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Molly Byrne

Molly Byrne is a staff writer at Ballotpedia. Contact us at editor@ballotpedia.org.

Federal Register weekly update: More than 300 presidential documents issued so far in 2021

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The Federal Register is a daily journal of federal government activity that includes presidential documents, proposed and final rules, and public notices. It is a common measure of an administration’s regulatory activity, accounting for both regulatory and deregulatory actions.

From October 11 through October 15, the Federal Register grew by 880 pages for a year-to-date total of 57,524 pages.

The Federal Register hit an all-time high of 95,894 pages in 2016.

This week’s Federal Register featured the following 448 documents:

  1. 379 notices
  2. 12 presidential documents
  3. 27 proposed rules
  4. 30 final rules

One proposed rule, an amendment to the Investment Duties regulations regarding prudence and loyalty in selecting plan investments from the Employee Benefits Security Administration, and two final rules, including an energy conservation program from the Energy Department, were deemed significant under E.O. 12866—defined by the potential to have large impacts on the economy, environment, public health, or state or local governments. Significant actions may also conflict with presidential priorities or other agency rules. The Biden administration has issued 72 significant proposed rules, 97 significant final rules, and one significant notice as of October 15.

Ballotpedia maintains page counts and other information about the Federal Register as part of its Administrative State Project. The project is a neutral, nonpartisan encyclopedic resource that defines and analyzes the administrative state, including its philosophical origins, legal and judicial precedents, and scholarly examinations of its consequences. The project also monitors and reports on measures of federal government activity.

Click here to find more information about weekly additions to the Federal Register in 2020, 2019, 2018, and 2017. 

Click here to find yearly information about additions to the Federal Register from 1936 to 2019.



Federal Register weekly update: 22 new significant documents

The Federal Register is a daily journal of federal government activity that includes presidential documents, proposed and final rules, and public notices. It is a common measure of an administration’s regulatory activity, accounting for both regulatory and deregulatory actions.

From Oct. 4-Oct. 8, the Federal Register grew by 2,058 pages for a year-to-date total of 56,644 pages.

The Federal Register hit an all-time high of 95,894 pages in 2016.

This week’s Federal Register featured the following 628 documents:

  • 500 notices
  • 14 presidential documents
  • 37 proposed rules
  • 77 final rules

Seven proposed rules, including a National Environmental Policy Act implementing regulations revision from the Council on Environmental Quality, and 15 final rules, including one aimed at providing access to family planning services from the Health and Human Services Department, were deemed significant under E.O. 12866—defined by the potential to have large impacts on the economy, environment, public health, or state or local governments. Significant actions may also conflict with presidential priorities or other agency rules. The Biden administration has issued 71 significant proposed rules, 95 significant final rules, and one significant notice as of Oct. 8.

Ballotpedia maintains page counts and other information about the Federal Register as part of its Administrative State Project. The project is a neutral, nonpartisan encyclopedic resource that defines and analyzes the administrative state, including its philosophical origins, legal and judicial precedents, and scholarly examinations of its consequences. The project also monitors and reports on measures of federal government activity.

Click here to find yearly information about additions to the Federal Register from 1936 to 2019: https://ballotpedia.org/Historical_additions_to_the_Federal_Register,_1936-2019



OIRA reviewed 38 significant rules in September

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In September 2021, the White House Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) reviewed 38 significant regulatory actions issued by federal agencies. OIRA approved one of these rules with no changes and approved the intent of 35 rules while recommending changes to their content. Two rules were withdrawn from the review process by the issuing agencies.

OIRA reviewed 48 significant regulatory actions in September 2020, 42 significant regulatory actions in September 2019, 21 significant regulatory actions in September 2018, and 16 significant regulatory actions in September 2017. During the Obama administration from 2009-2016, OIRA reviewed an average of 45 significant regulatory actions each September.

OIRA has reviewed a total of 383 significant rules in 2021. The agency reviewed a total of 676 significant rules in 2020, 475 significant rules in 2019, 355 significant rules in 2018, and 237 significant rules in 2017.

As of October 1, 2021, OIRA’s website listed 89 regulatory actions under review.

​​OIRA is responsible for reviewing and coordinating what it deems to be all significant regulatory actions made by federal agencies, with the exception of independent federal agencies. Significant regulatory actions include agency rules that have had or may have a large impact on the economy, environment, public health, or state and local governments and communities. These regulatory actions may also conflict with other regulations or with the priorities of the president.

Every month, Ballotpedia compiles information about regulatory reviews conducted by OIRA. To view this project, click here.



Federal Register weekly update: Over 600 new documents added

Banner with the words "The Administrative State Project"

The Federal Register is a daily journal of federal government activity that includes presidential documents, proposed and final rules, and public notices. It is a common measure of an administration’s regulatory activity, accounting for both regulatory and deregulatory actions.

From September 27 through October 1, the Federal Register grew by 1,402 pages for a year-to-date total of 54,586 pages.

The Federal Register hit an all-time high of 95,894 pages in 2016.

This week’s Federal Register featured the following 638 documents:

  • 502 notices
  • Four presidential documents
  • 39 proposed rules
  • 93 final rules

Three proposed rules, including standards related to the manufacture of class II ozone-depleting substances for feedstock from the Environmental Protection Agency, and 11 final rules, including rulemaking and guidance procedures from the Education Department, were deemed significant under E.O. 12866—defined by the potential to have large impacts on the economy, environment, public health, or state or local governments. Significant actions may also conflict with presidential priorities or other agency rules. The Biden administration has issued 64 significant proposed rules, 80 significant final rules, and one significant notice as of October 1.

Ballotpedia maintains page counts and other information about the Federal Register as part of its Administrative State Project. The project is a neutral, nonpartisan encyclopedic resource that defines and analyzes the administrative state, including its philosophical origins, legal and judicial precedents, and scholarly examinations of its consequences. The project also monitors and reports on measures of federal government activity.

Click here to find more information about weekly additions to the Federal Register in 2020, 2019, 2018, and 2017. 

Additional reading:



Federal Register weekly update: Nine new significant documents added

The Federal Register is a daily journal of federal government activity that includes presidential documents, proposed and final rules, and public notices. It is a common measure of an administration’s regulatory activity, accounting for both regulatory and deregulatory actions.

From Sept. 20 through Sept. 24, the Federal Register grew by 1,114 pages for a year-to-date total of 53,184 pages.

The Federal Register hit an all-time high of 95,894 pages in 2016.

This week’s Federal Register featured the following 597 documents:

Three proposed rules, including an energy conservation program from the Energy Department, and six final rules, including a correction to the Environmental Protection Agency GHG emission standards and test procedures for control of air pollution from airplanes and airplane engines, were deemed significant under E.O. 12866—defined by the potential to have large impacts on the economy, environment, public health, or state or local governments. Significant actions may also conflict with presidential priorities or other agency rules. The Biden administration has issued 61 significant proposed rules, 69 significant final rules, and one significant notice as of Sept. 24.

  • 492 notices
  • Seven presidential documents
  • 31 proposed rules
  • 67 final rules

Ballotpedia maintains page counts and other information about the Federal Register as part of its Administrative State Project. The project is a neutral, nonpartisan encyclopedic resource that defines and analyzes the administrative state, including its philosophical origins, legal and judicial precedents, and scholarly examinations of its consequences. The project also monitors and reports on measures of federal government activity.

Additional reading: