Author

Jerrick Adams

Jerrick Adams is a staff writer at Ballotpedia. Contact us at editor@ballotpedia.org.

Election Legislation Weekly Digest: August 12, 2022

Here is our weekly round-up on election-related legislation. In it, you’ll find the following information: 

  • Noteworthy bills: Here, we identify and report on the contents and legislative status of noteworthy bills. 
  • Recent activity: Here, we report on the number of bills acted on within the past week. 
  • The big picture: Here, we look at the bills in the aggregate. 
    • Legislative status: How many bills have been introduced, voted upon, or enacted into law?
    • Concentration of activity: What states have seen the highest concentration of legislative activity?
    • Partisan affiliation of sponsorship: How many bills have been sponsored by Democrats vs. Republicans? 
    • Subject: What subjects are most commonly addressed in the bills? 

Noteworthy bills

This part of our report highlights recent activity on specific noteworthy bills. A bill is noteworthy if it meets one or more of the following criteria: 

  • It has been enacted into law. 
  • It is poised to be enacted into law. 
  • It is the subject of significant debate in the legislature. 
  • It is the subject of significant commentary by activists, journalists, etc. 

California AB2037: This bill would repeal an existing law that prohibits “an establishment where the primary purpose is the sale and dispensation of alcoholic beverages” from being used as a polling place.

Legislative history: The state Assembly approved the original version of the bill by a vote of 66-2 on May 19. The state Senate unanimously approved its own version of the bill on August 8. The bill is now back in the Assembly, where concurrence in the Senate amendments is pending.

Political context: California is a Democratic trifecta, meaning that Democrats control the governorship and majorities in both chambers of the state legislature. 

Recent activity

Since August 5, 13 bills have been acted on in some way (a 23.5 percent decrease as compared to last week’s total of 17 bills). These 13 bills represent 0.5 percent of the 2,524 bills we are tracking. Of these 13 bills, 12 (92.3 percent) are from states with Democratic trifectas and 1 (7.7 percent) was from a state with divided government. 

The bar chart below compares recent activity on a week-to-week basis over the last eight weeks. 

  • 2 bills were introduced (or saw pre-committee action). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 1.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 6 bills passed one chamber (or saw pre-adoption action in the second chamber). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 6.
  • 5 bills passed both chambers (or were acted upon in some way after passing both chambers). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 5.
      • CA AB2037: Polling places: alcoholic beverages.
      • CA AB2967: Elections: petition records and requests: vote-by-mail ballot.
      • CA SB103: Uniform Faithful Presidential Electors Act.
      • CA SB1061: Elections: voter registration.
      • NY A09960: Repeals certain provisions relating to absentee voting in primary elections for certain party positions.

The map below visualizes the concentration of this recent activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been acted upon in the last week. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of bills that have been acted upon in the last week. 

The big picture

To date, we have tracked 2,524 election-related bills. This represents a marginal decrease as compared to last week’s total. These bills were either introduced this year or crossed over from last year’s legislative sessions. 

Legislative status 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of the bills we are tracking. The following status indicators are used: 

  • Introduced: The bill has been pre-filed, introduced, or referred to committee but has not otherwise been acted upon.
  • Advanced from committee: The bill has received a favorable vote in committee. It has either advanced to another committee or to the floor for a vote. 
  • Passed one chamber: The bill has been approved by one legislative chamber.
  • Conference committee: Differing versions of the bill have been approved by their respective chambers and a conference committee has been appointed to reconcile the differences. 
  • Passed both chambers: The bill has cleared both chambers of the legislature. 
  • Enacted: The bill has been enacted into law, by gubernatorial action or inaction or veto override. 
  • Vetoed: The bill has been vetoed. 
  • Dead: The bill has been defeated in committee or by floor vote. 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of bills in Democratic and Republican trifectas, respectively. 

Concentration of activity

The map below visualizes the concentration of legislative activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been introduced. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of relevant bills. 

Partisan affiliation of sponsor(s)

The pie chart below visualizes the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors.

The bar chart below visualizes the correlation between the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors and trifecta status (e.g., how many Democratic-sponsored bills were introduced in Democratic trifectas vs. Republican trifectas).

Bills by topic

The chart below presents information on the total number of bills dealing with particular topics. The number listed on the blue portion of each bar indicates the number of Democratic-sponsored bills dealing with the subject in question. The number listed on the red portion of the bar indicates the number of Republican-sponsored bills. The purple and gray portions of the bar indicate the number of bipartisan-sponsored bills and bills with unspecified sponsorship, respectively. Note that the numbers listed here will not, when summed, equal the total number of bills because some bills deal with multiple topics.



Election Legislation Weekly Digest: August 5, 2022

Here is our weekly round-up on election-related legislation. In it, you’ll find the following information: 

  • Noteworthy bills: Here, we identify and report on the contents and legislative status of noteworthy bills. 
  • Recent activity: Here, we report on the number of bills acted on within the past week. 
  • The big picture: Here, we look at the bills in the aggregate. 
    • Legislative status: How many bills have been introduced, voted upon, or enacted into law?
    • Concentration of activity: What states have seen the highest concentration of legislative activity?
    • Partisan affiliation of sponsorship: How many bills have been sponsored by Democrats vs. Republicans? 
    • Subject: What subjects are most commonly addressed in the bills? 

Noteworthy bills

This part of our report highlights recent activity on specific noteworthy bills. A bill is noteworthy if it meets one or more of the following criteria: 

  • It has been enacted into law. 
  • It is poised to be enacted into law. 
  • It is the subject of significant debate in the legislature. 
  • It is the subject of significant commentary by activists, journalists, etc. 

