Janie Valentine

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All nine candidates in Massachusetts’ 4th Congressional District Democratic primary complete Ballotpedia’s Candidate Connection survey

Nine candidates are running in the Democratic primary for Massachusetts’ 4th Congressional District on September 1, 2020. Incumbent Joe Kennedy (D) is running for election to the U.S. Senate, leaving the 4th District seat open. All nine candidates have completed Ballotpedia’s Candidate Connection survey.
Ballotpedia asks all federal, state, and local candidates to complete a survey so voters can discover what motivates them on political and personal levels.
Below are excerpts from the candidates’ answers to the survey question, “What areas of public policy are you personally passionate about?” (Please note: answers may be edited for length.)
Jake Auchincloss: “First, I will protect our kids and our families. Republicans are obstructing the federal aid we need for public schools. … Second, I will work to ensure that healthcare is available and affordable to all, including our seniors, who are so vulnerable right now. … Finally, I will be a champion for jobs & a green economic recovery.”
Dave Cavell: “I am passionate about ending the opioid crisis, protecting public education, and saving our democracy.”
Becky Grossman: “I’m very passionate about combatting the climate emergency so all of our kids have a chance to live on a planet that isn’t in peril; common-sense gun reform because our country deserves schools and streets free of gun violence; and reducing economic inequality so everyone in my District and across our country has a fair shot at good paying jobs.”
Alan Khazei: “Combating the existential threat of climate change, taking on the NRA to stop gun violence, and revitalizing the American dream through a culture of national service.”
Ihssane Leckey: “As an immigrant, I am passionate about reforming our system to safeguard the rights and dignity of all migrants, and ensuring they are welcome to come to America and thrive here. As someone who lost her father to a stroke after he forwent medication to save money, I am unshakably dedicated to guaranteeing healthcare to all people as a right. As a mom, I must provide a livable planet for my daughter and will do everything in my power to avert the coming climate catastrophe.”
Natalia Linos: “I bring the scientific and health expertise needed to lead what will be a years-long health and economic recovery from this pandemic, as well as over a decade of experience working on some of the other critical issues facing District 4: mental health and the opioid overdose crisis, climate change and environmental protection, creating economic opportunities, and fighting poverty.”
Jesse Mermell: “Jesse fought to make a difference in people’s everyday lives, from potholes and trash pick-up to leading the charge on climate change by banning plastic bags and styrofoam, updating the Town’s climate action plan, and establishing Climate Week to encourage learning and engagement in Brookline around climate change. … In the fight for workers’ rights, increasing the minimum wage, equal pay, earned sick time, equitable investments in transportation, and paid family and medical leave … To fight for women’s rights and our progressive values … she fought for comprehensive sex education in public schools and for the inclusion of birth control and other reproductive health care.”
Ben Sigel: “Healthcare, social and economic justice, climate change, education, economic opportunity, immigration, combating Anti-Semitism and all forms of hatred and bigotry, public health and combating the opioid crisis, criminal justice.”
Chris Zannetos: “As a member of Congress, I would bring my unique experience, skills, and approach to help make the promise of the American Dream a reality for our district’s residents. With much needed expertise in job creation, education activism and tech innovation, and as the only candidate with real-world experience founding and leading technology companies, I have a strong understanding of the demands of the technology-driven economy and have demonstrated a commitment to creative and inclusive educational solutions.”
In 2018, 1,957 candidates completed a Candidate Connection survey. This represents 6.9% of all 28,315 candidates Ballotpedia covered during that cycle. Out of the 1,957 respondents, 477 (24.4%) won their elections.

Nehls defeats Wall in TX-22 Republican primary runoff

Troy Nehls defeated Kathaleen Wall in the Republican primary runoff for Texas’ 22nd Congressional District. Nehls received 70% of the vote to Wall’s 30%.

The Houston Chronicle, SEAL PAC, and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce endorsed Nehls. U.S. Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.), Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton (R), the National Association for Gun Rights, and the Susan B. Anthony List endorsed Wall. According to campaign finance reports, Wall spent $2 million to Nehls’ $98,000 between April 1 and June 24.

