At the end of January 2023, 54.85% of all state legislature seats in the United States are Republican while 44.45% seats are Democratic. There are 7,386 state legislative seats in the country.
Democrats hold 854 state Senate seats and 2,429 state House seats, gaining six Senate seats and gaining 31 House seats since last month. Republicans hold 1,108 state Senate seats and 2,943 state House seats, gaining three House seats and gaining 25 House seats since last month.
Independent or third-party legislators hold 23 seats across ten different states, including 20 state House seats and three state Senate seats. There are 21 vacant state House seats and 8 vacant state Senate seats across 21 different states.
Compared to January 2022, Democrats have lost eight state Senate seats (862 v. 854) and gained 20 state House seats (2,409 v. 2,429). Republicans have gained 14 state Senate seats (1,094 v. 1,108) and gained 21 state House seats (2,922 v. 2,943).