New Jersey: On July 28, 2022, Governor Phil Murphy (D) signed into law seven separate bills making modifications to New Jersey’s election administration laws:

  • A1969: Allows minors between the ages of 16 and 18 to serve as election workers from 5:30 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. on Election Day.
    • Final state Senate vote (June 29, 2022): 37-0.
    • Final state House vote (June 16, 2022): 73-3 (45 Democrats and 28 Republicans in favor; three Republicans opposed).
  • A3817: Requires ballot privacy sleeves and privacy equipment at each polling place; fixes the mail-in ballot curing deadline nine days after Election Day; allows voters to request mail-in ballots using the existing online voter registration system; allows voters to change their party affiliation using the existing online voter registration system; requires the creation of an online form by which voters can update their names and residences.
    • Final state Senate vote (June 29, 2022): 22-17 (22 Democrats in favor; one Democrat and 16 Republicans opposed).
    • Final state House vote (June 29, 2022): 58-19 (46 Democrats and 12 Republicans in favor; 19 Republicans opposed).
  • A3819: Provides for the removal of a voter’s name from the permanent vote-by-mail list if the voter does not vote by mail for four consecutive elections, starting with the 2020 election cycle.
    • Final state Senate vote (June 29, 2022): 40-0.
    • Final state House vote (June 29, 2022): 78-0.
  • A3820: Prohibits an unaffiliated voter from receiving a mail-in ballot for a primary election; requires election officials to provide unaffiliated voters with political party affiliation forms and information about voting in partisan primaries.
    • Final state Senate vote (June 29, 2022): 40-0.
    • Final state House vote (June 16, 2022): 75-2 (46 Democrats and 29 Republicans in favor; two Republicans opposed).
  • A3822: Provides that mail-in ballots will be sent to voters starting on the 45th day before an election; requires that all petitions addressed to state or local election officials be filed by 4:00 p.m. on the 71st day preceding a primary election; allows election officials to begin processing mail-in ballots no earlier than five days before an election.
    • Final state Senate vote (June 29, 2022): 23-15 (23 Democrats in favor; one Democrat and 14 Republicans opposed).
    • Final state House vote (June 29, 2022): 78-0.
  • A3823: Requires that the municipal officers charged with maintaining death records file biweekly reports with voter registration officials in the two months immediately preceding a primary or general election; requires registration officials to remove the names of deceased voters from the voter rolls within 10 days of receiving the aforementioned biweekly report; exempts compensation received by election workers from gross income taxation.
    • Final state Senate vote (June 29, 2022): 40-0.
    • Final state House vote (June 16, 2022): 78-0.
  • A3929: Amends definitions related to military and overseas voting “to more closely mirror the selection categories voters must choose from on the Federal Postcard Application (FPCA), which determine the types of elections – local, state, federal, or all – in which the U.S. citizen living outside of the country is permitted to participate.”
    • Final state Senate vote (June 29, 2022): 24-15 (24 Democrats in favor; 15 Republicans opposed).
    • Final state House vote (June 29, 2022): 47-30 (46 Democrats and one Republican in favor; 30 Republicans opposed).

Political context: New Jersey is a Democratic trifecta, meaning that Democrats control the governorship and majorities in both chambers of the state legislature. 

Recent activity

Since July 29, 17 bills have been acted on in some way (a 13.3 percent increase as compared to last week’s total of 15 bills). These 17 bills represent 0.7 percent of the 2,526 bills we are tracking. Of these 17 bills, 16 (94.1 percent) are from states with Democratic trifectas and 1 (5.9 percent) was from a state with divided government. 

The bar chart below compares recent activity on a week-to-week basis over the last eight weeks. 

  • 4 bills were introduced (or saw pre-committee action). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 3.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 12 bills passed one chamber (or saw pre-adoption action in the second chamber). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 12.
  • 1 bill passed both chambers (or was acted upon in some way after passing both chambers). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 1.
      • CA AB2577: Elections: state offices: uniform candidate filing system.

The map below visualizes the concentration of this recent activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been acted upon in the last week. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of bills that have been acted upon in the last week. 

The big picture

To date, we have tracked 2,526 election-related bills. This represents a marginal increase as compared to last week’s total. These bills were either introduced this year or crossed over from last year’s legislative sessions. 

Legislative status 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of the bills we are tracking. The following status indicators are used: 

  • Introduced: The bill has been pre-filed, introduced, or referred to committee but has not otherwise been acted upon.
  • Advanced from committee: The bill has received a favorable vote in committee. It has either advanced to another committee or to the floor for a vote. 
  • Passed one chamber: The bill has been approved by one legislative chamber.
  • Conference committee: Differing versions of the bill have been approved by their respective chambers and a conference committee has been appointed to reconcile the differences. 
  • Passed both chambers: The bill has cleared both chambers of the legislature. 
  • Enacted: The bill has been enacted into law, by gubernatorial action or inaction or veto override. 
  • Vetoed: The bill has been vetoed. 
  • Dead: The bill has been defeated in committee or by floor vote. 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of bills in Democratic and Republican trifectas, respectively.

 

Concentration of activity

The map below visualizes the concentration of legislative activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been introduced. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of relevant bills. 

Partisan affiliation of sponsor(s)

The pie chart below visualizes the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors.

The bar chart below visualizes the correlation between the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors and trifecta status (e.g., how many Democratic-sponsored bills were introduced in Democratic trifectas vs. Republican trifectas).

Bills by topic

The chart below presents information on the total number of bills dealing with particular topics. The number listed on the blue portion of each bar indicates the number of Democratic-sponsored bills dealing with the subject in question. The number listed on the red portion of the bar indicates the number of Republican-sponsored bills. The purple and gray portions of the bar indicate the number of bipartisan-sponsored bills and bills with unspecified sponsorship, respectively. Note that the numbers listed here will not, when summed, equal the total number of bills because some bills deal with multiple topics.



Voting in Missouri’s Aug. 2 primary election

Missouri’s statewide primary election is scheduled for Aug. 2, 2022. Here is what you need to know about voting in the primary: 

  • Hours: Polling places are open from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. on Election Day. Anyone who is in line at the time polls close has the right to cast a ballot.
  • Polling places: Click here to find your polling location. 
  • Voter ID requirements: Voters in Missouri must present identification at the polls. The following forms of identification are acceptable: 
    • “Identification issued by the state of Missouri, an agency of the state, or a local election authority of the state;”
    • “Identification issued by the United States government or agency thereof;”
    • “Identification issued by an institution of higher education, including a university, college, vocational and technical school, located within the state of Missouri; or”
    • “A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document that contains the name and address of the voter.”
  • Returning an absentee/mail-in ballot: A completed ballot must be received by election officials by Aug. 2. Voters casting their absentee ballots in person must do so by 5:00 p.m. on Aug. 1. 
  • Participation requirements: In Missouri, primary elections are open, meaning that a voter can participate in the partisan primary of his or her choice. 

A primary election is used to narrow the field of candidates for certain positions or to determine the political party nominees before a general election. Missouri has an open primary. Voters are not required to be affiliated with a political party in order to vote in that party’s primary. Voters are also able to declare any party at the polls regardless of previous party affiliation. 

In the Missouri primary, voters throughout the state will select one candidate to serve in the U.S. Senate, eight candidates to serve in the House of Representatives, a state auditor, 17 state senators, and 163 state representatives. Clay County, Jackson County, Platte County, and the city of St. Louis have several municipal positions that will be on the ballot. Using Ballotpedia’s sample ballot lookup tool, voters can find the candidates that will be on their ballot on Aug. 2. 

Additional reading:



Election Legislation Weekly Digest: July 29, 2022

Here is our weekly round-up on election-related legislation. In it, you’ll find the following information: 

  • Noteworthy bills: Here, we identify and report on the contents and legislative status of noteworthy bills. 
  • Recent activity: Here, we report on the number of bills acted on within the past week. 
  • The big picture: Here, we look at the bills in the aggregate. 
    • Legislative status: How many bills have been introduced, voted upon, or enacted into law?
    • Concentration of activity: What states have seen the highest concentration of legislative activity?
    • Partisan affiliation of sponsorship: How many bills have been sponsored by Democrats vs. Republicans? 
    • Subject: What subjects are most commonly addressed in the bills? 

Noteworthy bills

This part of our report highlights recent activity on specific noteworthy bills. A bill is noteworthy if it meets one or more of the following criteria: 

  • It has been enacted into law. 
  • It is poised to be enacted into law. 
  • It is the subject of significant debate in the legislature. 
  • It is the subject of significant commentary by activists, journalists, etc. 

Delaware HB25: This bill establishes same-day voter registration for any presidential primary, primary, special, or general election. In order to register at a polling place, a voter must present a copy of a current and valid government-issued photo ID or a document, dated within the last 60 days, displaying the voter’s name and address (e.g., utility bill, bank statement, etc.). 

Legislative history and status: The state House approved HB25 by a vote of 24-13 on June 7, with 23 Democrats and one Republican voting in favor and one Democrat and 12 Republicans in opposition. The state Senate approved the bill by a vote of 14-7 on June 22, with Democrats casting all “yes” votes and Republicans casting all “no” votes. Gov. John Carney (D) signed the bill into law on July 22.

Political context: Delaware is a Democratic trifecta, meaning that Democrats control the governorship and majorities in both chambers of the state legislature. 

Recent activity

Since July 22, 15 bills have been acted on in some way (a 36.4 percent increase as compared to last week’s total of 11 bills). These 15 bills represent 0.6 percent of the 2,525 bills we are tracking. Of these 15 bills, 14 (93.3 percent) are from states with Democratic trifectas and 1 (6.7 percent) was from a state with divided government. 

The bar chart below compares recent activity on a week-to-week basis over the last eight weeks. 

  • 10 bills passed one chamber (or saw pre-adoption action in the second chamber). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 10.
  • 2 bills were introduced (or saw pre-committee action). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 1.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 3 bills were enacted. 
    • Democratic trifectas: 3.
      • DE HB183: An Act To Amend Title 15 Of The Delaware Code Relating To Residency.
      • DE HB25: An Act To Amend Title 15 Of The Delaware Code Relating To Elections.
      • DE SB320: An Act To Amend Title 15 Of The Delaware Code Relating To Elections.

The map below visualizes the concentration of this recent activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been acted upon in the last week. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of bills that have been acted upon in the last week. 

The big picture

To date, we have tracked 2,525 election-related bills. This represents a marginal increase as compared to last week’s total. These bills were either introduced this year or crossed over from last year’s legislative sessions. 

Legislative status 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of the bills we are tracking. The following status indicators are used: 

  • Introduced: The bill has been pre-filed, introduced, or referred to committee but has not otherwise been acted upon.
  • Advanced from committee: The bill has received a favorable vote in committee. It has either advanced to another committee or to the floor for a vote. 
  • Passed one chamber: The bill has been approved by one legislative chamber.
  • Conference committee: Differing versions of the bill have been approved by their respective chambers and a conference committee has been appointed to reconcile the differences. 
  • Passed both chambers: The bill has cleared both chambers of the legislature. 
  • Enacted: The bill has been enacted into law, by gubernatorial action or inaction or veto override. 
  • Vetoed: The bill has been vetoed. 
  • Dead: The bill has been defeated in committee or by floor vote. 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of bills in Democratic and Republican trifectas, respectively. 

Concentration of activity

The map below visualizes the concentration of legislative activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been introduced. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of relevant bills. 

Partisan affiliation of sponsor(s)

The pie chart below visualizes the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors.

The bar chart below visualizes the correlation between the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors and trifecta status (e.g., how many Democratic-sponsored bills were introduced in Democratic trifectas vs. Republican trifectas).

Bills by topic

The chart below presents information on the total number of bills dealing with particular topics. The number listed on the blue portion of each bar indicates the number of Democratic-sponsored bills dealing with the subject in question. The number listed on the red portion of the bar indicates the number of Republican-sponsored bills. The purple and gray portions of the bar indicate the number of bipartisan-sponsored bills and bills with unspecified sponsorship, respectively. Note that the numbers listed here will not, when summed, equal the total number of bills because some bills deal with multiple topics.



Election Legislation Weekly Digest: July 22, 2022

Here is our weekly round-up on election-related legislation. In it, you’ll find the following information: 

  • Noteworthy bills: Here, we identify and report on the contents and legislative status of noteworthy bills. 
  • Recent activity: Here, we report on the number of bills acted on within the past week. 
  • The big picture: Here, we look at the bills in the aggregate. 
    • Legislative status: How many bills have been introduced, voted upon, or enacted into law?
    • Concentration of activity: What states have seen the highest concentration of legislative activity?
    • Partisan affiliation of sponsorship: How many bills have been sponsored by Democrats vs. Republicans? 
    • Subject: What subjects are most commonly addressed in the bills? 