Incumbent Pete Olson (R), who was first elected in 2008, did not seek re-election. Since 1979, Republicans have represented the district for all but two years, when Nick Lampson held the seat from 2007 to 2009. In 2018, Olson won re-election 51.4% to 46.5%. Major independent observers rate the 2020 general election as a toss-up or tilt Republican.

Valenzuela defeats Olson in TX-24 Democratic primary runoff

Candace Valenzuela defeated Kim Olson in the Democratic primary runoff for Texas’ 24th Congressional District. Valenzuela received 60% of the vote to Olson’s 40%.

Former U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julián Castro (D), U.S. Sens. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and Kamala Harris (D-Calif.), several members of the U.S. House, and multiple congressional caucus PACs endorsed Valenzuela, who served on the Carrollton-Farmers Branch school board. The Dallas Morning News, the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, and multiple organizations supporting military veterans in politics endorsed Olson, a retired Air Force colonel.

In 2018, retiring incumbent Kenny Marchant (R) won re-election by three percentage points. Major independent observers rated the general election as a toss-up or tilt Republican.

Sessions defeats Swann in TX-17 Republican primary runoff

Pete Sessions defeated Renee Swann in the Republican primary runoff for Texas’ 17th Congressional District. Sessions received 54% of the vote to Swann’s 47%.

Sessions was a member of Congress from 1997 to 2019, representing Texas’ 32nd Congressional District (2003-2019) and Texas’ 5th Congressional District (1997-2003). He campaigned on his record and said he voted in support of Trump 98% of the time. Incumbent Rep. Bill Flores (R) endorsed Swann, citing her desire to work with President Trump and her stances on immigration and social issues. Swann’s campaign highlighted her experience in business and healthcare.

Flores won re-election by 15 percentage points in 2018. Major independent observers rate the general election as solid Republican or safe Republican.

Jackson defeats Winegarner in TX-13 Republican primary runoff

Ronny Jackson defeated Josh Winegarner in the Republican primary runoff for Texas’ 13th Congressional District. As of 9:45 p.m. Central Time, Jackson had received 55.6% of the vote to Winegarner’s 44.4%, with 90% of precincts reporting.

President Donald Trump (R), U.S. Sens. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) and Josh Hawley (R-Mo.), and former Texas Gov. Rick Perry (R) endorsed Jackson. Incumbent Rep. Mac Thornberry (R), who did not seek re-election, endorsed Winegarner, along with U.S. Reps. Mike Conaway (R-Texas), Lance Gooden (R-Texas), and Kenny Marchant (R-Texas).

Thornberry, who was first elected in 1994, won his last election in 2018 by a margin of victory of 65 percentage points. Major independent observers rate the general election as solid Republican or safe Republican.

Jackson, Winegarner compete in TX-13 Republican primary runoff

Ronny Jackson and Josh Winegarner will compete in the Republican primary runoff for Texas’ 13th Congressional District on Tuesday, July 14. In the March 3 Republican primary, Winegarner received 38.8% of the vote to Jackson’s 19.9%.
President Donald Trump (R), U.S. Sens. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) and Josh Hawley (R-Mo.), and former Texas Gov. Rick Perry (R) endorsed Jackson. Jackson served as physician to the president for Presidents Barack Obama and Trump. Jackson said he would “bring influence and access to the district that is about to go away when the current representative of 26 years retires,” citing what he described as his “strong relationships with the Executive Office of the President … and most importantly President Trump.”
Incumbent Rep. Mac Thornberry (R), who is not seeking re-election, endorsed Winegarner, along with U.S. Reps. Mike Conaway (R-Texas), Lance Gooden (R-Texas), and Kenny Marchant (R-Texas). Winegarner highlighted his personal background in the 13th District and said that he “knows first-hand the struggles of the farmers, ranchers, and small business owners who drive our economy.”
According to campaign finance reports, Jackson raised $492,000 and Winegarner raised $290,000 between April 1 and June 24.
Thornberry, who was first elected in 1994, won his last election in 2018 by a margin of victory of 65 percentage points. Major independent observers rate the general election as solid Republican or safe Republican.

Biden and Trump win Georgia and West Virginia primaries

Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing
June 10, 2020: Biden and Trump won primaries in Georgia and West Virginia. A virtual fundraiser for Biden hosted with Kamala Harris raised $3.5 million.

