54.94% of state legislatures are Republican, 44.35% Democratic

At the end of July 2023, 54.94% of all state legislatures in the United States are Republican while 44.35% are Democratic. There are 7,386 state legislative seats in the country.

Democrats hold 853 state Senate seats and 2,423 state House seats, gaining two seats overall since last month. Republicans hold 1,110 state Senate seats and 2,948 state House seats, for a net change of zero seats since last month.

Independent or third-party legislators hold 26 seats across 12 different states, including 21 state House seats and five state Senate seats. There are 21 vacant state House seats and five vacant state Senate seats across 19 different states.

Compared to July 2022, Democrats have lost ten state Senate seats (863 v. 853) and gained 12 state House seats (2,411 v. 2,423). Republicans have gained 17 state Senate seats (1,093 v. 1,110) and gained 44 state House seats (2,904 v. 2,948). 

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