Noteworthy bills

This part of our report highlights recent activity on specific noteworthy bills. A bill is noteworthy if it meets one or more of the following criteria: 

  • It has been enacted into law. 
  • It is poised to be enacted into law. 
  • It is the subject of significant debate in the legislature. 
  • It is the subject of significant commentary by activists, journalists, etc. 

Michigan HB5783: This bill requires the secretary of state to notify the speaker of the state House, the state Senate majority leader, and each county, city, and township clerk responsible for election administration before sending any election-related mailing to 20 percent or more of registered electors in a given precinct. This bill also requires the secretary of state to report annually to the general government appropriations subcommittee and the state budget office on the total number of electors who corrected their voter registration forms after being notified by the secretary of state and the total number of possible improper voters cast at the preceding primary and general elections that were referred to law enforcement.

Legislative history and status: The state House approved the final version of the bill on July 1 by a vote of 97-9. The state Senate unanimously approved the bill on the same day. The governor signed the bill into law on July 20.

Political context: Michigan has a divided government. Republicans control majorities in both chambers of the state legislature. The governor, Gretchen Whitmer, is a Democrat. 

Recent activity

Since July 15, 11 bills have been acted on in some way (a 31.3 percent decrease as compared to last week’s total of 16 bills). These 11 bills represent 0.4 percent of the 2,524 bills we are tracking. Of these 11 bills, 10 (90.9 percent) are from states with Democratic trifectas and 1 (9.1 percent) was from a state with divided government. 

The bar chart below compares recent activity on a week-to-week basis over the last eight weeks. 

  • 10 bills passed one chamber (or saw pre-adoption action in the second chamber). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 10.
  • 1 bill was enacted. 
    • Divided governments: 1.
      • MI HB5783: Appropriations: general government; appropriations for fiscal year 2022-2023; provide for. Creates appropriation act.

The map below visualizes the concentration of this recent activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been acted upon in the last week. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of bills that have been acted upon in the last week. 

The big picture

To date, we have tracked 2,524 election-related bills. This represents a marginal decrease as compared to last week’s total. These bills were either introduced this year or crossed over from last year’s legislative sessions. 

Legislative status

 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of the bills we are tracking. The following status indicators are used: 

  • Introduced: The bill has been pre-filed, introduced, or referred to committee but has not otherwise been acted upon.
  • Advanced from committee: The bill has received a favorable vote in committee. It has either advanced to another committee or to the floor for a vote. 
  • Passed one chamber: The bill has been approved by one legislative chamber.
  • Conference committee: Differing versions of the bill have been approved by their respective chambers and a conference committee has been appointed to reconcile the differences. 
  • Passed both chambers: The bill has cleared both chambers of the legislature. 
  • Enacted: The bill has been enacted into law, by gubernatorial action or inaction or veto override. 
  • Vetoed: The bill has been vetoed. 
  • Dead: The bill has been defeated in committee or by floor vote. 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of bills in Democratic and Republican trifectas, respectively. 

Concentration of activity

The map below visualizes the concentration of legislative activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been introduced. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of relevant bills. 

Partisan affiliation of sponsor(s)

The pie chart below visualizes the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors.

The bar chart below visualizes the correlation between the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors and trifecta status (e.g., how many Democratic-sponsored bills were introduced in Democratic trifectas vs. Republican trifectas).

Bills by topic

The chart below presents information on the total number of bills dealing with particular topics. The number listed on the blue portion of each bar indicates the number of Democratic-sponsored bills dealing with the subject in question. The number listed on the red portion of the bar indicates the number of Republican-sponsored bills. The purple and gray portions of the bar indicate the number of bipartisan-sponsored bills and bills with unspecified sponsorship, respectively. Note that the numbers listed here will not, when summed, equal the total number of bills because some bills deal with multiple topics.



July 22 is the final major-party statewide filing deadline of the cycle

July 22, 2022, is the filing deadline for statewide candidates in Louisiana. This is the last filing deadline for major-party candidates for statewide office in the 2022 election cycle. The first filing deadline in the current election cycle took place in Texas on December 13, 2021. 

  • December 2021: 1 state.
  • January 2022: 3 states.
  • February 2022: 3 states.
  • March 2022: 19 states.
  • April 2022: 9 states. 
  • May 2022: 4 states. 
  • June 2022: 8 states. 
  • July 2022: 3 states

The following states changed their filing deadlines for major-party, statewide candidates, either by court order or legislative action: 

  • Kentucky: On January 6, 2022, Gov. Andy Beshear (D) signed HB172 into law, extending the filing deadline for partisan candidates from January 7, 2022, to January 25, 2022.
  • Maryland: On March 15, 2022, the Maryland Court of Appeals postponed the primary election from June 28, 2022, to July 19, 2022. The court also extended the filing deadline from March 22, 2022, to April 15, 2022.
  • North Carolina: On December 8, 2021, the Supreme Court of North Carolina ordered the postponement of the statewide primary, originally scheduled for March 8, 2022, to May 17, 2022. The court also suspended candidate filing, which subsequently resumed on February 24, 2022, and concluded on March 4, 2022.
  • Pennsylvania: On February 9, 2022, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania suspended the candidate filing period for the primary election. The original filing deadline was set for March 8, 2022. The court later fixed March 15, 2022, as the filing deadline for statewide offices and the U.S. Congress.
  • Utah: On February 14, 2022, Gov. Spencer Cox (R) signed SB170 into law, moving the candidate filing deadline to March 4, 2022. The original filing deadline was set for March 11, 2022.

In the 2020 election cycle, two states postponed filing deadlines for major-party, statewide candidates: Louisiana and Michigan. Several others left deadlines unchanged but reduced or eliminated petition signature requirements. 



