Documenting America’s Path to Recovery: June 23, 2020

Each day, we:

  • Track the status of reopening in all 50 states.
  • Compare the status of one industry or activity across the country.
  • Provide in-depth summaries of the latest reopening plans.
  • Give you the latest stories on other reopening plans and ideas.

Want to know what happened yesterday? Click here.

The next two days

What is reopening in the next two days? Which stay-at-home orders will expire?

June 24

  • New York (Democratic trifecta): The Long Island region is expected to move into Phase 3 of Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s (D) reopening plan on June 24. It will be the ninth region to move into that phase. The Mid-Hudson Valley region moved into Phase 3 on June 23. In that phase, indoor dining can resume at 50% capacity and indoor gathering limits can increase from 10 to 25 people.
  • Oregon (Democratic trifecta): Gov. Kate Brown’s (D) mandatory mask order will take effect in Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas, Hood River, Marion, Polk, and Lincoln counties on June 24. It will require individuals to wear face coverings at public indoor spaces (like grocery stores).

Since our last edition

What is open in each state? For a continually updated article on reopening status in all 50 states, click here. For our last edition, click here.

  • California (Democratic trifecta): Gov. Gavin Newsom (D) said he would consider reclosing portions of the state’s economy if positive case rates and hospitalizations continue to increase. Newsom confirmed that 54 of 58 counties had met the state’s criteria to proceed to Phase Two of reopening, but officials were closely monitoring metrics in 11 counties.
  • Kansas (Divided government): Gov. Laura Kelly (D) recommended the state remain in Phase Three of the reopening plan due to an upward trend in positive cases. In late May, Kelly delegated reopening decision-making authority to local governments.
  • Louisiana (divided government): Gov. John Bel Edwards (D) extended the state’s Phase Two order for 28 days, citing a rise in coronavirus cases.
  • Maine (Democratic trifecta): Gov. Janet Mills (D) announced bars in the state would not be able to reopen for indoor service on July 1 as part of Phase Three. Bars are allowed to continue outdoor service.
  • Massachusetts (Divided government): The Massachusetts Gaming Commission approved reopening plans for the state’s three casinos—Encore Boston Harbor, MGM Springfield, and Plainridge Park. No reopening dates have been set.
  • Michigan (divided government): Gov. Gretchen Whitmer (D) announced that most of the state won’t advance to the fifth phase of reopening this week. While the Upper Peninsula and the Traverse City Region are in phase five, the state’s six other regions will remain in phase four.
  • South Carolina (Republican trifecta): The state’s AccelerateED task force released final guidelines for reopening schools in the fall. Recommendations include mask requirements for students and faculty, social distancing measures, and 50% capacity limits for school busses.
  • Virginia (Democratic trifecta): Gov. Ralph Northam (D) announced the commonwealth would enter Phase Three of the reopening plan on July 1. In Phase Three, gatherings of up to 250 people will be permitted, and retailers and restaurants will no longer have capacity restrictions.
  • West Virginia (Republican trifecta): Effective June 22, outdoor sporting events with spectators and youth sports games were allowed to resume as part of Week 9 of the reopening plan. Week 9 also permits outdoor equestrian events with spectators and summer youth camps.

Update on stay-at-home orders

Forty-three states issued orders directing residents to stay home except for essential activities and the closure or curtailment of businesses each state deemed nonessential. Seven states did not.

As of June 23, stay-at-home orders have ended in 39 states. Nineteen of those states have Republican governors and 20 have Democratic governors (including Wisconsin, where the state Supreme Court invalidated the stay-at-home order).

The four states with active stay-at-home orders have Democratic governors. They are (with expiration date):

  • New York (June 27)
  • New Mexico (June 30)
  • California (no set expiration date)
  • Kentucky (no set expiration date)

Here’s which stay-at-home orders have expired.

