May 2023 partisan count: 54.49% of state legislators are Republican, 43.33% Democratic

At the end of May 2023, 54.94% of all state legislatures in the United States are Republican while 44.33% are Democratic. There are 7,386 state legislative seats in the country.

Republicans control 56 chambers, while Democrats hold 41. Two chambers (Alaska House and Alaska Senate) were organized under multipartisan, power-sharing coalitions.

Democrats hold 854 state Senate seats and 2,420 state House seats, losing one House seat and one Senate seat since last month. Republicans hold 1,111 state Senate seats and 2,947 state House seats, gaining 3 House seats since last month.

Minor party legislators hold 26 seats across 10 different states, including 21 state House seats and 5 state Senate seats. There are 25 vacant state House seats and 3 vacant state Senate seats across 18 different states.

Compared to May 2022, 54.33% of all state legislators were Republicans and 44.39% were Democrats.

Editor’s note: A previous version of this story reported that there were 7,383 state legislative seats. The story has been updated to reflect the actual total, which is 7,386. It has also been updated to reflect that both chambers of the Alaskan Legislature are organized under multipartisan, power-sharing coalitions.

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