54.9% of state legislatures are Republican, 44.35% Democratic

At the end of April 2023, 54.9% of all state legislatures in the United States are Republican while 44.35% are Democratic. There are 7,383 state legislative seats in the country.

Democrats hold 855 state Senate seats and 2,421 state House seats, losing seven chamber seats since last month. Republicans hold 1,111 state Senate seats and 2,944 state House seats, losing three chamber seats since last month.

Independent or third-party legislators hold 26 seats across 12 different states, including 21 state House seats and five state Senate seats. There are 27 vacant state House seats and two vacant state Senate seats across 19 different states.

Compared to April 2022, Democrats have lost six state Senate seats (861 v. 855) and gained six state House seats (2,415 v. 2,421). Republicans have gained 15 state Senate seats (1,096 v. 1,111) and 27 state House seats (2,917 v. 2,944).

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About the author

Maddie Sinclair Johnson

Maddie Sinclair Johnson is a staff writer at Ballotpedia. Contact us at editor@ballotpedia.org.