Tracking industries: Nursing home visitation

All 50 states are reopening in some way. Here, we give the status of one industry or activity across the states. Today’s question: in which states may you visit someone in a nursing home? This does not include end-of-life or other emergency-related visits. Visits limited to family members only, or that are only allowed outdoors, are counted as “visitors allowed” in the chart and map below.

This is an in-depth summary of one of the latest reopening plans. Is there a plan you’d like us to feature? Reply to this email and let us know. Click a state below to read a previous Featured Plan.

Alabama Delaware Iowa Montana Ohio Texas
Alaska Florida Maine Nevada Oklahoma Vermont
Arizona Georgia Maryland New Hampshire Oregon Virginia
Arkansas Hawaii Massachusetts New Jersey Pennsylvania Washington
California Idaho Michigan New Mexico Rhode Island West Virginia
Colorado Illinois Minnesota New York South Carolina
Connecticut Indiana Missouri North Carolina Tennessee


On March 24, Gov. Gary Herbert (R) released the first version of “Utah Leads Together.” The first phase of the plan called for aggressive social distancing to reduce the person-to-person transmission rate to 1 to 1 within 30 days. On March 27, Herbert issued a “Stay Safe, Stay Home” directive requesting that all Utahns practice social distancing and stay home whenever possible. The directive was not a stay-at-home or shelter-in-place order. Herbert also issued several statewide directives and orders that placed restrictions on individuals and businesses.

On April 17, Herbert released “Utah Leads Together 2.0,” which clarified the stages of reopening first laid out in version 1.0. The plan instituted a color-coded health guidance system to move the state through different reopening phases.

Herbert released “Utah Leads Together 3.0” on May 20, focused on the state’s high-risk populations and multi-cultural communities. He released “Utah Leads Together 4.0” on June 17, which provides a plan for economic recovery over the next 100, 250, and 500 days.


  • Although Gov. Herbert did not issue a stay-at-home order, he did issue a “Stay Safe, Stay Home” directive on March 27 that urged Utahns to stay home whenever possible and socially distance. On April 10, Herbert extended the directive through May 1.
  • As of June 23, Utah had 17,906 positive COVID-19 cases and 158 deaths. Utah’s population was an estimated 3,205,958 as of July 2019. For every 100,000 residents, Utah had 558.6 cases and 4.9 deaths.
  • Utah is a Republican trifecta. Republicans control the governor’s office and hold majorities in the House and Senate.

Plan details

When it was released on March 24, “Utah Leads Together 1.0” had three phases of recovery—an urgent phase, a stabilization phase, and a recovery phase. The urgent phase was estimated to last for 8-12 weeks. The stabilization phase was estimated to last between 10-14 weeks. The recovery phase was estimated to last 8-10 weeks.

“Utah Leads Together 2.0,” released on April 17, introduced a color-coded reopening. Each phase’s color corresponds to a level of risk. Each phase also gradually eased restrictions. The guidance system started at red (high risk), and then moved to orange (moderate risk), yellow (low risk), and ended at green (new normal).

As of June 23, only Salt Lake City remains in the orange phase of reopening. Nineteen counties have advanced to the yellow phase, and 10 counties have advanced to the green phase.

Red phase

On April 17, all of Utah was in the red phase (high risk), the most restrictive phase of the reopening plan. Gatherings were limited to 10 people or less, and out-of-state travelers were required to fill out a travel declaration upon entering the state. High-risk individuals, which the state defines as people over the age 65, people living in long-term care facilities, and people with certain underlying medical conditions, were subject to different guidelines developed by the Utah Department of Health through all phases of reopening.

On April 17, most Utah state parks reopened. On April 21, Herbert issued a public health order allowing some elective medical procedures to resume.

Orange phase

On April 29, Herbert signed an order moving Utah from the red phase to the orange phase of reopening effective May 1, instituting the first broad change in the restrictions imposed in March.

