Detroit voters approve reparations and entheogenic plants measures, reject measure on initiative appropriations 

Voters in Detroit, Michigan, decided three ballot measures on Nov. 2, including two citizen-initiated initiatives and an advisory question. Proposal E (decriminalization of entheogenic plants such as psilocybin) and Proposal R (reparations committee creation) were approved. Proposal S was defeated.

Proposal E was designed to decriminalize the possession and therapeutic use of entheogenic plants, including psilocybin mushrooms, peyote, and iboga. The ballot initiative received 61% of the vote. As of 2021, at least 10 local governments, including Ann Arbor in Michigan, had passed laws that decriminalized psilocybin or changed law enforcement priorities regarding psilocybin. Two of these laws passed as ballot measures in Denver, Colorado, and Washington, D.C., making Detroit Proposal E the third ballot measure to decriminalize psilocybin. In 2020, voters approved Oregon Measure 109, which created a program for administering psilocybin, such as psilocybin-producing mushrooms and fungi, to individuals aged 21 years or older.

Proposal R advised the Detroit City Council to establish a reparations committee to recommend housing and economic development programs for Black residents. The ballot measure received 80% of the vote. In June 2021, the city council unanimously passed a resolution that “establishes a reparations process to, within the next year, develop short, medium and long term recommendations to specifically address the creation of generational wealth and to boost economic mobility and opportunity in the black community.” The committee proposed by the advisory question would be a part of the recommendation process. Greenbelt, Maryland, approved a ballot measure to create a reparations committee on Nov. 2 as well.

Measure S was rejected, with 54% of electors voting ‘No.’ Measure S would have removed language from the Detroit City Charter that prohibited initiatives from appropriating funds.