Rep. Tom Graves leaves Congress October 4

Georgia Rep. Tom Graves (R) resigned from Congress effective Sunday, Oct. 4. He announced his resignation on Sept. 11. Graves had previously announced on Dec. 5, 2019, that he would not seek re-election in 2020.

Graves issued the following statement via Twitter on Oct. 2: “Today I sent letters to Gov. Kemp & House officials to say I would be stepping down from Congress on Sunday, 10/4. It is time to begin the next season in life. I will be forever grateful for the incredible privilege of serving my country & community as a member of Congress.” Graves was first elected in 2010 in a special election.

Graves is one of 12 members of Congress to leave office early or announce resignation. Of these 12, nine are Republicans and three are Democrats. There are currently 232 Democrats, 197 Republicans, one Libertarian, and five vacancies in the U.S. House.

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Presidents lose an average of 81 same-party members of the U.S. House during their first term

On average, presidents from Lyndon Johnson (D) through Donald Trump (R) took office with 241 members of the same political party serving in the U.S. House. An average of 81 same-party members did not run for re-election at the time of the next presidential election, creating an average U.S. House member attrition rate of 33.4 percent.

This House attrition rate is calculated by examining whether a member of the House from a president’s political party in office when the president was sworn-in runs for the same seat in the following presidential election year.

Among presidents since Johnson, President Trump had the highest rate of House attrition at 46.9 percent. President George W. Bush (R) had the lowest rate of House attrition at 23.4 percent.

To read more and see full attrition lists by president, click the “Learn More” button below.

3,019 major party candidates filed for 2020 Congress elections

As of June 29, 3,019 major party candidates have filed to run for the Senate and House of Representatives in 2020.

So far, 461 candidates are filed with the Federal Election Commission (FEC) to run for U.S. Senate. Of those, 369—187 Democrats and 182 Republicans—are from one of the two major political parties. In 2018, 527 candidates filed with the FEC to run for U.S. Senate, including 137 Democrats and 240 Republicans.

For U.S. House, 3,019 candidates have filed with the FEC to run. Of those, 2,650—1,247 Democrats and 1,403 Republicans—are from one of the two major political parties. In 2018, 3,244 candidates filed with the FEC, including 1,566 Democrats and 1,155 Republicans.

Thirty-six members of the U.S. House are not seeking re-election in 2020. That includes 27 Republicans and nine Democrats. Four senators (three Republicans and one Democrat) are not running for re-election. In 2018, 55 total members of Congress—18 Democrats and 37 Republicans—did not seek re-election.

On November 3, 2020, 35 Senate seats and all 435 House seats are up for election. Of those Senate seats, 33 are regularly scheduled elections, while the other two are special elections in Arizona and Georgia. Twelve are Democratic-held seats and 23 are Republican-held seats. In the House, Democrats currently hold a majority with 233 seats.

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