Ballotpedia is monitoring changes made to election dates and procedures in response to the coronavirus pandemic.        

Notable Quote of the Day

“… Biden has dramatically escalated his Facebook spending, purchasing close to $5 million in advertising on the platform in just a few days last week and beating Trump’s single-day record Thursday with a $1.6 million buy. His recent splurge, which matched what he’d spent in 10 months of campaigning, sought to tap into the energy of the protests against racism and police brutality, which have also focused on Trump. …

In his digital advertising, Team Biden’s recent focus has been on how Trump has fanned the ‘flames of white supremacy, hatred, and violence,’ and on promoting a petition condemning the president—which the campaign can use to connect with potential supporters. The ads have also focused more on the younger voters that Biden struggled to win over in the primary. …

The uprising over Floyd’s killing has become a flashpoint for the country, with less than two weeks of protests resulting in a number of concrete measures—charges against Derek Chauvin, the Minneapolis cop who killed Floyd, and the officers who stood by as he did it; that city’s leaders voting to disband the police department; and a groundswell against racism and inequality across several industries. The social unrest has also laid bare what would be at stake under another four years of Trump. Biden appears to be tapping into that energy, aligning himself with the demonstrators against a president whose administration stands in the way of the progress they demand.”

– Eric Lutz, Vanity Fair

Election Updates

  • Joe Biden and Donald Trump won their respective parties’ primaries in Georgia and West Virginia on June 9.
  • virtual fundraiser for Biden hosted with Kamala Harris raised $3.5 million from 1,400 donors.
  • Biden spoke via video at George Floyd’s funeral.
  • The Democratic PAC American Bridge announced it would spend $20 million on 10 weeks of TV and radio ads focused on seniors in Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.
  • CNN reported that Trump may announce the location of the nomination portion of the Republican National Convention tomorrow, June 11.
  • Trump tweeted, “NASDAQ HITS ALL-TIME HIGH. Tremendous progress being made, way ahead of schedule. USA!”

What We’re Reading

Flashback: June 10, 2016

Trump spoke at the Faith and Freedom Coalition Conference in Washington, D.C. He said, “Here is some of what we can accomplish together: appoint judges, so important, so important…who will uphold our laws, protect our Constitution and protect the rights of all Americans.”

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Trump campaign to resume holding rallies

Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing
June 9, 2020: Trump’s campaign plans to resume holding rallies in coming weeks. Biden said he does not support defunding the police.

Ballotpedia is monitoring changes made to election dates and procedures in response to the coronavirus pandemic. blank    blankblank   

Daily Presidential News Briefing, Presidential poll highlights, 2019-2020 (Fox News • Wisconsin • May 30-June 2, 2020)
Daily Presidential News Briefing, Presidential poll highlights, 2019-2020 (EPIC-MRA • Michigan • May 30-June 3, 2020)

Notable Quote of the Day

“The purveyors of fake news at CNN are convinced, just as they were four years ago, that they have this presidential election in the bag. Donald Trump is done, and Joe Biden is headed for a landslide, just like Hillary Clinton was. …

People are simply not enthusiastic about Biden. Shoot, even Biden doesn’t seem very enthusiastic about Biden most of the time. They are, however, extremely enthusiastic about Trump — even in the supposedly “devastating” CNN poll, about 70% of those who say they will vote for Trump say they’re voting for him, not against Biden.

At the Trump campaign, we don’t need CNN to tell us about that enthusiasm, because we get to experience it every single day. Even amid the coronavirus pandemic that has blocked off most of the traditional fundraising methods and radically reshaped political campaigning, we are continually setting new records for fundraising. Meanwhile, the president continues to maintain equally historic and consistent support within the Republican Party, polling at 96% within the GOP. The enthusiasm is there. We can prove it, and the exact opposite is true for Sleepy Joe.”

– Trump campaign manager Brad Parscale, Washington Examiner

Election Updates

  • In response to the movement to defund the police, Joe Biden said in an interview on CBS, “No, I don‘t support defunding the police. … I support conditioning federal aid to police based on whether or not they meet certain basic standards of decency and honorableness and, in fact, are able to demonstrate they can protect the community and everybody in the community.”

  • Biden’s campaign launched “Out for Biden,” a get-out-the-vote program aimed at LGBTQ voters. Biden tweeted, “We’ve made incredible progress on LGBTQ+ equality, but we still have further to go. We can’t rest until everyone is treated with dignity and respect under the law—regardless of who they are or whom they love.”

  • Biden met with George Floyd’s family in Houston, Texas.

  • Politico reported that Donald Trump’s campaign will resume holding rallies in coming weeks. Trump campaign manager Brad Parscale said, “Americans are ready to get back to action and so is President Trump. The great American comeback is real and the rallies will be tremendous. … You’ll again see the kind of crowds and enthusiasm that sleepy Joe Biden can only dream of.”

  • Trump tweeted, “I have retained highly respected pollster, McLaughlin & Associates, to analyze todays CNN Poll (and others), which I felt were FAKE based on the incredible enthusiasm we are receiving. Read analysis for yourself. This is the same thing they and others did when we defeated. … Crooked Hillary Clinton in 2016. They are called SUPPRESSION POLLS, and are put out to dampen enthusiasm. Despite 3 ½ years of phony Witch Hunts, we are winning, and will close it out on November 3rd!”

  • Trump met with law enforcement representatives for a roundtable discussion at which he said, “There won’t be defunding, there won’t be dismantling of our police and there is not going to be any disbanding of our police. … There’s a reason for less crime, it’s because we have great law enforcement. I’m very proud of them.”

  • Trump’s campaign hired Jason Miller as a senior adviser. Miller was also an adviser to Trump’s 2016 campaign.

Flashback: June 9, 2016

President Barack Obama endorsed Hillary Clinton. After the endorsement, Trump tweeted, “Obama just endorsed Crooked Hillary. He wants four more years of Obama—but nobody else does!” Clinton replied in a retweet, “Delete your account.” Trump tweeted, “How long did it take your staff of 823 people to think that up–and where are your 33,000 emails that you deleted?”blank

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Biden crosses delegate threshold for Democratic nomination

Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing

June 8, 2020: Biden crossed the delegate threshold necessary to win the Democratic presidential nomination. America First Action began an ad campaign criticizing Biden on economics.

Ballotpedia is monitoring changes made to election dates and procedures in response to the coronavirus pandemic.

Notable Quote of the Day

“Joe Biden is suddenly a clear favorite in the general election battle against President Trump given rising poll numbers nationally and in key swing states, meaning he must now figure out how to run as a front-runner.

It’s no easy task, especially against an opponent in Trump who is comfortable running as an underdog and who has the presidential bully pulpit and a healthy campaign war chest to throw at his opponent. … 

The quandary for Biden and Democrats is how to win while ahead and retain the momentum Biden has won over the last few months — momentum that has come more from Trump’s own problems and news events than actions by Biden.”

— Amie Parnes, The Hill

Election Updates

  • The Associated Press reported on June 5 that Joe Biden had crossed the delegate threshold necessary to win the Democratic presidential nomination, with the tabulation of election results from the June 2 primaries putting him over 1,991 delegates. Biden wrote, “It was an honor to compete alongside one of the most talented groups of candidates the Democratic party has ever fielded — and I am proud to say that we are going into this general election a united party.”
  • Biden won Democratic caucuses in Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands on June 6.
  • Biden spoke at the Texas Democratic Party’s virtual convention on June 6. He said, “We have to keep the House of Representatives. We have to win over the United States Senate. We have to flip the Texas House. We have to lead and deliver meaningful change for people who are hurting all across this nation.”
  • Former Secretary of State Colin Powell, who served in George W. Bush’s administration, said he planned to vote for Biden.
  • Donald Trump responded to Powell, “Somebody please tell highly overrated Colin Powell that I will have gotten almost 300 Federal Judges approved (a record), Two Great Supreme Court Justices, rebuilt our once depleted Military, Choice for Vets, Biggest Ever Tax & Regulation Cuts, Saved Healthcare & 2A, & much more!”
  • Trump tweeted, “CNN Polls are as Fake as their Reporting. Same numbers, and worse, against Crooked Hillary. The Dems would destroy America!”
  • On June 5, America First Action began an ad campaign criticizing Biden on economics in Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. The super PAC is spending $7.5 million through July 4 on TV, digital, and mail ads in the three states.