The move to orange eased a number of restrictions on businesses and individuals. The following businesses were allowed to reopen with restrictions:

  • Indoor dining at restaurants
    • Restrictions include face coverings for employees, frequent handwashing and use of disinfectant, and six feet of distance between tables or workstations
  • Gyms
    • Staff must disinfect equipment after each use
  • Personal services (barbers, nail salons, massage therapists, etc)
    • Symptom-checking all staff, appointments only, 6 feet of distanced maintained in waiting areas and whenever services aren’t being directly provided
  • Gatherings limited to 20 people or less

Yellow phase

On May 16, Herbert issued an order moving much of Utah to the yellow phase, further easing restrictions. Some cities and counties with high rates of coronavirus cases were required to remain in the orange phase, including Salt Lake City. Under the yellow phase, all businesses were allowed to reopen if they followed industry-specific guidelines, and gatherings of up to 50 people were permitted. Herbert wrote on Twitter that, under the yellow phase, “there are no economic activities that are categorically prohibited if common-sense precautions are in place.”

Although the guidelines under the yellow phase varied by industry, they generally required social distancing when feasible, symptom-checking employees, and face coverings for employees.

On May 21, Herbert signed an order moving Summit and Wasatch countries from orange to yellow. On May 22, Herbert moved the municipalities of Bluff and Mexican Hat from yellow to orange, reflecting a growing health risk in the surrounding area. On May 29, more counties were moved into the yellow phase.

Green phase

On June 12, Kane County became the first area in Utah to advance to the green phase. According to the overview of guidelines for the general public:

  • General public follows current federal and local public health precautions
  • Use of face coverings in businesses and social settings is encouraged when physical distancing is not feasible
  • All businesses are operating and encouraged to follow General Guidelines for Employers

On June 17, Herbert released “Utah Leads Together 4.0,” which builds on the previous three plans and provides a blueprint for economic recovery over the next 100, 250, and 500 days. The plan calls for Utahns to do three things:

  • Follow public health guidelines
  • Stay engaged with the economy
  • Assist those in need

According to the plan, Utah remains in the stabilization phase of the three-phase recovery plan first outlined in “Utah Leads 1.0.” However, the plan says Utah is nearing the recovery phase, which is a return to stability and positive growth.

In the 100-day horizon, the plan focuses on returning furloughed or inactive employees to work, connecting unemployed Utahs with jobs, and using CARES Act funding and other sources of stimulus to jumpstart economic recovery. In the 250-day horizon, the plan focuses on investment and productivity, including infrastructure and construction-ready projects. The 500-day horizon looks ahead at where the world economy is going and investigates steps necessary to ensure prosperity for Utah over the next 5,000 days.

Additional activity

In this section, we feature examples of activities by other federal, state, and local governments and influencers relevant to recovering from the pandemic.

  • Washington D.C. entered Phase 2 of its reopening plan Monday, June 22, allowing restaurants to offer indoor service and gyms to reopen. Dining rooms are limited to 50% capacity. Gyms and workout facilities can only allow five people per 1,000 square feet.
  • Three Baltimore, Maryland attractions—the Maryland Zoo, B&O Railroad Museum, and the Baltimore Museum of Art—will open this week as part of Maryland’s Phase 2 reopening. The Maryland Zoo will open to members only on June 24, and to the general public on June 27. B&O Railroad Museum will reopen on June 25, and will ask patrons to wear face coverings or masks. The Baltimore Museum of Art’s outdoor sculpture garden will reopen on June 24, though the gallery will remain closed.
  • MGM National Harbor in Maryland is set to reopen on June 29 at 50% capacity.
  • Route 66 Casino and RV Resort in New Mexico announced plans to reopen at 50% capacity at the end of the week. The company will enforce social distancing measures, temperature checks, and require masks.
  • The 30 teams that make up the Major League Baseball voted unanimously on a plan to start a 60-game season around July 24. Spring Training could resume on July 1 if MLB Commissioner Rob Manfred formally implements the plan and players agree to a health-and-safety protocol.