Election Legislation Weekly Digest: July 15, 2022

Here is our weekly round-up on election-related legislation. In it, you’ll find the following information: 

  • Noteworthy bills: Here, we identify and report on the contents and legislative status of noteworthy bills. 
  • Recent activity: Here, we report on the number of bills acted on within the past week. 
  • The big picture: Here, we look at the bills in the aggregate. 
    • Legislative status: How many bills have been introduced, voted upon, or enacted into law?
    • Concentration of activity: What states have seen the highest concentration of legislative activity?
    • Partisan affiliation of sponsorship: How many bills have been sponsored by Democrats vs. Republicans? 
    • Subject: What subjects are most commonly addressed in the bills? 

Noteworthy bills

This part of our report highlights recent activity on specific noteworthy bills. A bill is noteworthy if it meets one or more of the following criteria: 

  • It has been enacted into law. 
  • It is poised to be enacted into law. 
  • It is the subject of significant debate in the legislature. 
  • It is the subject of significant commentary by activists, journalists, etc. 

Pennsylvania SB982: This bill provides that only federal, state, and local government funding can be used to finance the administration of elections. It bars state and local officials from seeking or accepting funding from private, non-governmental sources. This bill also establishes the Election Integrity Grant Program, under which counties can apply for grants and use the money awarded for the following purposes: (1) payment of staff needed to pre-canvas and canvass absentee/mail-in ballots; (2) physical security and transparency costs associated with centralized pre-canvassing and canvassing; (3) post-election procedures; (4) voter list maintenance activities; (5) printing of ballots; (6) training costs for election officials; (7) payment of Election Day workers; (8) secure preparation, transportation, and storage of election equipment; and (9) costs associated with processing voter registration applications. 

Legislative history and status: The state Senate approved the bill on July 7 by a vote of 46-4, with 28 Republicans and 17 Democrats voting in favor and four Democrats in opposition. The state House approved the bill on July 8 by a vote of 103-96, with 86 Republicans and 17 Democrats voting in favor and 72 Democrats and 24 Republicans in opposition. Gov. Tom Wolf (D) signed the bill into law on July 11.

Political context: Pennsylvania has a divided government. Republicans control majorities in both chambers of the state legislature. The governor is a Democrat. 

Recent activity

Since July 8, 16 bills have been acted on in some way (a 14.3 percent increase as compared to last week’s total of 14 bills). These 16 bills represent 0.6 percent of the 2,525 bills we are tracking. Of these 16 bills, 12 (75.0 percent) are from states with Democratic trifectas and 4 (25.0 percent) are from states with divided governments. 

The bar chart below compares recent activity on a week-to-week basis over the last eight weeks. 

  • 1 bill was either introduced or saw pre-committee action (e.g., new sponsor added, subcommittee hearing scheduled, etc.). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 1.
  • 10 bills passed one chamber (or saw pre-adoption action in the second chamber). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 10.
  • 2 bills passed both chambers (or were acted on in some way after passing both chambers). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 1.   
      • CA AB1619: Elections: voter registration and signature comparison.
    • Divided governments: 1.
      • PA SB106: A Joint Resolution proposing separate and distinct amendments to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, providing that there is no constitutional right to taxpayer-funded abortion or other right relating to abortion; further providing for action on concurrent orders and resolutions, for Lieutenant Governor and for qualifications of electors; and providing for election audits.
  • 2 bills were enacted. 
    • Divided governments: 2.
      • PA HB1614: In ballots, further providing for number of ballots to be printed and specimen ballots.
      • PA SB982: In preliminary provisions, providing for public funding of elections.
  • 1 bill was vetoed. 
    • Divided governments: 1.

The map below visualizes the concentration of this recent activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been acted upon in the last week. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of bills that have been acted upon in the last week.

 

The big picture

To date, we have tracked 2,525 election-related bills. This is the same number of bills we were tracking last week. These bills were either introduced this year or crossed over from last year’s legislative sessions. 

Legislative status 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of the bills we are tracking. The following status indicators are used: 

  • Introduced: The bill has been pre-filed, introduced, or referred to committee but has not otherwise been acted upon.
  • Advanced from committee: The bill has received a favorable vote in committee. It has either advanced to another committee or to the floor for a vote. 
  • Passed one chamber: The bill has been approved by one legislative chamber.
  • Conference committee: Differing versions of the bill have been approved by their respective chambers and a conference committee has been appointed to reconcile the differences. 
  • Passed both chambers: The bill has cleared both chambers of the legislature. 
  • Enacted: The bill has been enacted into law, by gubernatorial action or inaction or veto override. 
  • Vetoed: The bill has been vetoed. 
  • Dead: The bill has been defeated in committee or by floor vote. 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of bills in Democratic and Republican trifectas, respectively. 

Concentration of activity

The map below visualizes the concentration of legislative activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been introduced. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of relevant bills. 

Partisan affiliation of sponsor(s)

The pie chart below visualizes the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors.

The bar chart below visualizes the correlation between the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors and trifecta status (e.g., how many Democratic-sponsored bills were introduced in Democratic trifectas vs. Republican trifectas).

Bills by topic

The chart below presents information on the total number of bills dealing with particular topics. The number listed on the blue portion of each bar indicates the number of Democratic-sponsored bills dealing with the subject in question. The number listed on the red portion of the bar indicates the number of Republican-sponsored bills. The purple and gray portions of the bar indicate the number of bipartisan-sponsored bills and bills with unspecified sponsorship, respectively. Note that the numbers listed here will not, when summed, equal the total number of bills because some bills deal with multiple topics.



Election Legislation Weekly Digest: July 8, 2022

Here is our weekly round-up on election-related legislation. In it, you’ll find the following information: 

  • Noteworthy bills: Here, we identify and report on the contents and legislative status of noteworthy bills. 
  • Recent activity: Here, we report on the number of bills acted on within the past week. 
  • The big picture: Here, we look at the bills in the aggregate. 
    • Legislative status: How many bills have been introduced, voted upon, or enacted into law?
    • Concentration of activity: What states have seen the highest concentration of legislative activity?
    • Partisan affiliation of sponsorship: How many bills have been sponsored by Democrats vs. Republicans? 
    • Subject: What subjects are most commonly addressed in the bills? 