What We’re Reading

Flashback: June 8, 2016

Following primaries in California and five other states the night before, the Associated Press reported, “Hillary Clinton has reached another delegate milestone: She’s now won a majority of delegates from primaries and caucuses. … Based on primaries to date, Clinton now has 2,203 delegates — or more than half of the 4,051 total pledged delegates — following Tuesday’s contests, in which she also won New Jersey, New Mexico and South Dakota. Sanders has 1,828.”

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Ballotpedia’s Weekly Presidential News Briefing: June 1-5, 2020

Ballotpedia's Weekly Presidential News Briefing
Every weekday, Ballotpedia tracks the news, events, and results of the 2020 presidential election.     

Notable Quotes of the Week

“Donald Trump is the first president in my lifetime who does not try to unite the American people—does not even pretend to try. Instead he tries to divide us. We are witnessing the consequences of three years of this deliberate effort. We are witnessing the consequences of three years without mature leadership. We can unite without him, drawing on the strengths inherent in our civil society. This will not be easy, as the past few days have shown, but we owe it to our fellow citizens; to past generations that bled to defend our promise; and to our children.”

– Statement by James Mattis, former U.S. secretary of defense

“Tuesday morning, President Trump tweeted two words that succinctly describe the winning coalition that will assure his November reelection: ‘SILENT MAJORITY.’ This prompted a considerable amount of fustian mirth from the Twitter mob, a number of ostensibly serious opinion pieces in the corporate media, and contemptuous dismissal by the Democrats. The consensus was that Trump was indulging a Nixonian fantasy whereby white suburbanites frightened by an increasingly diverse electorate would save his presidency. This interpretation betrays profound ignorance about the term ‘silent majority,’ which never had any racial connotation, and disregards what suburban voters really fear — Democratic incompetence in a time of economic uncertainty and social unrest. …

So, what about that silent majority? The Morning Consult poll noted above makes it clear that they want order restored. This, along with a fast economic recovery, is precisely what the president has pledged. Meanwhile, Trump’s likely general election opponent maunders about systemic racism while struggling to keep his figures straight concerning how many lives and jobs have been lost to the pandemic. As former Clinton pollster Doug Schoen writes, ‘The political risk to Democrats is becoming associated with the riots … which would result in the party losing the White House and risking their House majority.’ The Democrats already own the riots, and the silent majority is quietly counting the days to November 3.”

– David CatronThe American Spectator

Week in Review

Trump, RNC say Republican nomination will not be held in North Carolina

Trump tweeted on June 2, “Had long planned to have the Republican National Convention in Charlotte, North Carolina, a place I love. Now, @NC_Governor Roy Cooper and his representatives refuse to guarantee that we can have use of the Spectrum Arena – Spend millions of dollars, have everybody arrive, and … then tell them they will not be able to gain entry. Governor Cooper is still in Shelter-In-Place Mode, and not allowing us to occupy the arena as originally anticipated and promised. Would have showcased beautiful North Carolina to the World, and brought in hundreds of … millions of dollars, and jobs, for the State. Because of @NC_Governor, we are now forced to seek another State to host the 2020 Republican National Convention.”

A statement from the Republican National Committee said, “Due to the directive from the governor that our convention cannot go on as planned as required by our rules, the celebration of the president’s acceptance of the Republican nomination will be held in another city. … Should the governor allow more than 10 people in a room, we still hope to conduct the official business of the convention in Charlotte.”

According to Axios, “The Republican National Committee is planning site visits over the next 10 days to more than a half-dozen cities — across the South and into Texas and Arizona — as it scrambles for a new convention host.”

Biden, Trump win Tuesday primaries

Joe Biden and Donald Trump won primaries in Indiana, Maryland, Montana, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and Washington, D.C., on June 2. Biden won an estimated 406 pledged delegates in those races and Bernie Sanders won 44, with delegates in some states yet to be assigned. This brings Biden to 1,972 out of the 1,991 delegates needed to secure the nomination, according to the Associated Press.

