Tagelection results

Fred Upton wins re-election in Michigan’s 6th Congressional District

Incumbent Fred Upton (R) defeated Jon Hoadley (D), John Lawrence (G), and Jeff DePoy (L) in Michigan’s 6th Congressional District. Based on unofficial returns, Upton received 59 percent of the vote and Hoadley received 38 percent. Upton was first elected in 1986. 

In 2018, Upton defeated Matt Longjohn (D) 50.2% to 45.7%. That was Upton’s narrowest general election margin of victory to date; he had previously defeated Democratic challengers by an average of 29 percentage points.

In the 2016 presidential election, President Donald Trump (R) defeated Hillary Clinton (D) 51% to 43% in Michigan’s 6th. The district contains one Pivot County—Van Buren County—that voted for Barack Obama (D) in 2008 and 2012 and Trump in 2016

Heading into the election, Democrats had a 232-197 majority in the House. Republicans needed to win a net 21 seats to win control of the chamber.



Incumbent Lucy McBath wins re-election in Georgia’s 6th Congressional District

Incumbent Rep. Lucy McBath (D) defeated Karen Handel (R) in the general election to represent Georgia’s 6th Congressional District.

The election was one of 56 rematch U.S. House elections where the same two candidates who ran in 2018 were on the ballot again. McBath was first elected in 2018 after defeating then-incumbent Handel 50.5% to 49.5%.

The 6th District was one of 31 U.S. House districts that Donald Trump (R) won in the 2016 presidential election and a Democratic candidate won in the 2018 midterm elections. During the presidential election, Trump defeated Hillary Clinton (D) 48% to 47% in the 6th District.

Heading into the election, Democrats had a 232-197 majority in the House. Republicans needed to win a net 21 seats to win control of the chamber.



Nancy Mace defeats incumbent Joe Cunningham in South Carolina’s 1st Congressional District

Nancy Mace (R) defeated Rep. Joe Cunningham (D) in the general election for South Carolina’s 1st Congressional District. 

Cunningham was first elected in 2018 after defeating Katie Arrington (R) 51% to 49%. Republicans had represented the 1st District from 1981-2019.

Mace worked in public relations, in marketing, and as a coalitions director on Donald Trump’s 2016 campaign. She has served in the South Carolina House of Representatives since 2018. Trump endorsed Mace.

This seat was one of 30 that Democrats were defending in districts Trump carried in 2016. He defeated Hillary Clinton (D) 54% to 40% in South Carolina’s 1st Congressional District.

Heading into the election, Democrats had a 232-197 majority in the House. Republicans needed to win a net 21 seats to win control of the chamber.



Gary Peters wins re-election in Michigan

Sen. Gary Peters (D) defeated John James (R) and three other candidates in the general election for United States Senate in Michigan. Unofficial results showed Peters with 49.7 percent of the vote and James 48.4 percent.

Peters was first elected in 2014, defeating his Republican opponent 55% to 41%. This was the second time James ran for U.S. Senate in Michigan. He challenged incumbent Debbie Stabenow (D) in Michigan’s Senate election in 2018 and lost 46% to 52%. 

Former Vice President Joe Biden (D) endorsed Peters and President Donald Trump (R) endorsed James. Three independent outlets rated the race as Lean Democratic as of November 3rd, 2020.

Michigan was one of two Senate seats Democrats were defending in states Trump won in 2016, along with Alabama. Leading up to the 2020 elections, Republicans had a 53-47 majority in the Senate. Thirty-five of 100 U.S. Senate seats were up for election this year. Of the 35 seats up, 23 were held by Republicans and 12 by Democrats, giving Republicans greater partisan risk. Democrats needed to win a net four seats to win an outright majority in the chamber.



Bob Good wins election to Virginia’s 5th Congressional District

Bob Good (R) defeated Cameron Webb (D) in the election for Virginia’s 5th Congressional District. Good, a former Campbell County supervisor, was nominated over Rep. Denver Riggleman (R) at the Republican convention this year, becoming one of five Republicans to defeat an incumbent U.S. representative in a primary or convention this year.

Both parties’ national organizations targeted the district this year, with the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) and National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) both adding it to their target lists. President Trump (R) endorsed Good, while former President Obama (D) endorsed Webb. As of 6 p.m. Eastern on Nov. 4, Good led Webb 53.4% to 46.3%, a margin comparable to Riggleman’s 53.2% to 46.6% win over Leslie Cockburn (D) in 2018.



Republicans flip legislature and gain trifecta control in New Hampshire

Republicans are projected to flip control of New Hampshire’s state Senate and House to gain trifecta control of the state. A state government trifecta occurs when one political party holds the governorship, a majority in the state senate, and a majority in the state house in a state’s government.

Heading into the election, New Hampshire had been under a divided government since 2019, when Democrats flipped the state Senate and House. Before 2019, New Hampshire had been governed by a Republican trifecta since 2017, when Gov. Chris Sununu (R) was elected.

New Hampshire is the second state Republicans flipped from divided power to trifecta control. They gained trifecta control in Montana after Greg Gianforte (R) defeated Mike Cooney (D) in the governor’s race. If Republicans pick up a net of two trifectas, the country would have 23 Republican-held trifectas, 15 Democratic-held trifectas, and 12 divided governments.

Eighty-six state legislative chambers held elections in 2020. Ballotpedia identified seven states as potential trifecta pickups.

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Illinois voters reject constitutional amendment to allow for a graduated income tax

Illinois voters rejected a constitutional amendment to allow for a graduated income tax by a vote of 55% against to 45% in favor.  

