illinois Minnesota New Mexico South Carolina
Connecticut Indiana Missouri New York Tennessee

On April 27, Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds (R) announced a slate of businesses set to reopen with certain requirements in 77 of the state’s 99 counties. Since then, she has issued a series of proclamations further reopening the state.

On the 27th, Reynolds said the state was expanding COVID-19 testing. She said, “We can take a targeted approach to loosening restrictions on businesses in counties where there is no virus activity or where virus activity has been consistently low and showed a downward trend.” Reynolds has also cited healthcare system capacity as a metric guiding her reopening decisions.

Iowa was one of seven states that did not issue a stay-at-home order (along with Arkansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming). Reynolds issued a proclamation closing certain businesses and limiting gathering sizes on March 17.


  • Reynolds signed a proclamation closing restaurants, bars, fitness centers, casinos, theaters, and other businesses March 17. The proclamation also limited gathering sizes to 10 people. Reynolds issued a series of subsequent proclamations allowing businesses to reopen. She lifted the gathering limit on June 1, replacing it with other capacity guidelines.
  • As of June 14, Iowa had 24,039 positive COVID-19 cases and 652 reported deaths. Iowa’s estimated population as of July 2019 was 3.2 million. For every 100,000 residents, Iowa had 761.9 cases and 20.7 deaths.
  • Iowa is a Republican trifecta, with a Republican governor and Republican majorities in both chambers of the state legislature.

Plan details

May 1

In 77 counties, the following businesses were allowed to reopen at 50% of normal operating capacity and with additional requirements. Some requirements are listed below.

  • Restaurants (groups no larger than 6, at least 6 feet between groups or people dining alone, bars remain closed, increased hygiene)
  • Fitness centers, gyms, health spas (equipment at least 6 feet apart, activities/classes limited to 10 people with 6 feet of social distance, increased hygiene)
  • Libraries (increased hygiene, social distancing measures)
  • Malls/retail stores (common seating areas remain closed, increased hygiene, social distancing measures)
  • Race tracks (no in-person spectators)


  • Statewide, the limit on groups to no more than 10 people was lifted for religious gatherings (social distancing and hygiene measures required)

See Reynolds’ proclamation summary for additional requirements and details.

May 8

The 22 counties that could not reopen on May 1 were permitted to reopen the following May 8:

  • Fitness centers, gyms, health spas (by appointment only, one customer at a time, increased hygiene)
  • Malls/retail stores (50% capacity limit, common seating areas closed, social distancing measures and increased hygiene)

The following were allowed to reopen/resume statewide:

  • Dental services (in compliance with Iowa Dental Board reopening guidelines)
  • Campgrounds (measures to ensure social distancing and increased hygiene)
  • Drive-in movie theaters (cars at least 6 feet apart, increased hygiene)
  • Tanning salons (measures to ensure social distancing, increased hygiene)
  • Medical spas (requirements in Section Ten, paragraph A here)

See the proclamation summary here for further requirements and details.

May 15

In the 22 counties exempt from the first proclamation’s reopenings, the following could reopen May 15:

  • Restaurants (50% capacity limit, groups no larger than 6, at least 6 feet between groups or people dining alone, bars remain closed, increased hygiene)
  • Fitness centers, gyms, health spas (50% capacity limit, equipment at least 6 feet apart, activities/classes limited to 10 people with social distancing, increased hygiene)
  • Libraries (50% capacity limit, increased hygiene, social distancing measures)
  • Race tracks (no in-person spectators)

The following could reopen statewide:

  • Salons, barbershops (50% capacity limit, by appointment only, 6 feet of distance between customers, increased hygiene)
  • Massage and tattoo establishments  (increased hygiene, social distancing measures)

See the proclamation summary here for further requirements and details.

May 22

The following could reopen or resume statewide:

  • Movie theaters (50% capacity limit, 6 feet of distance between groups/individuals attending alone, increased hygiene)
  • Zoos, aquariums, and museums (increased hygiene, social distancing measures)
  • Swimming pools (for lap swimming and swimming lessons, increased hygiene, social distancing measures)
  • Wedding receptions (under requirements for restaurants in Section Two, paragraph A of the May 13 proclamation)

See the proclamation summary here for further requirements and details.

May 28

The following could reopen or resume statewide.

  • Bars and restaurants (50% capacity limit, no more than 10 people seated together, social distancing between groups/patrons dining or drinking alone, barriers may satisfy social distancing requirement, increased hygiene)
  • Fitness center/gym class size limit of 10 lifted, replaced with whatever limit facilitates 6 feet of distance between attendees at all times

Read the proclamation here for further details and requirements.

June 1

The following could reopen.

  • Outdoor performance venues (50% capacity limit, social distancing between groups/individuals attending alone, increased hygiene)
  • Casinos (50% capacity limit, social distancing by spacing stations 6 feet apart or using barriers, increased hygiene)
  • Amusement, e.g., bowling alleys, amusement parks, arcades (50% capacity limit, measures for social distancing and hygiene)
  • Skating rinks, skate parks (50% capacity limit, measures for social distancing and increased hygiene)
  • Race tracks with spectators (50% capacity limit, social distancing between groups/individuals attending alone, increased hygiene)
  • Outdoor playgrounds
  • Summer school activities (“consistent with guidance of the Iowa Department of Education, the Iowa High School Athletic Association, and the Iowa Girls High School Athletic Union”)


  • Gathering size limit of 10 was lifted (indoor/outdoor events limited to 50% capacity. For outdoor areas without capacity limits, gathering must be limited to whatever number permits social distancing)
  • Non-school sports/recreation allowed (reasonable social distancing measures, increased hygiene)

Read the proclamation here for further details and requirements.

