Monthly tracker: Article III federal judicial nominations by president by days in office since 2001

Through June 1, 2022, there were 890 authorized federal judicial posts and 77 vacancies. Seventy-five of those were for Article III judgeships. This report is limited to Article III courts, where appointees are confirmed to lifetime terms.

  • In the past month, six judges have been confirmed
  • In the past month, eight judges have been nominated*

*Note: This figure includes nomination announcements in addition to nominations officially received in the Senate.

By June 1, after 498 days in office, President Joe Biden (D) had nominated 96 judges to Article III judgeships. For historical comparison: 

  • President Donald Trump (R) had nominated 141 individuals, 84 of which were ultimately confirmed to their positions.
  • President Barack Obama (D) had nominated 76 individuals, 64 of which were confirmed.
  • President George W. Bush (R) had nominated 143 individuals, 86 of which were confirmed.

The following data visualizations track the number of Article III judicial nominations by president by days in office during the Biden, Trump, Obama, and W. Bush administrations (2001-present). 

The first tracker is limited to successful nominations, where the nominee was ultimately confirmed to their respective court:

The second tracker counts all Article III nominations, including unsuccessful nominations (for example, the nomination was withdrawn or the U.S. Senate did not vote on the nomination), renominations of individuals to the same court, and recess appointments. A recess appointment is when the president appoints a federal official while the Senate is in recess.

The data contained in these charts is compiled by Ballotpedia staff from publicly available information provided by the Federal Judicial Center. The comparison by days shown between the presidents is not reflective of the overall status of the federal judiciary during their respective administrations and is intended solely to track nominations by president by day.

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