New York sees seven open U.S. House seats, a decade-high

The filing deadline for candidates running for Congress in New York this year was June 10, 2022. One hundred and six candidates are running for New York’s 26 U.S. House districts, including 67 Democrats and 39 Republicans. That’s 4.08 candidates per district, more than the four candidates per district in 2020 and the 3.15 in 2018.

Here are some other highlights from this year’s filings:

  • This is the first election to take place under new district lines following the 2020 census, which resulted in New York losing one U.S. House district. 
  • The 106 candidates running this year are two fewer than the 108 who ran in 2020 and 21 more than the 85 who ran in 2018. Seventy-seven candidates ran in 2016, 55 in 2014, and 81 in 2012.

  • Four incumbents are running in districts other than the ones they currently represent. Rep. Claudia Tenney (R), who represents the 22nd district, is running in the 24th this year. Rep. Sean Maloney (D), who represents the 18th district, is running in the 17th, and Rep. Mondaire Jones (D), the incumbent in the 17th, is running in the 10th.
  • Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D), who represents the 10th district, is running in the 12th this year. Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D), the incumbent in the 12th district, is running for re-election, making the 12th the only New York district this year where two incumbents are running against each other. 
  • Five incumbents—two Democrats and three Republicans—are not running for re-election this year. 
  • Rep. Lee Zeldin (R), who represents the 1st district, and Rep. Tom Suozzi (D), who represents the 3rd district, filed to run for governor. 
  • Rep. John Katko (R), who represents the 24th district, and Rep. Kathleen Rice (D), who represents the 4th district, are retiring. 
  • Rep. Christopher Jacobs (R), who represents the 27th district, is also retiring. The 27th district will be eliminated after this cycle due to redistricting. 
  • There are seven open seats this year, a decade-high. That number is up from four in 2020, and from one in 2018. There were four open seats in 2016 and two each in 2014 and 2012.

  • The open seats include Zeldin’s 1st district, Suozzi’s 3rd, Rice’s 4th, Maloney’s 18th, and Tenney’s 22nd. Additionally, the 19th and the 23rd districts are currently vacant. 
  • Rep. Antonio Delgado (D), who represented the 19th, was appointed lieutenant governor of New York, and Rep. Tom Reed (R), who represented the 23rd, resigned after a sexual misconduct allegation. Special elections will be held on August 23 to fill both seats.
  • Fourteen candidates are running to replace Nadler in the 10th district, the most candidates running for a seat this year. One of the candidates, former New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio (D), unofficially withdrew from the race, but his name will appear on the ballot.
  • There are 16 contested Democratic primaries this year, the same number as in 2020, and three more than in 2018, when there were 13. There were 10 contested Democratic primaries in 2016, five in 2014, and 10 in 2012. 
  • There are eight contested Republican primaries. That’s one more than in 2020, when there were seven contested Republican primaries, and seven more than in 2018, when there was one. There were three contested Republican primaries in 2016, five in 2014, and five in 2012. 

  • Seven incumbents are not facing any primary challengers this year. 
  • One seat—the 5th— is guaranteed to Democrats because no Republicans filed. No seats are guaranteed to Republicans because no Democrats filed. 

New York and Florida are holding their congressional primaries on August 23, 2022. In New York, the winner of a primary election is the candidate who receives the greatest number of votes, even if he or she does not win more than 50 percent of votes cast.

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