June 12

  • Reynolds lifted the 50% capacity limit on establishments/activities to which it applied, while still requiring social distancing.
  • Senior centers and adult daycares were allowed to reopen if they comply with Iowa Department of Public Health guidance.

Read the proclamation here.

General guidance

The Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) released a guidance document with reopening recommendations for all entities.

IDPH released additional guidance for direct client services (including salons, barbershops, massage therapy practices, tattoo parlors, and medical spas) and long-term care facilities.

Guidance for individuals

Reynolds’ proclamation effective June 12 said the following:

I continue to strongly encourage all vulnerable Iowans, including those with preexisting medical conditions and those older than 65, in all counties of the state to continue to limit their activities outside of their home, including their visits to businesses and other establishments and their participation in gatherings of any size and any purpose. And I encourage all Iowans to limit their in-person interactions with vulnerable Iowans and to exercise particular care and caution when engaging in any necessary interactions.


  • On March 23, Des Moines Mayor Frank Cownie called for a statewide stay-at-home order. He said, “I’m concerned that if we don’t act now, we’re going to see an outbreak here not unlike what is being seen in Chicago or Washington. … We’re ahead of it right now, but we need to act.”
  • On March 24, Sarah Reisetter, deputy director of the Iowa Department of Public Health, said, “It’s important to understand that sheltering in place for two or three weeks will not cause the coronavirus to go away. … That’s because this virus is circulating around the world and can be reintroduced into communities from different places.”
  • On April 24, nine Republican state representatives issued a statement saying Reynolds was “doing her best to show respect for individual liberties by not issuing shelter-in-place orders.” The representatives also said, “Recognizing the profound importance of religious liberty, we support the lifting of the prohibition against religious services as soon as possible and support guidelines for safe worship, believing that Iowa’s faith-based community can be trusted to make wise decisions.”
  • On May 14, Linn County Supervisor Stacey Walker said Reynolds’ reopening plan did not align with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance. He said other states were “benefiting from a more cautious and pragmatic approach.” Walker questioned the 50% capacity limit for retail stores and how it would be enforced. He said, “Until we get answers to those questions, we must continue to be vigilant. … If you feel you cannot social distance in a hair salon or a department store, don’t go. If you don’t feel comfortable dining in a restaurant, continue getting takeout or delivery until you do.” On May 15, Linn County Public Health released guidance for a phased reopening.

Additional activity

In this section, we feature examples of activities by other federal, state, and local governments and influencers relevant to recovering from the pandemic.

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released guidance for event planners and for individuals deciding whether to go out. The guidance for event planners assigned risk levels to different gathering types and offers guidance on sanitation, hygiene, social distancing, ventilation, signage, and more. The guidance recommends requiring staff to wear cloth face coverings and encouraging their use among attendees. The guidance for individuals deciding whether to go out includes a list of questions for people to ask themselves, including whether COVID-19 is spreading in their community, what their local orders are, whether they are at risk for severe illness and if the activity will put them in close contact with others.
  • Baltimore, Maryland, allowed retailers to reopen to 50% capacity on June 12 but did not allow indoor dining to resume. Gov. Larry Hogan (R) allowed indoor dining to resume in the state on June 12, but municipalities are allowed to lift restrictions at their own pace. Hogan criticized Baltimore Mayor Jack Young for keeping indoor dining closed. Young said city officials would decide on June 17 whether to advance to Phase Two of the state’s reopening plan after reviewing data following protests and Memorial Day weekend. Statewide, Maryland entered Phase Two on June 5.
  • In Ohio, Erie County Common Pleas Court Judge Roger Binette granted a preliminary injunction to Kalahari Resorts & Conventions on June 12, allowing it to reopen despite a state health order prohibiting its reopening. Binette said the ruling only affected Kalahari water park. He said a state law granting the state health department director authority to make and enforce policy was unconstitutional.
  • Ohio State University football players and their parents will be required to sign the “Buckeye Pledge” before being allowed back to campus for voluntary summer workouts. The pledge asks players to take responsibility for their health, help stop the spread of COVID-19, and acknowledge that exposure to the virus is a possibility. Players also need to submit to testing.
  • MGM Northfield Park in Ohio announced that the casino plans to reopen on June 20 at 50% capacity. Other precautions will include rearranging slot machines to allow for social distancing and temporarily prohibiting valet parking.
  • On June 12, state Superior Court Judge Robert Lougy issued a preliminary injunction barring Asbury Park, New Jersey, from proceeding with its plan to resume indoor dining service at restaurants and bars. On June 10, the city council had voted to resume indoor dining service at 25% capacity (up to 50 people), effective June 15. Gov. Phil Murphy (D), whose statewide reopening plan does not yet permit restaurants and bars to resume dine-in service, challenged the move, which prompted Lougy’s June 12 order.