Noteworthy bills

This part of our report highlights recent activity on specific noteworthy bills. A bill is noteworthy if it meets one or more of the following criteria: 

  • It has been enacted into law. 
  • It is poised to be enacted into law. 
  • It is the subject of significant debate in the legislature. 
  • It is the subject of significant commentary by activists, journalists, etc. 

Delaware HB183: This bill requires candidates to provide the following when they file for office: a notarized affidavit verifying the candidate’s primary residential address; proof of home ownership or rental agreement; and a copy of a current vehicle registration, driver’s license, state identification card, or utility bill showing the candidate’s primary residential address. Failure to provide these documents will disqualify the candidate. 

Legislative history and status: The state Senate passed the bill unanimously on June 30. The state House passed the bill on July 1, also unanimously. Gov. John Carney (D) has not yet acted on the bill. 

Political context: Delaware is a Democratic trifecta, meaning that Democrats control the governorship and majorities in both chambers of the state legislature. 

Recent activity

Since July 1, 14 bills have been acted on in some way (a 70.8 percent decrease as compared to last week’s total of 48 bills). These 14 bills represent 0.6 percent of the 2,525 bills we are tracking. Of these 14 bills, 13 (92.9 percent) are from states with Democratic trifectas and 1 (7.1 percent) is from a state with divided government. 

The bar chart below compares recent activity on a week-to-week basis over the last eight weeks. 

  • 2 bills were either introduced or saw pre-committee action (e.g., new sponsor added, subcommittee hearing scheduled, etc.). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 2.
  • 11 bills passed one chamber (or saw pre-adoption action in the second chamber). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 10.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 1 bill passed both chambers (or was acted on in some way after passing both chambers). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 1.
      • DE HB183: An Act To Amend Title 15 Of The Delaware Code Relating To Residency.

The map below visualizes the concentration of this recent activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been acted upon in the last week. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of bills that have been acted upon in the last week. 

The big picture

To date, we have tracked 2,525 election-related bills. This represents a marginal increase as compared to last week’s 2,521 bills. These bills were either introduced this year or crossed over from last year’s legislative sessions. 

Legislative status 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of the bills we are tracking. The following status indicators are used: 

  • Introduced: The bill has been pre-filed, introduced, or referred to committee but has not otherwise been acted upon.
  • Advanced from committee: The bill has received a favorable vote in committee. It has either advanced to another committee or to the floor for a vote. 
  • Passed one chamber: The bill has been approved by one legislative chamber.
  • Conference committee: Differing versions of the bill have been approved by their respective chambers and a conference committee has been appointed to reconcile the differences. 
  • Passed both chambers: The bill has cleared both chambers of the legislature. 
  • Enacted: The bill has been enacted into law, by gubernatorial action or inaction or veto override. 
  • Vetoed: The bill has been vetoed. 
  • Dead: The bill has been defeated in committee or by floor vote. 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of bills in Democratic and Republican trifectas, respectively. 

Concentration of activity

The map below visualizes the concentration of legislative activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been introduced. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of relevant bills.

 

Partisan affiliation of sponsor(s)

The pie chart below visualizes the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors.

The bar chart below visualizes the correlation between the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors and trifecta status (e.g., how many Democratic-sponsored bills were introduced in Democratic trifectas vs. Republican trifectas).

Bills by topic

The chart below presents information on the total number of bills dealing with particular topics. The number listed on the blue portion of each bar indicates the number of Democratic-sponsored bills dealing with the subject in question. The number listed on the red portion of the bar indicates the number of Republican-sponsored bills. The purple and gray portions of the bar indicate the number of bipartisan-sponsored bills and bills with unspecified sponsorship, respectively. Note that the numbers listed here will not, when summed, equal the total number of bills because some bills deal with multiple topics.



Election Legislation Weekly Digest: July 1, 2022

Here is our weekly round-up on election-related legislation. In it, you’ll find the following information: 

  • Noteworthy bills: Here, we identify and report on the contents and legislative status of noteworthy bills. 
  • Recent activity: Here, we report on the number of bills acted on within the past week. 
  • The big picture: Here, we look at the bills in the aggregate. 
    • Legislative status: How many bills have been introduced, voted upon, or enacted into law?
    • Concentration of activity: What states have seen the highest concentration of legislative activity?
    • Partisan affiliation of sponsorship: How many bills have been sponsored by Democrats vs. Republicans? 
    • Subject: What subjects are most commonly addressed in the bills? 

Noteworthy bills

This part of our report highlights recent activity on specific noteworthy bills. A bill is noteworthy if it meets one or more of the following criteria: 

  • It has been enacted into law. 
  • It is poised to be enacted into law. 
  • It is the subject of significant debate in the legislature. 
  • It is the subject of significant commentary by activists, journalists, etc. 

MO HB1878: This bill makes a number of modifications to the state’s election laws, including, but not limited to, the following: 

  • Authorizes the secretary of state to conduct quarterly audits of the state’s voter registration list and directs election officials to remove the names of ineligible voters from the list; 
  • Prohibits changes to the state’s election laws within 26 weeks of a presidential election; 
  • Prohibits election officials, at both the state and local levels, from accepting or spending private funds for the purpose of administering elections; 
  • Requires voters to “declare a political party affiliation from the established political parties or declare themselves unaffiliated” upon registration;
  • Allows voters to file change-of-address forms after the registration deadline, up to and including Election Day, provided that they can present photo identification upon doing so; 
  • Bars payment for soliciting voter registration applications; 
  • Requires entities that solicit more than 10 voter registration applications to register with the secretary of state; 
  • Requires the use of paper ballots; 
  • Discontinues the use of touchscreen direct-recording electronic vote counting machines, effective Jan. 1, 2024; 
  • Requires election authorities to conduct cybersecurity reviews once every two years;
  • Prohibits the use of mail-in ballots under executive or administrative order; 
  • Specifies that photo identification is required for voting a regular ballot or absentee/mail-in ballot in person;
  • Eliminates the presidential preference primary, instead providing for the use of caucuses to determine presidential nominees; and 
  • Prohibits public officials from entering into a settlement in any civil action that “nullifies, suspends, enjoins, alters, or conflicts” with the state’s election laws and authorizes the state legislature to intervene in any such action.

