54.75% of all state legislators in the United States are Republican, 44.35% are Democratic

At the end of November 2023, 54.75% of all state legislators in the United States are Republican while 44.35% are Democratic. There are 7,386 state legislative seats in the country.

Republicans held a majority in 57 chambers, and Democrats held the majority in 39 chambers. Two chambers (Alaska House and Alaska Senate) were organized under multipartisan, power-sharing coalitions. Control of the Michigan House of Representatives is split after two Democrats resigned after they were elected to other offices.

Democrats hold 852 state Senate seats and 2,419 state House seats, losing four seats since last month. Republicans hold 1,107 state Senate seats and 2,937 state House seats, losing five seats since last month.

Independent or third-party legislators hold 22 state House seats and five state Senate seats. There are 31 vacant state House seats and eight vacant state Senate seats.

Compared to November 2022, Democrats have gained four state Senate seats (848 v. 852) and 21 state House seats (2,398 v. 2,419). Republicans have gained two state Senate seats (1,105 v. 1,107) and gained 19 state House seats (2,918 v. 2,937). 

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