Trump speaks about protests, walks to St. John’s Episcopal Church

On June 1, Trump spoke about protests following the death of George Floyd before law enforcement cleared an area outside the White House and Trump walked to St. John’s Episcopal Church. Trump said, “… we cannot allow the righteous cries and peaceful protesters to be drowned out by an angry mob.  The biggest victims of the rioting are peace-loving citizens in our poorest communities, and as their President, I will fight to keep them safe.  I will fight to protect you.  I am your President of law and order, and an ally of all peaceful protesters.”

Biden speaks in Philadelphia about George Floyd death, protests 

Biden gave a speech in Philadelphia on June 2. He said, “I won’t traffic in fear and division. I won’t fan the flames of hate. I’ll seek to heal the racial wounds that have long plagued our country, not use them for political gain. I’ll do my job and I’ll take responsibility — I won’t blame others.” Biden’s campaign used clips from the speech in a new ad running on Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube in Arizona, Florida, Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.

More caucuses this weekend

Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands will hold Democratic caucuses on June 6.

Want more? Find the daily details here:

Poll Spotlight

Karine Jean-Pierre is a Democratic staffer with experience in campaign management and political strategy. She graduated from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs with a master’s degree in public administration.

Previous campaign work:

  • 2016 Martin O’Malley presidential campaign, deputy campaign manager
  • 2013 Letitia James New York City public advocate campaign, campaign manager
  • 2013 Bill Thompson New York City mayoral campaign, senior advisor
  • 2012 Barack Obama presidential campaign, deputy battleground states director
  • 2008 Barack Obama presidential campaign, southeast regional political director
  • 2008 John Edwards presidential campaign, southeast regional political director

Other experience:

  • 2019-2020: NBC and MSNBC, political analyst
  • 2016-2020:, chief public affairs officer
  • 2014-present: Columbia University, faculty
  • 2014-2015: ACLU Reproductive Freedom Initiative, campaign manager
  • 2009-2011: White House Office of Political Affairs, regional political director
  • 2009: U.S. Department of Labor, White House liaison
  • 2009 Presidential Inauguration Committee, political department
  • 2006-2007: Wal-Mart Watch, state and local outreach coordinator
  • 2004-2006: New York City Council, deputy chief of staff

What she says about Biden: “This really is the most important general election in generations. … I’ve known Joe Biden for 10 years now. I believe he’s a man of integrity, he’s a man who knows how to lead, he’s a man who knows how to use the levers of government to help people and he’s the man who could beat Donald Trump in November. For me, as a black woman, I just could not sit this out.”

What We’re Reading

Flashback: June 1-5, 2016

  • June 5, 2016: Hillary Clinton said during a rally in Sacramento, California, “We’re going to have a very contentious campaign because I am going to point out at every single moment that I can why the Republican nominee should never get near the White House.” She stated, “I believe that Donald Trump is not qualified or temperamentally fit to be president.”
  • June 4, 2016: Ahead of the final primaries of the 2016 election, Bernie Sanders said, “The media is in error when they lump superdelegates with pledged delegates. … Hillary Clinton will not have the requisite number of pledged delegates to win the Democratic nomination at the end of the nominating process on June 14. Won’t happen. She will be dependent on superdelegates. … The Democratic National Convention will be a contested convention.” He said, “And what I hope that the delegates going to the Democratic National Convention understand is that in virtually every state poll we do much better against Trump than does Secretary Clinton.”
  • June 3, 2016: Trump criticized Hillary Clinton at a campaign rally in San Jose, California. He said, “Anything Obama wants, she’s going forward with. … Because you know why? She doesn’t want to go to jail. That’s why.”
  • June 2, 2016: Hillary Clinton spoke about national security at an event in San Diego, California. She said of Trump, “He is not just unprepared – he is temperamentally unfit to hold an office that requires knowledge, stability and immense responsibility.”
  • June 1, 2016: The Field Poll put Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders within the poll’s margin of error in the upcoming California Democratic primary, with Clinton leading by two percentage points. Sanders said the same day, “On Tuesday, we are going to win the primary. … And we have the establishment very nervous. That’s a good thing.”

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