Legislative history and status: The state Senate approved the final version of the bill on May 9 by a vote of 23-11, with 23 Republicans voting in favor of the bill and 10 Democrats and one Republican voting against the bill. The state House followed suit on May 12 by a vote of 97-46, with 96 Republicans and one Democrat voting in favor and 46 Democrats voting against the bill. Gov. Mike Parson (R) signed HB1878 into law on June 29.

Political context: Missouri is a Republican trifecta, meaning that Republicans control the governorship and majorities in both chambers of the state legislature. 

Recent activity

Since June 24, 48 bills have been acted on in some way (a 38.5 percent decrease as compared to last week’s total of 78 bills). These 48 bills represent 1.9 percent of the 2,521 bills we are tracking. Of these 48 bills, 34 (70.8 percent) are from states with Democratic trifectas, 9 (18.8 percent) are from states with Republican trifectas, and 5 (10.4 percent) are from states with divided governments. 

The bar chart below compares recent activity on a week-to-week basis over the last eight weeks. 

  • 2 bills were either introduced or saw pre-committee action (e.g., new sponsor added, subcommittee hearing scheduled, etc.). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 1.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 5 bills advanced from committee (or saw post-committee action). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 4.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 18 bills passed one chamber (or saw pre-adoption action in the second chamber). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 17.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 2 bills are in conference committees. 
    • Republican trifectas: 2.
      • AZ HB2710: Registrations; counting procedures; observers; verification.
      • AZ SB1259: Recounts; requests; procedures; audits.
  • 12 bills passed both chambers (or were acted on in some way after passing both chambers). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 8.
      • CA SB131: November 8, 2022, statewide general election: ballot measures.
      • DE SB320: An Act To Amend Title 15 Of The Delaware Code Relating To Elections.
      • NJ A1969: Allows minors to serve as election workers between 5:30 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. on election days.
      • NJ A3817: Requires ballot privacy sleeves at polling place; makes various changes to early and mail-in voting procedures.
      • NJ A3820: Prohibits unaffiliated mail-in voters from receiving mail-in ballots for primary election; requires election officials to provide such voters certain notices; prohibits mail-in ballot envelopes from containing visible political affiliation or designation for certain elections.
      • NJ A3822: Changes deadlines for mailing of mail-in ballots; requires certain reporting on canvass of ballots; permits establishment of pickup schedule for certain mail-in ballots; removes ability to change party affiliation at MVC.
      • NJ A3823: Provides additional processes to maintain voter rolls; permits remote training for election workers; removes salaries of boards of elections from two percent cap on expenditure increase; exempts election worker compensation from taxation.
      • NJ A3929: Allows certain voters residing overseas to vote in certain elections in this State depending on overseas residency or intent to return.
    • Republican trifectas: 3.
      • AZ HB2243: Voter registration; state residency; cancellation.
      • AZ SB1255: Lieutenant governor; duties; ballot.
      • NH HB1567: Relative to the removal of election officials from office.
    • Divided governments: 1.
      • PA SB573: In district election officers, further providing for appointment of watchers; and, in penalties, further providing for refusal to permit overseers, watchers, attorneys or candidates to act and for hindering or delaying performance of duty.
  • 8 bills were enacted. 
    • Democratic trifectas: 4.
      • NY A07933: Includes individuals who do not identify exclusively as a binary gender in eligibility for party positions.
      • NY S00253: Relates to ballots where the express intent of the voter is unambiguous.
      • RI H6656: Mail Ballots.
      • RI S2118: Mail Ballots.
    • Republican trifectas: 4.
      • AZ HCR2015: Initiatives; supermajority vote; requirement.
      • AZ SCR1024: Lieutenant governor; joint ticket.
      • NH HB514: Relative to ballot column rotation.
      • NH SB364: Relative to the use of electronic poll books.
  • 1 bill was vetoed. 
    • Divided governments: 1.
      • LA HB359: Provides relative to federal election guidance and funding.

The map below visualizes the concentration of this recent activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been acted upon in the last week. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of bills that have been acted upon in the last week. 

The big picture

To date, we have tracked 2,521 election-related bills. This represents a marginal increase as compared to last week’s 2,519 bills. These bills were either introduced this year or crossed over from last year’s legislative sessions. 

Legislative status 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of the bills we are tracking. The following status indicators are used: 

  • Introduced: The bill has been pre-filed, introduced, or referred to committee but has not otherwise been acted upon.
  • Advanced from committee: The bill has received a favorable vote in committee. It has either advanced to another committee or to the floor for a vote. 
  • Passed one chamber: The bill has been approved by one legislative chamber.
  • Conference committee: Differing versions of the bill have been approved by their respective chambers and a conference committee has been appointed to reconcile the differences. 
  • Passed both chambers: The bill has cleared both chambers of the legislature. 
  • Enacted: The bill has been enacted into law, by gubernatorial action or inaction or veto override. 
  • Vetoed: The bill has been vetoed. 
  • Dead: The bill has been defeated in committee or by floor vote. 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of bills in Democratic and Republican trifectas, respectively. 

Concentration of activity

The map below visualizes the concentration of legislative activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been introduced. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of relevant bills. 

Partisan affiliation of sponsor(s)

The pie chart below visualizes the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors.

The bar chart below visualizes the correlation between the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors and trifecta status (e.g., how many Democratic-sponsored bills were introduced in Democratic trifectas vs. Republican trifectas).

Bills by topic

The chart below presents information on the total number of bills dealing with particular topics. The number listed on the blue portion of each bar indicates the number of Democratic-sponsored bills dealing with the subject in question. The number listed on the red portion of the bar indicates the number of Republican-sponsored bills. The purple and gray portions of the bar indicate the number of bipartisan-sponsored bills and bills with unspecified sponsorship, respectively. Note that the numbers listed here will not, when summed, equal the total number of bills because some bills deal with multiple topics.



