In 2022, the Missouri General Assembly considered the highest number of appropriation bills since 2020. The General Assembly considered 37 appropriation bills during the 2022 legislative session and passed four bills. In 2020, the General Assembly considered 15 bills and also passed four bills.
Two of the bills that became law in 2022 were signed after the end of the legislative session. In order for a bill to become law, it must pass both the House and Senate and be signed by Gov. Mike Parson (R) or the legislature overrides a veto from the governor. House Bill 2162 and Senate Bill 725 were both signed on July 16.
There is only one appropriation committee in the Missouri Legislature- the Senate Appropriations Committee. The Missouri General Assembly has 66 total standing committees. The Missouri Senate has 20 standing committees, the Missouri House of Representatives has 34 standing committees, and there are 12 joint legislative committees in the Missouri Legislature. The number of special committees fluctuates each session. The subject matter of these committees is more specialized than the standing committees, so most of these committees have been assigned less bills on average than the standing committees.
The Missouri General Assembly is the state legislature of Missouri. It is a bicameral legislature composed of a 34-member Senate and a 163-member House of Representatives. Senators are term limited to two four-year terms and representatives are limited to four two-year terms. The Missouri General Assembly is a part-time legislature. The 2022 session convened on Jan. 5 and will adjourn May 13.
Missouri is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas in the U.S. The Republican Party controls the office of governor and both chambers of the General Assembly. There is a 24-10 Republican majority in the Senate and a 108-49 majority in the House. The Republicans have a veto-proof supermajority in both chambers. In the event of a veto issued by Gov. Parson, the Republican majority is large enough to override the veto without any votes from members of the Democratic Party.