The ballot measure would have repealed the state’s constitutional requirement that the state’s personal income tax is a flat rate across income. Instead, the ballot measure would have allowed the state to enact legislation for a graduated income tax.

More than $121 million was raised by supporters and opponents of the measure. Supporters raised $60.33 million, including $56.5 million from Gov. J.B. Pritzker. Opponents raised $60.86 million, including $53.8 million from Citadel CEO Kenneth C. Griffin.

This measure was the most expensive of 2020 outside of California.



Voters in Arizona, Montana, New Jersey, and South Dakota pass ballot measures to legalize marijuana

Ballot measures to legalize marijuana were passed by voters in Arizona, Montana, New Jersey, and South Dakota, bringing the total number of states with laws providing for legal marijuana to 15. 

Arizona, Montana, and South Dakota are the only states besides Alaska that voted for Republican presidential candidates from 2000 to 2016 and that have now voted to legalize recreational marijuana. North Dakota, which also voted for Republican presidential candidates from 2000 to 2016, rejected a recreational marijuana ballot measure in 2018.

As of 8:00 AM ET, the results for this year’s recreational or personal use marijuana measures is as follows:

  • Arizona Proposition 207: 59.8% – 40.02%
  • Montana Initiative 118: 57.7% – 42.3%
  • Montana Initiative 190: 56.6% – 43.4%
  • New Jersey: 66.9% – 33.1%
  • South Dakota: 53.4% – 46.6%


Nov. 4 ballot measure update

As of 7:30 Eastern on Nov. 4, Ballotpedia had called 93 statewide ballot measures, of which 72 were approved and 21 were defeated. The remaining 27 (out of the 120 total) remained uncalled.

Here are some notable measures that we called on Wednesday:

Illinois voters reject a constitutional amendment to allow for a graduated income tax. The ballot measure would have repealed the state’s constitutional requirement that the state’s personal income tax is a flat rate across income. Instead, the ballot measure would have allowed the state to enact legislation for a graduated income tax. More than $121 million was raised by supporters and opponents of the measure. Supporters raised $60.33 million, including $56.5 million from Gov. J.B. Pritzker. Opponents raised $60.86 million, including $53.8 million from Citadel CEO Kenneth C. Griffin.

In California, voters rejected Proposition 16. Proposition 16 would have allowed the use of affirmative action involving race-based or sex-based preferences in California by repealing Proposition 209, passed in 1996, from the California Constitution. Proposition 209 stated that discrimination and preferential treatment were prohibited in public employment, public education, and public contracting on account of a person’s or group’s race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin.

Voters also decided that California will not become the first state to end the use of cash bail for all detained suspects awaiting trials. Proposition 25 was a veto referendum targeting the repeal of Senate Bill 10 (2019), which would have replaced cash bail with risk assessments.

Colorado voters approved Proposition 113 by a vote of 52% to 48% according to results available at 6:30 pm on Wednesday. Approval added Colorado (with its nine electoral votes) to the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact (NPVIC). NPVIC member states agree to give their electoral college votes to the presidential candidate that wins the national popular vote if the NPVIC goes into effect. The NPVIC was designed to go into effect if states representing at least 270 Electoral College votes join, guaranteeing the national popular vote winner is elected. 

Colorado is the first state in which voters decided whether the state should enter the NPVIC. Going into the election, 14 states and Washington, D.C., representing 187 Electoral College votes altogether, had adopted legislation to join the compact. The other 14 NPVIC member states joined the compact through bills signed by Democratic governors or, in Hawaii’s case, through an override of Republican Gov. Linda Lingle’s veto.

California Proposition 25 and Colorado Proposition 113 were two of 2020’s three statewide veto referendums on the Nov. 3 ballot. Veto referendums are measures put on the ballot through signature petitions targeting the repeal of bills recently passed by state legislatures. The last time a veto referendum appeared on the ballot for Colorado voters was in 1932.

The third veto referendum was Washington Referendum 90, which voters approved, upholding a bill requiring public schools to provide comprehensive sexual health education for all students. 

On the three measures, California voters sided with petitioners and against the legislature. Colorado and Washington sided with their legislatures and against petitioners. 

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Fagan wins Oregon Secretary of State election

Shemia Fagan (D) defeated Kim Thatcher (R), Kyle Markley (L), and Nathalie Paravicini (Pacific Green Party) in the election for Oregon secretary of state. Incumbent Bev Clarno (R) did not run for re-election, which Governor Kate Brown (D) made a condition of her appointment after the death of former Secretary of State Dennis Richardson (R).

In Oregon, the secretary of state is first in line for the governor’s office in the event of a vacancy. Brown was the secretary of state before Richardson and became governor after John Kitzhaber (D) resigned in 2015. Democrats held the secretary of state seat from 1985 to 2017. Richardson defeated Brad Avakian (D) 47% to 43% in 2016. 

If the Oregon state legislature fails to establish a redistricting plan for state legislative districts, the secretary of state intervenes to draw the boundaries. In 2011, the legislature redrew congressional and legislative districts without changes from the secretary of state or the courts. It was the first time this had happened since 1911. Oregon’s next round of redistricting is scheduled for 2021, following the 2020 census.

The results of Oregon’s secretary of state and attorney general elections transitioned the state from divided triplex control to Democratic triplex control, meaning those two offices and the governor’s office will be held by Democrats. In 2020, the governor and attorney general are Democrats while the secretary of state is Republican. The state did not hold a gubernatorial election this year.