Election Legislation Weekly Digest: June 24, 2022

Here is our weekly round-up on election-related legislation. In it, you’ll find the following information: 

  • Noteworthy bills: Here, we identify and report on the contents and legislative status of noteworthy bills. 
  • Recent activity: Here, we report on the number of bills acted on within the past week. 
  • The big picture: Here, we look at the bills in the aggregate. 
    • Legislative status: How many bills have been introduced, voted upon, or enacted into law?
    • Concentration of activity: What states have seen the highest concentration of legislative activity?
    • Partisan affiliation of sponsorship: How many bills have been sponsored by Democrats vs. Republicans? 
    • Subject: What subjects are most commonly addressed in the bills? 

Noteworthy bills

This part of our report highlights recent activity on specific noteworthy bills. A bill is noteworthy if it meets one or more of the following criteria: 

  • It has been enacted into law. 
  • It is poised to be enacted into law. 
  • It is the subject of significant debate in the legislature. 
  • It is the subject of significant commentary by activists, journalists, etc. 

NY S01046: This bill establishes new legal rights of action for vote suppression, vote dilution, voter intimidation, deception, and obstruction and lays out suggested court-ordered remedies (e.g., postponing election dates, extending voting hours, or adding polling locations). This bill authorizes the attorney general to issue subpoenas and hold fact-finding hearings to enforce the provisions of the bill. This bill applies to all elections, with exceptions carved out for school-district and library elections, the conduct of which is governed by the state’s Education Law. 

Legislative history and status: On May 31, the state Senate passed the bill 43-20, with Democrats casting all “yea” votes and Republicans casting all “no” votes. On June 2, the state House passed the bill 106-42, also along partisan lines. Gov. Kathy Hochul (D) signed the bill into law on June 20. 

Political context: New York is a Democratic trifecta, meaning that Democrats control the governorship and majorities in both chambers of the state legislature. 

Recent activity

Since June 17, 78 bills have been acted on in some way (a 13.0 percent increase as compared to last week’s total of 69 bills). These 78 bills represent 3.1 percent of the 2,519 bills we are tracking. Of these 78 bills, 35 (44.9 percent) are from states with Democratic trifectas, 19 (24.4 percent) are from states with Republican trifectas, and 24 (30.8 percent) are from states with divided governments. 

The bar chart below compares recent activity on a week-to-week basis over the last eight weeks.

 

  • 20 bills were either introduced or saw pre-committee action (e.g., new sponsor added, subcommittee hearing scheduled, etc.). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 2.
    • Republican trifectas: 6.
    • Divided governments: 12.
  • 3 bills advanced from committee (or saw post-committee action). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 2.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 34 bills passed one chamber (or saw pre-adoption action in the second chamber). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 24.
    • Republican trifectas: 5.
    • Divided governments: 5.
  • 10 bills passed both chambers (or were acted on in some way after passing both chambers). 
    • Democratic trifectas: 5.
      • DE HB25: An Act To Amend Title 15 Of The Delaware Code Relating To Elections.
      • NY A07933: Includes individuals who do not identify exclusively as a binary gender in eligibility for party positions.
      • NY S00253: Relates to ballots where the express intent of the voter is unambiguous.
      • RI H6656: Mail Ballots.
      • RI S2118: Mail Ballots.
    • Republican trifectas: 5.
      • AZ HB2710: Registrations; counting procedures; observers; verification.
      • AZ HCR2015: Initiatives; supermajority vote; requirement.
      • NH HB1174: Relative to election challengers.
      • NH HB1567: Relative to the removal of election officials from office.
      • NH SB366: Requiring an audit of ballots cast in the 2022 primary and general election.
  • 9 bills were enacted. 
    • Democratic trifectas: 2.
      • HI SB2162: Relating To Ranked Choice Voting.
      • NY S01046: Relates to the John R. Lewis Voting Rights Act of New York; establishes rights of actions for denying or abridging the right of any member of a protected class to vote; provides assistance to language-minority groups; provides for preclearance of certain voting policies; makes related provisions.
    • Republican trifectas: 3.
      • NH SB405: Relative to fines and penalties for election law violations.
      • NH SB418: Relative to verification of voter affidavits.
      • SC S0202: Inspector General, definitions.
    • Divided governments: 4.
      • LA HB1065: Provides relative to notice of changes to polling places
      • LA SB144: Provides relative to hand delivery of absentee by mail ballots.
      • LA SB283: Provides relative to submission of redistricting plans to the secretary of state.
      • WI SJR101: Prohibiting the use of a donation or grant of private resources for purposes of election administration and specifying who may perform tasks related to election administration (first consideration).
  • 2 bills were vetoed. 
    • Divided governments: 2.

The map below visualizes the concentration of this recent activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been acted upon in the last week. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of bills that have been acted upon in the last week. 

The big picture

To date, we have tracked 2,519 election-related bills. This represents a marginal increase as compared to last week’s 2,518 bills. These bills were either introduced this year or crossed over from last year’s legislative sessions. 

Legislative status 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of the bills we are tracking. The following status indicators are used: 

  • Introduced: The bill has been pre-filed, introduced, or referred to committee but has not otherwise been acted upon.
  • Advanced from committee: The bill has received a favorable vote in committee. It has either advanced to another committee or to the floor for a vote. 
  • Passed one chamber: The bill has been approved by one legislative chamber.
  • Conference committee: Differing versions of the bill have been approved by their respective chambers and a conference committee has been appointed to reconcile the differences. 
  • Passed both chambers: The bill has cleared both chambers of the legislature. 
  • Enacted: The bill has been enacted into law, by gubernatorial action or inaction or veto override. 
  • Vetoed: The bill has been vetoed. 
  • Dead: The bill has been defeated in committee or by floor vote. 

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of bills in Democratic and Republican trifectas, respectively. 

Concentration of activity

The map below visualizes the concentration of legislative activity across the nation. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been introduced. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of relevant bills. 

Partisan affiliation of sponsor(s)

The pie chart below visualizes the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors.

The bar chart below visualizes the correlation between the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors and trifecta status (e.g., how many Democratic-sponsored bills were introduced in Democratic trifectas vs. Republican trifectas).