President Joe Biden (D) has appointed and the Senate has confirmed eight Article III federal judges through August 1 of his first year in office. This is the largest number of Article III judicial appointments through this point in all presidencies going back to President Ronald Reagan (R). The Senate had confirmed five of President Donald Trump’s (R) appointees at this point in his term.
The average number of federal judges appointed by a president through August 1 of their first year in office is three.
The median number of Supreme Court justices appointed at this point in a presidency is zero. Of the last seven presidents, only Trump had a confirmed Supreme Court justice at this point in his term.
The median number of United States Court of Appeals appointees at this point is one. Trump and Biden appointed the most with three each. Presidents Reagan, Bill Clinton (D), and Barack Obama (D) appointed the fewest with zero.
The median number of United States District Court appointees at this point in a term is two. Biden appointed the most with five. Clinton and Obama appointed the fewest with zero.
Article III federal judges are appointed for life terms by the president of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate per Article III of the United States Constitution. Article III judges include judges on the: Supreme Court of the United States, U.S. courts of appeal, U.S. district courts, and the Court of International Trade.